Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


Policy Synthesis of EU Research Results, Series no 9: Enlargement, EUR 23166

Funded under: FP6-CITIZENS


Twelve research projects dealing with enlargement were selected for reviewing in this report. They are related to the enlargement directly or indirectly. This report defines four clusters - labour market; macroeconomic issues; catching up and restructuring; and democracy and institutions - which were chosen to present the policy recommendations of these projects.
Enlargement has macroeconomic consequences and it is to be expected that favourable macroeconomic conditions affect the pace and depth of the integration process of the new member states. Two aspects of the enlargement have rather straightforward repercussion on the macroeconomic conditions, namely restructuring and catching up. As the economic aspect of the recent enlargement tends to dominate the discourse on EU issues it is important to recall that both restructuring and catching up are long term projects.
Different aspects of the labour market have been in the centre of the heated debates of enlargement. These debates were concerned with the economic and social consequences of the enlargement on labour markets and welfare systems of both the old and the new member states. There is a trade-off between equity and efficiency in regional development. If development funds are allocated to the regions where they are used in the most efficient ways, it implies the opening-up of the income gap between the wealthiest and the poorest. This trade-off is even more pronounced in new member states, where the migration is rather low.
A cluster includes all the issues related non-economic aspects of enlargement found in the projects: the typology of democracies, institutional aspects of social welfare, governance in different fields, like Europe, environment and regional issues.

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