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The objective of this project is to gain information on the thermal history of gas injection elements used in basic oxygen furnaces, and attempt to relate this to element wear rates. One of the wear mechanisms of such elements is spalling, resulting from stresses set up by rapid changes in temperature, and it is anticipated that the information obtained will enable the design, refractory composition and gas injection rates to be optimised.

Additional information

Authors: NORMANTON A S, British Steel plc, London (GB);WALKER F, British Steel plc, London (GB);BUTTER J A M, British Steel plc, London (GB);MINK P, British Steel plc, London (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 12962 EN (1990) 177 pp., FS, ECU 15
Availability: (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-826-1681-9
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