Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Periodic Report Summary 1 - PRO-BONE (Effect of a program of short bouts of exercise on bone health in adolescents involved in different sports)

Osteoporosis, which literally means “porous bone”, is a common condition which makes bone weak, brittle and more likely to break. This progressive illness is difficult to treat and so prevention is considered to be the most effective approach. There is a great deal of evidence that some forms of exercise support the development of strong bones because the strain put on bones causes them to become more dense (osteogenic). Activities that include running and jumping, for example football or basketball, are thought to be osteogenic. However, sports which do not put this strain on bones, such as cycling or swimming, are not thought have an osteogenic effect. Further research is needed to investigate whether added short bouts of weight-bearing (osteogenic) exercise can be used to help strengthen bones for people who only do non-osteogenic exercise. Plyometric jump training (PJT) has been suggested as a good way of strengthening bones in teenagers.

The proposed research will provide important data about the association between a simple, feasible and inexpensive plyometric jump training and bone health in adolescents engaged in different sports. In addition, it will show if the effect of this intervention also differs between sports, expecting a greater effect in cyclists and swimmers than footballers.
The present “Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (MC CIG)” has allowed Dr. Gracia-Marco to further investigate bone outcomes within the Department of Sport and Health Sciences (University of Exeter). His research adds novelty to the current physiology, psychology and biomechanical research areas in his Department and opens a window for collaboration with different institutions. To date, Dr. Gracia-Marco is successfully supervising MSc Dimitris Vlachopoulos (PhD student) and collaborating with researchers from Iceland, Spain, Greece and Canada thanks to MC CIG. Dr. Gracia-Marco is using the PRO-BONE study to develop teaching sessions at both Undergraduate and Postgraduate level at University of Exeter. In addition, outcomes from the PRO-BONE study are being disseminated both nationally and internationally.

Reported by

United Kingdom


Life Sciences
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