Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The first Genetically Modified (GM) crops were introduced onto the market in the mid-nineties. Since then, quick but uneven developments have occurred from one continent or group of countries to another. This report analysis the extent of and the main reasons for these fast and uneven developments, with special emphasis on underlying economic issues which are of direct interest for the agri-food sector. A review of the available literature helped to answer three main questions:

(1) How fast and to what extent have sowings of GM crops developed? Which crops are concerned?
(2) Which economic reasons explain the rapid adoption of GM crops by farmers?
(3) Which are the consequences of citizen/consumer reactions and food suppliers' initiatives?

The analysis follows the path of the food chain, from the supply side up to final demand This approach takes into account the chronology of developments regarding agri-biotechnology, but it also allows for analysing driving forces and interactions between the main stakeholders all along the food chain.

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