Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Periodic Report Summary 1 - ORIGINS (Recommendations for Reliable Breeder Documents Restoring e-Passport Confidence and Leveraging Extended Border Security)

Project Context and Objectives:
The project ORIGINS aims to study the security of the extended border and more particularly passport breeder document security. The underlying idea of ORIGINS is to improve the security and therefore to restore the confidence in the application process and issuance of e-passports, by filling the gaps in security of breeder documents. Indeed, while some assurance approaches have been implemented in a few countries, they remain insufficient to provide breeder documents in complete security and trustworthiness at a time when this is increasingly necessary.
This project will therefore investigate exhaustively the current state of passport breeder documents requirements and issuing practices in Member States/Associated Countries. The identification of common security gaps will lead to the recommendation of possible solutions to overcome the security weaknesses in breeder documents. The project will provide support for issuance bodies and border control communities. It will also promote the standardisation of breeder documents by creating a dedicated working group at a European level.
These objectives will be achieved through the establishment of a strong networking environment between key actors in the sector (passport breeder document and e-passport communities, border control community, ministries, industry, SMEs, universities, NGOs, the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, etc.), exchange and dissemination of good practices between relevant communities, the definition and organisation of joint or common initiatives, meetings, conferences, events and with an appropriate management of the action. Broad communication and dissemination actions will be undertaken throughout the project lifecycle. At the same time, it is expected that ORIGINS’ results will continue to live beyond the end of the project, in particular via think-tank groups built during the project, standardisation groups and the implementation of ORIGINS’ recommendations.

Project Results:
The project has started with more than one month delay and focused during this first period on the main initial task of the project, namely WP2. During this period, all the partners have contributed to identify passport breeder document life-cycle stakeholders and prepare and collect harmonized information from interviews. This task revealed more complex than expected and initially planned in the workplan. A complete description of the work achieved during this period is included in the attachement. However the project was launched and other tasks covering the whole lifetime of the project have been able to start, with the limitations coming from the lack of inputs from WP2.
WP3 and WP4 were the two workpackages the most impacted by the delay coming from WP2. But other workpackages such as WP6 on standardisation, WP7 on ethical, legal and societal issues or WP8 on dissemination also suffered from this lack of inputs. Some achievements have been made possible in those 3 WPs however, and first results on the analysis of the privacy and data protection framework relevant for technology solutions in breeder documents issuance have been provided; the work required for launching the work item Inside CEN TC 224 has been initiated with a corresponding strategy report; at last, some partners have participated to some conferences in Europe in order to disseminate and promote the ORIGINS project. Such events were also useful to get interesting contacts for the interview process.

Potential Impact:
At the end of the project, ORIGINS will have analysed the current issuance of breeder documents used for passport delivery, identify security loopholes in this process, propose adequate security measures and processes to enhance the security of breeder documents. These objectives will be achieved through a respect of the privacy of European and non-European citizens, applying from the very start a privacy-by-design concept. The results will include proposal for standards and also may require the use of biometrics in managing reliable national or European register of births, marriages and deaths. Finally they will contain security measures and processes for issuing, transmitting, using and archiving.

Through a detailed investigation and assessment of the security gaps in the breeder document issuance process, recommendations and solutions will be proposed to redress the gaps in a EU/Schengen perspective, aiming to improve the EU overall issuance and inspection environment.
The project will promulgate and disseminate the results through current international conference related to breeder documents, the European standardisation process as well as ICAO standardisation activities. Specific activities will address cost-effective training and communication methods.
It is expected that ORIGINS’ results will continue to live beyond the end of the project, in particular via think-tank or standardisation groups built during the project. These groups will be able to continue the work initiated in ORIGINS, while the consortium may be the advisor to the Commission. The implementation of ORIGINS’ recommendations can be envisioned through possible future EU projects, and can be seen as a strong market opportunity for the EU industries and SMEs involved in the breeder documents and e-passports area. Eventually ORIGINS Advisory Board and end-users can push for legal initiatives and European regulations, allowing for the implementation of the project’s recommendations.

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