Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


ZONESEC Report Summary

Project ID: 607292
Funded under: FP7-SECURITY
Country: Greece

Periodic Report Summary 1 - ZONESEC (Towards a EU framework for the security of Widezones)

Project Context and Objectives:
ZONeSEC aims to address the needs of Widezones surveillance by defining a new European-wide framework, which will extend beyond a sole technical proposition. Driven by the need to yield a holistic and uniform approach, ZONeSEC redefines the issue of security of Widezones by taking into consideration issues pertaining to costs, complexity, vulnerability, societal acceptance and ethics.
ZONeSEC will perform all needed research, development, integration and awareness raising work to yield a holistic system:
• By adopting a Total Security Approach, merging and balancing all relevant aspects in the design of an innovative Widezone surveillance system.
• To put in place a scalable framework and congruent prototype that will guarantee the seamless and cost-efficient surveillance of Widezones – irrespective of their type – enhancing to that effect the security of these broad areas beyond the mere surveillance of critical infrastructures.
• To introduce a ground-breaking approach (DirectSIM) in simulating the behaviour of important sub-systems, threats and human entities. The resulting environment will be used for the early design and testing of the ZONeSEC components cost-efficiency while it could also be exploited for the realistic training of surveillance operators.
• To support with its valuable functions a total Early Detection and Situational Awareness mechanism that will assist authorities and operators in the prevention of illicit activities even in the most complex, remote or demanding localized spaces.
• To dynamically assess how an activity might evolve into a threat for the well-being of the protected Widezone, fusing different information data which establishes an active and dynamic surveillance framework instead of the current passive and static one.
• To improve the sensor base and sensor intelligence for high quality input for the systems information fusion and processing framework, to detect various kinds of illicit pattern of activity, reducing the rate of false alarms.
• To provide a new EU trendsetting benchmark for Widezones surveillance systems, by delivering a highly usable and on-line toolkit that will provide references, consultation and guidance services for the protection of infrastructure spreading across Widezones (EU-WSRT).
• To set a cornerstone for the standardization of equipment, network architecture, processes and methodologies for Widezones surveillance purposes on an EU level addressing the cross-cultural issues emerging from the diversity of normative frameworks, contexts of implementation etc. ZONeSEC aims at providing pre-normative standards through modern dual path standardization process: Standardization Organizations committees and workshop agreement/industrial specifications group.
• To provide recommendations on policies development aiming at harmonizing the European, National and Regional regulatory packages applicable to the protection of critical infrastructures in Widezones.
• To safeguard the societal acceptance of the proposed framework by adhering to the recommendations and expectations of the Societal Impact Expert Working Group.
• To set-up visible demonstrations of an innovative and a Unique Reference Surveillance System for the protection of Widezones in realistic situations.
• To support civil protection authorities in the formation and validation of proper safety procedures for the mitigation of the effects of illicit activities towards a Widezone. (esp. parts of the protected infrastructure that are close to metropolitan or urban, semi-urban areas)
The ZONeSEC methodology will bring the stakeholders in the spotlight of all envisaged systems development; from the collection of user requirements, to the iterative development and validation of the system’s technical specifications & the performance of pilot demonstrations and integrity tests, the involved user groups– infrastructure operators, citizens, first responders, crisis managers, resource/infrastructure managers, and public agencies - will be integral cogs in the process.

Project Results:
WP1: Overall, the activities of ZONeSEC project kicked off smoothly. Deliverable deadlines are being respected by consortium partners. Monitoring activities were defined and followed in order to ensure the achievement of project objectives in a qualitative way. The technical plan has been executed substantially in line with the description of work while in some case proactive work has been obtained by some of the partners involved in the project.
WP2: In the timeframe M1-M12, the work conducted in WP2 could be summarized as follows:
• A thorough literature survey on the existing critical infrastructure protection regulations, standards and guidelines applied worldwide as well as a review on the surveillance, detection and alert systems/sensors applied for the security of Widezones.
• Development and distribution to the ZONeSEC end-users of a “Summary table of immediate causes of incidents/accidents per critical infrastructure”, containing a list of threats, hazards and risks that could be potential causes of accidents in Widezones.
• Development of the generic WP2 questionnaire. The questionnaire aimed at: (i) identifying end-users’ current situation and needs on standardization and regulations, legislation, ethics and societal issues, (ii) identifying and analyzing the existing technologies applied for the surveillance of end-users Widezones as well as the new ZONeSEC technologies end-users are interested in integrating, (iii) assessing the priority use cases that end-users are interested in addressing and (iv) assessing the adequacy of Security and Safety Management Systems applied by end-users’ companies.
• Interviews with ZONeSEC end-users (site visits, meetings and teleconferences).
• Development of a list with 45 indicative use cases/scenarios considering possible scenarios that are already addressed in end-users actions plans so as to identify potential gaps and other supplementary priorities that should be addressed in ZONeSEC.
• Development of the “User Requirements” document (annex to D2.1)
• Identification of the main hazards/threats/risks that threaten the integrity of Widezones critical infrastructures as well as identification of risk and vulnerability issues based on the approach applied for the implementation of a safety/security management system. A semi-quantitative and a Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) analysis were performed for specific threats and critical infrastructures. The exemplified results were presented to the consortium.
WP3: The tasks and activities expected for these first months and related to collecting information from end users about the existing systems, identifying COTS and specifying the new sensors have been accordingly performed, and the result of this work has been included in the deliverable D3.1. This good progress of the activities has helped in preparing and developing the PoC e.g. thanks to the early availability of prototype versions of some of the new sensors, although the final ones will be developed within WP3 in the following months.
In return, the need for an early definition of data structures and communication interfaces for the development of the PoC has been very helpful in order to start clarifying the concept of Security Capillaries and has provided a valuable feedback to be taken into account for the final definition of the Data Models.
WP4: The work has started and is progressing as planned. In detail the main advances performed are:
• UAVs: An analysis of the initial ADIT UAVs, system specification’s baselines were identified in order to be used as the fundamental base to build the Mini UAV platforms to be used in the ZONeSEC project. Furthermore, payload design and telemetry integration upon the outcomes of D4.1 have been started. Several payloads dedicated to navigation or mission were evaluated in order to be integrated on the ZONeSEC Mini UAV platforms as the procurement of one airborne payload was foreseen in the project.
• Radar systems:
o A mathematical base for the estimation of radar system parameters in order to fulfil certain specifications was set.
o The definition and the design of the waveform that will be used for the transmission of electromagnetic waves was performed.
o A plan for the characterization of the performance of the final radar demonstrator was derived.
o A power limiter based on diode power detector and large MOS transistor switched was designed.
o A low noise amplifier (LNA) based on distributed “Travelling Wave” amplifier concept was designed.
o A frequency down-converter Gilbert Cell (Mixer) was designed
o A frequency doubler was designed based on a Gilbert Cell mixer principle, where the LO signal is fed with the amplified (to 0 dBm) RF signal
o RF switches were designed based on simple differential pair topologies, whereas the tail current is switched by series and parallel NMOS devices
o Selection and acquisition of suitable SiGe BiCMOS technology for the frequency synthesizer Integrated circuit. In order to meet the ultra-broadband requirements the SiGe IBM BiCMOS8HP 130 nm technology has been selected.
o A Top-Level System based on a phase-locked-loop-concept has been designed in order to operate at an ultra-broadband frequency range from 4 GHz up to 20 GHz while still be able to generate continuous frequency chirps of 2 GHz to 4 GHz
o Design and Layout of the three voltage controlled oscillators (VCO), which are the most important and performance defining components of the frequency synthesizer.
o Design and simulation of multiple capacitive shunt RF-MEMS switches and capacitive serial RF-MEMS switches for high power handling.
o Selection of the best RF-MEMS switch candidate for the High Power SPNT functions based on RF-MEMS switches.
o Mask drawing of the selected single RF-MEMS switch for fabrication and intensive characterisation.

WP5: The main outcomes of WP5 are summarized in:
• Acquisition of sample video data (visible spectrum) from ATTD for the early development of our intelligent detection algorithms on illicit behaviour
• Acquisition of sample sensor data on physical fences from TEK for the development of our detection algorithms on disturbances in widezones
• Acquisition of sample airborne drone remote data(Visible spectrum) from ATTD
• Regular discussions on the SDAIM modular architecture with WP5 partners and others form the technical WPs (WP3, WP4, WP6, WP7, WP8) and how it can be connected to the overall Zonesec system. This led to an early contribution of our WP5 fence disturbance detection module integration in the early Zonesec Proof of Concept software for the plenary meeting in November 2015.
• Development of early detectors in the visible spectrum using in situ video data surveillance in motorways.
• Development of early detectors of disturbances around fences using in situ accelerometers

WP6: The expected activities for the first two months of this work package have been successfully fulfilled. Partners have attended the meetings/discussions and have identified their potential roles. The work has been split into subtasks so as to enable better work assignments and effective monitoring of the activities. At an early stage, interdependencies with other WPs have been identified and preliminary technical decisions have been made, in agreement with the involved partners. In Specific:
• After reviewing the current status of the ZONESEC system architecture, a conceptual drawing of WP6 communication architecture has been derived
• Security aspects have been identified and specified
• Uniform data exchanges have been broken down into subtasks and requirements were derived.
WP7: The following technical advances were achieved during the first period of the project:
• Internal meetings and discussions about WP7 architecture were performed together with an extended review of other EU projects architectures. A first version of input and output connections to the SIMISAW have then been defined, specifying also the various data types.
• Provision of satellite maps of the ACCI control centre to the COP and modifying low level application engine to be able to provide geo localized 3D models into the scenario editor.
• Provision of a first draft visualization module with main features:
o A global overview of the monitored area with satellite map and geo localized sensors and alerts.
o The list of events (sensors status changes, alerts ...).
o The list of incidents.
• A list of devices and alerts types were identified in order to define the best representation of this information onto the COP
• DXT started to port their low level libraries to mobile systems (like IOS or android) in order to provide a mobile application.
• Specification of a mechanism to prepare datasets necessary for incident simulation on demand.
• Investigation on the crowd simulations needs
• Initiation of the work in scenario editor by collecting necessary information from the INDIGO project and evaluating the available data from its INSCAPE scenario authoring system.
• Initiation of the SIMISAW databases activities by checking the typology of data that will be available to build pilots’ mock-up and scenario database.
WP8: During this period the main effort has focused on:
• Preparing the state-of-the-art in terms of current technologies, tools, platforms etc. This exercise has been performed taking into acountthe information included in the DoW, the information collected during the technical meetings. The main outcome of this period was the SOTA section that will be included in deliverable “D8.1 - Initial ZONeSEC Architecture design”.
• Designing the initial ZONeSEC architecture.
• Implementing the ZONeSEC platform to cover the requirements identified for the two use cases designed for the PoC.
WP10: To summarise the work of this WP, the data gathering (via desk research) on the psychological mechanisms regulating the perception and acceptance of monitoring/control of Widezones was performed, as well as analysis of legal documents and literature on protection of data and privacy (Deliverable 10.1 and D10.9). Moreover, a self-assessment questionnaire was prepared and distributed to partners and end-users, to assist in the evaluation and monitoring process within their institutions in regards to the respect of ethical norms. ISIG sent the questionnaire and collected all responses, following responses analysis and report, the results from this evaluation will be delivered as per DoW.
Additionally, and in line with the DoW, desk research on legislation concerning data management and privacy protection within the EU, on legal frameworks regulating privacy for monitoring in the sector of public security in public spaces has been started. ISIG started an analysis of legal documents, reports, recommendations and single policies issued by EU and EU Member States. The Ethical Management of the project was developed and presented in D10.9.
WP11: The 1st year of the project was a year of “exploration” of the technological scene that will set the reference to which the project will compare and the regulatory and standardization landscape observed by the key stakeholders who are also project partners. Within this context the WP11 has advanced significantly by identifying the regulatory and the standardization landscape in secure technologies from a perspective related to devices, technologies, processes and methodologies with respect to surveillance of Widezones. The results were recorded in the main two deliverables D11.1 and D11.2 about regulatory framework and standardization, respectively. We have also set the ground for the initiation of the CEN-WS workshop and established communication with national authorities to help us understand what is expected and when to successfully undertake the performance of the Workshop.
WP12: The involved partners have already initiated the design and development of the EU-WSRT Toolkit through the preparation of an internal report that provides the big picture of the envisaged EU-WSRT system, while asking the feedback from the main users of this system which are the end-users of ZONeSEC Consortium. The outcomes of this direct communication with the end-users will formulate the main functional requirements that the system should have and the development process will continue during the next months.
WP13: The main outcomes of WP13 during this period are the following:
• Progress has been made on the first draft of the ZONeSEC stakeholders’ community.
• First draft of the dissemination use plan has been delivered.
• ZONeSEC’s official website is up and running
Additionally some dissemination activities have been done:
• EXO attended the Civil Protection Forum held in Brussels
• CPLAN participated in a conference about H2020 projects

Potential Impact:
The proposed solutions in ZONeSEC aim at benefiting the European countries for transnational applications. Widezone infrastructure is shared across countries in Europe and thus it is imperative that ZONeSEC will create a robust and more importantly a scalable system which provides the same level of overview and situation awareness across all involved parties from different countries.
ZONeSEC will achieve this by:
i. Assessing the AS-IS situation, identifying the existing gaps and providing solid solutions to them.
ii. Driving standardization of proposed systems and prototypes.
iii. Defining a common ground for the surveillance of Widezones in different countries and covering diverse application domains for surveillance and security.
iv. Establishing a surveillance system of systems that will interoperate on accessing and delivering flow of information and knowledge for a large number and type of surveillance communities across countries.
v. Test and evaluate its capabilities in a transnational pilot application covering the needs of gas supplies with pipelines shared across PanEuropean countries.
Improving interoperability is also one of the main targets of the project.
The scalability of the system will be guaranteed by a strong backbone service infrastructure with an advanced knowledge base that enables the expansion system’s management of large volumes and heterogeneity of observation data and streams.
For nationally-contained crisis events the ZONeSEC platform will provide a solution that will be able to liaise seamlessly with the existing surveillance systems and infrastructure that are already in place; ZONeSEC will be adapted according to the existing national standards and processes, while at the same time keep an outlook for a pan-European uniform approach.
ZONeSEC will provide a system of systems with choreographed services for best performance across the whole geospace of the Widezones surveillance operations. Multi-national teams and first responders will participate through shared access to monitoring resources, detection and alerts. This increase in efficiency of operations along with the security of the involved personnel will assure the security of the citizens through advanced means of large scale disseminations of alerts.
ZONeSEC will also make use of the modern approaches in the standardization framework by following a double path aiming at pushing the adoption of new standards accommodating the results of ZONeSEC outcome: the conventional process through the Technical Committees of the European Standardization Organizations, namely CEN/CENELEC and ETSI, as well as the industrial-driven approach through the CEN/CENELEC Workshop Agreement and/or ETSI Industrial specifications. This prenormative process has been already demonstrated by the ZONeSEC partners as optimum option for the type of projects like ZONeSEC and it is a guarantee that the “typical never ending promise” of new standardization results, can be certainly achieved within the time frame of the research project by following the proposed approached of ZONeSEC. The ultimate goal is to support the creation of EU wide standards for secure technologies, processes and methodologies associated to monitoring, supervising, controlling Widezones.
ZONeSEC also envisages the creation of a level playing field for the European Industry by means of building on:
i. The accumulated knowledge and delivered results of numerous Research and Development projects.
ii. The deep understanding of the shortcomings and inefficiencies of currently employed systems.
iii. The mapping and ultimately bridging of the significant differentiating factors in the tackling of the Widezones surveillance issue among different countries and industries.
iv. The creation of the EU-WSRT that is a major deliverable of the proposed work.
v. The strong participation of the key Industrial players from the European Market (ATOS, EADS, THALES).
vi. The involvement of a representative set of end-users that bring to ZONeSEC the much needed diversity both in terms of technology, geography and domain of application.
vii. The capacity of leading research institutions from different European countries.
viii. The strong links with the standardizations bodies to ensure the creation of consistent and coherent approaches.
ix. The heavy investment in driving societal, ethical and regulatory research that will guarantee:
a. The acceptance of the proposed framework by the society.
b. Its alignment with the European agenda for the Security of the Citizens.
Finally, ZONeSEC will deliver value in a clearly monetizable manner as well. This will be mainly achieved in two fashions: 1) savings on damages avoided from the early detection of illicit activities and 2) cost savings and economies of scale on infrastructure by defining a common base line for the surveillance of Widezones in theEuropean Union.
ZONeSEC will be able to detect illicit activities that might lead to threatening circumstances, thus minimizing their impact on the economy. Accidents such as that of Natural gas pipeline, Ghislenghien (Belgium) 2004 or LPG pipeline near Ufa (USSR) 1989, can be reasonably expected to be prevented saving both human lives and avoiding disruptions in the local and national economies. Furthermore, ZONeSEC will enable cost savings at a greater scale since the surveillance needs of Widezones will be homogenized across EU-28. This can be seen in a four-fold manner:
i. ZONeSEC’s robust, modular and extensible architecture will allow all potential end-users to easily accommodate the required components, irrespective of the sophistication, size and complexity of their existing systems.
ii. The introduction of the DirectSIM framework from the military domain into civilian applications will provide an unprecedented ability to decision makers, to simulate available systems against different illicit activities and threats in view of assessing their suitability and performance before the any actual procurement.
iii. The harmonization of surveillance procedures and the establishment of a supporting interoperable framework will further promote cost savings especially in a cross-border and transnational perspective.
iv. Ensuring the ZONeSEC will be designed and operated in alignment to the European societal values and code of ethics, will reduce the vandalisation of its components as a result of non-conformance or non-acceptance.

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