Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Final Report Summary - CAWRBP (Children and War: Resilience Beyond Programmes)

The theorisation of policies that have been directed at reintegrating ex-combatants showed that children born of war in Africa have been left out of DDR programmes by both state and non-state actors. Our study focused on policies that governmental and multinational agencies have applied in DDR after the civil wars in Sierra Leone [1991-2002], northern Uganda [1987-2006], eastern Congo [1998-todate] & Darfur [2004+]. We then identified children living in specific communities to explore their status within the prevailing social systems of groups they live and associate with. The results of these case studies were then reviewed against policies that were used for reintegrating ex-combatants in post conflict African communities. This led to the development of a set of guidelines for the social integration of CBOW.

During the return phase (2015/2016), which was hosted by All Saints University Lango, these guidelines were tested and refined in northern Uganda. Findings have been documented in a series of articles that are being peer-reviewed for publications in Journals of social sciences.

The project has suggested a framework or set of guidelines to inform the social integration of CBOW as part of post conflict reconstruction in African countries with a history of children born of rape and sexual exploitation during armed conflicts. Dr. Apio’s study findings suggested that CBOW among most African societies faced difficulties negotiating their way through patriarchal customary doctrines of identity that such groups practice. Her exploration further demonstrated the complex web of influence that such customary policies and practices have on the prevailing formal legal systems of child rights nationally and internationally. Dr. Apio disseminated her findings in at least 10 (ten) high-level global meetings throughout 2015 and 2016.

Dr. Apio worked with Prof. Sabine Lee and Prof. John C. Oloa to ensure adherence to the ethical issues that were defined for this study. Prof. Lee was the primary advisor to the project and continued to play that role alongside Prof. Oloa during the return phase in northern Uganda.

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