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Final Report Summary - GLAMRULE (Global Americanisation of Rulemaking?)

How are regulators constrained by administrative procedures and requirements? Are countries converging in the way they notify, publish, and consult on regulatory proposals? This research project answered these questions by relying on a set of empirical analyses on the extent of convergence of administrative requirements for enacting delegated legislation among European Union (EU) and Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member states. Reforms of public administration are usually analysed by taking into account either external influence stemming from international organisations’ recommendations or internal political determinants. This project aims to integrate these perspectives in order to achieve a nuanced evaluation of the drivers of convergence in the making of delegated legislation.
This methodological exhortation resulted in two empirical analyses. A qualitative analysis clarifies the concept of rulemaking by developing explanatory typologies of the institutional choices for constraining regulators. The proposed taxonomy distinguishes convergence movements towards a model of judicial review of rulemaking, typical of the American administrative rulemaking, from the persistence of administrative tradition. Empirical finding shows that both convergence movements and institutional status quo led countries to be clustered according to their legal origins. A quantitative analysis of the cross-sectional changes of rulemaking in three time periods (1995, 2005 and 2015) tests alternative explanatory factors (the transfer of administrative reform models as designed by pioneer countries and international organisations vs. the institutional persistence of administrative tradition) that determine the speed, the scope, and the expected equilibrium of convergence.
Similarity among countries and across time goes beyond the adoption of administrative innovations and reforms. Best practices, ranking and evaluation of policy performance, and knowledge produced by international organisations such as the OECD and the World Bank create the conditions for an increased policy transfer in the politically sensible area of administrative reform. Accordingly, this project is also related to the ways governments, international organisations, and stakeholders assess administrative reforms. Two additional qualitative analyses compare the governance of the OECD and the World Bank. The first analysis assesses the ways these international organisations frame their agenda for public governance reforms. The second analysis focuses on the OECD and the World Bank’s modes of designing and using global indicators for regulatory governance. Overall, this project enhances our understanding of the quality of regulatory institutions and governance.

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United Kingdom


Life Sciences
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