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Cardiovascular disease has a multifactorial etiology, as is illustrated by the existence of numerous risk indicators, many of which can be influenced by dietary means. In this paper, effects of diet on cardiovascular disease are reviewed, with special emphasis on modification of the plasma lipoprotein profile and of hypertension. In addition, dietary influences on arterial thrombotic processes, immunological interactions, insulin resistance, and hyperhomocysteinaemia are discussed. Finally, the paper identifies areas where further research is required.

This is one of six thematic papers produced within the concerted action 'Functional Food Science in Europe' (FUFOSE), which is part of the European Commission's Fourth Framework Programme for research and technological development.

Additional information

Authors: HORNSTRA G, Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University (NL);BARTH C A, German Institute for Human Nutrition, Stiftung des Öffentlichen Rechts, Bergholz-Rehbrücke (DE);GALLI C, Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milano (IT);MENSINK R P, Nutrition Research Centre, Maastricht University (NL);MUTANEN M, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki (FI);RIEMERSMA R A, Cardiovascular Research Unit, University of Edinburgh (GB);ROBERFROID M, UCL, École de Pharmacie, Brussels (BE);SALMINEN K, Research and Development, Valio Ltd, Helsinki (FI);VANSANT G, Laboratoory voor Experimentale geneeskunde endocrinologie (LEGENDO), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (BE);VERSCHUREN P M, Unilever Research Laboratory, Vlaardingen (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: A paper published in 'Functional food science in Europe - volume 1', EUR 18591 EN, pp.S113-S146.
Availability: EUR-OP reference: CG-NO-18591-EN-S; price: 71 euros (set of 3 volumes). Available from EUR-OP sales agents. URL:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-828-4776-4 (3
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