Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The aim of the "employment - exclusion" network was to identify and compare areas of employment considered as risk in the six countries involved in the network. That is to say jobs which, instead of protecting those which have them from poverty, are likely to keep them in lasting and uninterrupted poverty or lead to poverty in the future.
The hypothesis of the existence of a social risk in work is contrary to the assumption that access to employment is the factor determining social integration (and social inclusion). It is also contrary to the representation of "the poor" who, since the Middle Ages, have formed part of the social landscape in Western societies and have a reserved place in them, traditionally associated with labour market inactivity. Today those who live in poverty and depend on social welfare are no longer just those who are not on the labour market, or marginal individuals, but include workers with insufficient wages, in unstable employment and precarious living conditions. The term "the working poor" can then be used.

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