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The VISIONS project (Integrated Visions for a Sustainable Europe) was a three-year project, started in February 1998, which was funded by the European Commission's Research DG, with the collaboration of nine institutions, led by the International Centre for Integrative Studies (ICIS) of the University of Maastricht (NL). The project's main objective was to bring together both physical and social science tools and techniques, to assist, broaden and deepen the process of policy making for sustainable development. The ultimate aim of the project was to develop integrated visions for a sustainable Europe, as qualitative narratives with some quantitative ingredients. The project developed scenarios for Europe Itself and for 3 European regions: Venice, Manchester and the Green Heart in the Netherlands - metaphors of places in Europe. This report describes the development of scenarios for Venice in 2050, the organisation and structure of social research, and interviewees' reactions to the scenarios presented to them. The final chapter concerns the integration of Venice scenarios with higher level ones.

The report is accompanied by a CD_ROM which provides additional material from the project.

The report can be downloaded from the VISIONS website at:

Additional information

Authors: GUIMARÃES PEREIRA A, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19926 EN (2002), pp.206, plus CD-ROM. Euro: Free of charge
Availability: Available from European Commission, JRC Knowledge Management Unit, Ispra (IT) Tel: +39 033278 9843 or +39 033278 9864 Fax: +39 033278 9623 E-mail:
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