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  • Disposal of radioactive waste and toxic waste in underground repositories : Comparative examination of the objectives, requirements and techniques


Proceeding from the objectives, demands, techniques and safety concepts in the field of the disposal of radioactive waste, first of all the legal basic conditions for the underground disposal of chemically toxic wastes will be demonstrated as part of the joint research project of GSF and ECN. Subsequently the waste types relevant for the underground disposal will be described according to type, composition and quantity, as well as the differences between the situation in the Federal Republic of Germany and the Netherlands. The present concepts for an underground disposal of chemically toxic wastes are demonstrated and compared to the radioactive waste concepts with reference to the main research and development topics in the field of radioactive waste disposal, such as host rock selection, reconnaissance of geomechanical and hydrogeological conditions, backfilling and sealing techniques as well as the complex themes of pollutant circulation and safety analysis.
Within the joint project the fundamental understanding of disposal concepts should be summed up, on one hand for radioactive waste and on the other hand for chemically toxic waste. Because of the clear relation between disposal costs and recyling, general economical aspects of underground disposal are also presented.

Additional information

Authors: BRASSER T, GSF-IFT, Braunschweig (DE);MÜHLENWEG U, GSF-IFT, Braunschweig (DE);HEIJDRA J J, ECN, Petten (NL);VAN DALEN A, ECN, Petten (NL);VAN DERGAAG J, ECN, Petten (NL);VONS L H, ECN, Petten (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 16603 DE/EN (1995) 360pp., FS, ECU43
Availability: Available from the (2)
ISBN: 92-827-5064-7
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