Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Final report on Contract No 7210-PR/049, 1 July 1997 to 31 December 2000.

The main aim of this project was to investigate the utilisation and acceptance of dry cutting as a less pollutive production process and the possible changes needed from the viewpoint of workpiece material. It was also aimed at measuring the improvements in machinability achieved in this type of cutting with alloying elements and metallic and non metallic inclusion engineering.

The investigations were carried out on case hardening and microalloyed steels from production heats with several alloying additives and on steels from experimental laboratory heats that were used to check the less common additions.

According to the results of machinability investigation, the application of dry machining seems to be possible at least on the same cost level as machining with the application of cutting fluids. Furthermore, the traditional metallurgical methods to improve machinability are valid in a similar way as in wet cutting. Regarding environmental aspects, the pollution in dry cutting is lower than with the use of cutting fluids, though the quantity of airborne particles inside the machine chamber is higher. The composition of these particles corresponds to the workpiece material.

Additional information

Authors: ARENDT C, IFW, Dresden (DE);KRULL H-G, ISPAT, Duisburg (DE);BLEYMEHL M, Saarstahl, Völklingen (DE);BERTRAND C, Sidenor, Basauri (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 20374 EN (2002), pp.119. Euro: 15.50
Availability: EUR-OP reference: KI-NA-20374-EN-S Available from EUR-OP sales agents. URL:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-894-3935-1
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