Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Periodic Report Summary 1 - CORE (Consistently Optimised Resilient Secure Global Supply-Chains)

Project Context and Objectives:
CORE will consolidate, amplify, extend and demonstrate EU knowledge and capabilities and international co-operation for securing supply chains whilst maintaining or improving business performance, with specific reference to key Supply Chain Corridors.

CORE will be driven by the requirements of:

• The Customs, law enforcement authorities, and other agencies nationally and internationally to increase effectiveness of security & trade compliance, without increasing the transaction costs for business and to increase co-operative security risk management (supervision & control);

• The business communities, specifically shippers, forwarders, terminal operators, carriers and financial stakeholders to integrate compliance and trade facilitation concepts like green lanes and pre-clearance with supply chain visibility and optimisation.

CORE will consolidate solutions developed in Reference Projects in each supply chain sector (port, container, air, post). Implementation-driven R&D will be then undertaken designed to discover gaps and practical problems and to develop capabilities and solutions that could deliver sizable and sustainable progress in supply chain security across all EU Member States and on a global scale.

Project Results:
All 22 CORE workpackages started during the first year of the project. Highlights include:
• Close to 100 key SCS documents (policies, regulations, standard and programs) have been reviewed and analysed. The document covered a comprehensive depiction on theory, practice and context of modern supply chain security and on all the themes that the CORE project and its demonstrations seek to address.
• A Demonstrator based Stakeholder Requirements methodology and key requirements were specified.
• The initial CORE Innovation Agenda has been specified and reviewed.
• The commercial and policy justification and impact assessment has begun.
• The SCS Control taxonomy and a Repository of SCS Control Integration Services have been drafted.
• A list of threat and vulnerability analysis methods and associated configurable and interconnected “MTVA Suit of Services”
• Prepared a description of the Cyber Situation Awareness tool
• Designed a Cyber Situation Awareness Architecture
• Written a white paper on Cyber Range and Training Environment (CRATE) and how it supports the Cyber Situation Awareness
• Written a factsheet describing the Cyber Situation Awareness architecture and corresponding tools and services to support identification of the risks and ongoing attacks against Supply Chain component systems.
• Prepared an initial document for Situational Awareness maps and Global visibility tool to start the discussions with the demonstrators for requirements gathering.
• Using the Google maps technology and sample vector maps data, the implementation of a first prototype of the Global Supply Chain Visibility tool has been started and is in progress.
• An initial Public-Private Governance Model (PPGM) was developed.
• The technical components and solutions that underpin the CORE Ecosystem have been described. Central to this architecture is a shared knowledge structure called the CORE Knowledge Graph, sharing knowledge about the supply chains and enabling security, governance, monitoring and other purposes required by the CORE demonstrators in compliance with the SCS Reference Model.
• In the contract amendment the opportunity was taken to align most of the Demonstrators (e.g.the Felixstowe, Rotterdam, Schiphol, Belgium, FALACUS, and the EU-US Demonstrators). A common methodology known as a Living Lab was adopted. A Living Lab is a test environment for cyclical development and evaluation of complex, innovative concepts and technology, as part of a real-world, operational system, in which multiple stakeholders with different background and interest work together towards a common goal, as part of medium to long-term study.
• The solution to the “Intermodal transport of dangerous goods demonstrator” is named “Localisation and tracking solution for the intermodal transport of Dangerous Goods” and it is based on the use of the European Global Navigation Satellite Systems (E-GNSS), EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) and Galileo, for tracking & tracing (T&T) the intermodal transport (through road/rail tankers) of dangerous goods (DG).
• The Exploitation Manager in collaboration with the Exploitation Committee has drafted and will maintain an evolving Exploitation Strategy for the results of the CORE project.
• A summary of requirements, specifications and policy considerations has been provided for the Analysis and Testing of a Secure Hybrid Composite Container.

Potential Impact:
CORE will demonstrate how a powerful and innovative Consistently Optimised REsilient ecosystem implementation, integrating interoperability, security, resilience and real-time optimisation can produce cost effective, fast and robust solutions that will guarantee the efficient and secure transit of goods through the worldwide Global Supply Chain system.
CORE will show how protecting and securing the Global Supply Chain, and reducing its vulnerability to disruption (whether caused by natural disasters, terrorism or other forms of undesirable or illegal activity), can be done while guaranteeing the promotion of a timely and efficient flow of legitimate commerce through the European Union and other nations around the world. CORE will demonstrate that this can be done while at the same time offering tangible benefits to involved stakeholders (transaction, transport, regulatory and financial operators), thus facilitating its adoption by commercial entities.
Using CORE’s real-time optimisation tools, security and tracking data will be integrated into supply chain operations whilst ensuring that process efficiency is improved and the environmental impact (including CO2 emissions) reduced. CORE will offer solutions that cover all levels of time granularity, ranging from strategic models to dynamic daily plans to real-time fast reacting scheduling and optimisation tools. These will guarantee that operators can create resilient contingency plans and be able to react in real-time to unexpected major events in a fast and cost-effective way, avoiding serious economic collapse.
CORE will address in an integrated and stakeholder-friendly way three main areas:
1. End-to-end Supply Chain Security fostering standardisation, harmonisation and mutual recognition;
2. Controlled global visibility of security risks and other supply chain threats and their impact on supply chain flows around the world;
3. Real-time Lean Agile Resilient Green Optimised supply chain solutions offering a highly innovative approach to designing supply chains resilient (in real-time) to major disturbances caused by high impact events
Furthermore the results of CORE will help the EU (and other countries) introduce changes to Customs policy which strike a balance between public and business interests, within reasonable regulatory constraints. The vision of changing Customs reporting procedures “from push to pull” using secure data pipelines for the whole value and transport chain has already started in a number of previous EU-funded projects. CORE will demonstrate this approach in a broader dimension addressing security and supply chain optimisation. CORE will generate a security and SC resilience ecosystem which will operate in an international context and support the implementation of the various EU security and information management policies and directives, with evolving international regulations and standards, including collaborations models with the US and other nations all over the world. CORE’s Supply Chain Security Reference Model (SCSRF) will be flexible and powerful enough to establish the basis for standardisation of secure transport & logistics as part of an integrated framework of trusted worldwide networks. In summary, the CORE Ecosystem will offer a distributed adaptive open sociotechnical system, with properties of self-organisation, scalability and sustainability, inspired by natural ecosystems, including data, knowledge, best practices and services that can be plugged in to existing IT systems with minimum effort yielding maximum benefits in terms of enhanced security, resilience and efficiency.

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