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Periodic Report Summary 2 - LATINCROP (An integrated strategy for the conservation and use of underutilized Latin American agrobiodiversity.)

Project Context and Objectives:
The WP1 (Management and coordination) primary objectives are to ensure an effective management of the project as well as act as the focal point for communication with the EC. These objectives are handled by the Coordinator institution P1 University of Copenhagen, by the project coordinator, the project manager and the UCPH EU office.
WP2 (Identification and characterization of genetic resources of the selected crops) main tasks are to identify and characterize the genetic resources of the crops selected in this project. All project partners contributed to a systematization of information on the relationship between ex situ and in situ conservation of prioritized crops in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru.
In WP3 (Development of sustainable commercial use of selected crops) the Latin American partner institutions have worked to conserve the traditional knowledge of the agrobiodiversity in the farming communities where the underutilized crops are produced.
In WP4 (Dissemination and networking), all of the partners have contributed to the objectives. P8 (UNAP) has participated in many activities for the development of regional laws, and P9 (INIAP) has participated in various meetings about the implementation of a biodiversity law in the National Assembly in local government plans. MPB, with technical support from P6 Proinpa Foundation, have demonstrated to farmers the potential of their products, through demonstrations, tastings and development of recipes to promote the products.

Project Results:
Since the beginning of the project in 2013, WP1 has organised the kick-off, first annual and steering committee meetings. In addition has a Danish stakeholder forum meeting has been held. Between the physical meetings WP1 ensures that communication is kept between the partners and that deadline is met with regard to the scientific and the financial reporting. Contact with the PO in the EU commission regarding changes in the consortium also belongs to the task of WP1.
Between 2003 and 2010, 33 accessions and varieties of quinoa, 19 of canahua and 57 of amaranth, were reintroduced in 16 communities in the highlands of La Paz, and in 4 communities in the valleys of Cochabamba, Chuquisaca and Potosi. Furthermore, an ethnobotanical characterization was carried out on 8 accessions of arracacha, 11 of yacon and 5 of isano in the department of La Paz. In Ecuador, between 2013 and 2015, INIAP managed to introduce 57 varieties of quinoa, amaranth, lupine, oca, mashua, jicama and arracacha, in 8 communities in the province of Chimborazo and 11 communities in the province of Imbabura. In Peru, UNAP collected secondary information on the reintroduction of varieties of quinoa, kanihua, isano and lupine in the watershed of Lake Titicaca and; amaranth, arracacha and llacon in communities of Cajamarca, La Libertad and Cusco.
All the Latin American partners have contributed to WP3 and its tasks. At this point two deliverables due within this 2nd period have been submitted. One identifies the potential and novel uses of selected crops and wild relatives, and the second makes a strategy for conservation and exploitation; these have both been submitted. They refer to the systematization of information about traditional and potential uses for agro-biodiversity of selected crops and wild relatives.
Through Restaurant Gustu and Manq’a Schools, tastings from 5 varieties of isaño, 4 of yacón, 3 of arracacha and 2 of amaranth have been presented for P7 (MPB).
Gustu has direct contact with suppliers of LATINCROP crops, and the products have been supplied to Gustu weekly.
With the PROINPA Foundation and the UMSA’s Agronomy Faculty, MPB conducted exchange workshops between culinary professionals and producers of these 7 crops on new and traditional uses. Instructions in how to be a product supplier for a high quality restaurant was also provided.

In WP4 within the gastronomy task of the work package, P7 (Melting Pot Bolivia) together with P5 (UMSA), were able to perform an extended activity with consumers and have developed several recipes with the selected crops. P7 has created communication materials: brochures, roll-ups and banners, and have created important national and international publications in various kinds of media. Also P7 create important contacts to the list of stakeholders.
Together with Gustu and Manq'a, MPB has developed recipes for the cookbook: 6 from Gustu with quinoa, racacha, tarwi and quinoa and 4 with isaño from Manq'a.
UNAP has communicated and shared information with the Peruvian Gastronomic Association (APEGA), for revaluation and incorporate priority crops. P6 (PROINPA) has developed seven traditional recipes with the selected crops and seven publications on traditional and nontraditional dishes.

Potential Impact:
The coordination team is constantly working for improving the management of – and communication within the LATINCROP project and its various actors. A lot of initiatives for improving the internal communication and overcoming the language barrier have been taken and later implemented. Guidelines have been formed and shared, and during this 2nd project period the results are appearing.
In Bolivia, community seed banks are undergoing a process of consolidation in WP2, as an important part of the structure of the National System of Genetic Resources. PROINPA systematized information of two initiatives developed between 2005-2007 and 2012-2013, the first one with quinoa and canahua, and the second one with potato. In the case of lupine, isano, yacon and arracacha, UMSA conducted awareness workshops on the management, use and importance of implementing community seed banks. In Ecuador, INIAP consolidated three Bio-knowledge and Agricultural Development Centers (CBDA). In Peru, UNAP determined that in the Titicaca watershed of Puno, about 80% of agricultural production is in rural communities of the Aymara and Quechua cultures, where the management of Aynokas and Laymis (traditional systems of land management) constitute real community seed banks where in situ agrobiodiversity of Andean tubers and grains is conserved.
Based on the results that WP3 has achieved described above, Melting Pot of Bolivia with Gusto restaurant and Manq'a schools, and chefs UNAP with tourist hotels in Puno, Peru, tested dishes for the modern consumer, with the ultimate aim of producing two cookbooks of Andean cuisine novo, and reinstate the diet of rural families. The D3.3, establishment of conservation and exploitation strategies, is in the process of systematizing experiences. The results are shared with producer organizations, as well as public and private institutions, giving rise to activities on Andean grains, organic production, and reactivation of mashua in Peru. The next step is to strengthen producer organizations for joint niche markets under the integrated approach bioeconomy, culture and environment.
Partners have also participated in many dissemination activities such as fairs that include: P5 participated in the exchange between producers of Andean valleys and Yungas, Rural fair in South Yungas, "BIOBOLIVIA" fair, "Feria a la Inversa Tambo", “FONADAL” fair and "Feria Tambo"; P7 participated in the Nutritional, Gastronomic, and Productive Fair of Quinoa and P9 organized three agrobiodiversity and seed exchange fairs. Furthermore, P7 will help the market through creating new dishes with sub cultures and courses with restaurants and communities also develop alternative uses for selected crops P7 will also facilitate the exchange of qualified human resources, through internships, biodiversity fairs, courses, contests gastronomy and food innovations.

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