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Gender relationships in Europe at the turn of the millennium: Women as subjects in migration and marriage (GRINE), Final Report

Project ID: HPSE-CT-2001-00087


This research project is based on oral history interviews with migrant women from Bulgaria and Hungary to Italy and the Netherlands. Our analysis emphasises how they makes sense and act in their own lives, and seeks to identify new forms of subjectivity that are part of the contemporary history of Europe. In interviews with native women, we sought to document and analyse the points of connection of friendship and empathy between themselves and migrant women, and the mechanisms of exclusion and xenophobia they also voice. Overall, the project collected 110 interviews with pre and post 1989 migrant and native women.
The study of migration from the European East to the European West is part of a reflection on the repercussions of European migration on the redefinition of existing ideas of Europe and European identities. The testimonies both of migrant and native women confirm the central role of human mobility in the redefinition of relations between Eastern and Western Europe after 1989. The project evidences both the democratic potentials of contemporary form of exchange in Europe and the lasting influences of prejudices and stereotypes based on hierarchical ideas of self and other, us and them. To discuss and confront the spread of Islam-phobia and racism should become one of the first priorities of a cultural policy addressing racism and intercultural encounters in Europe.

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