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Bin2Grid Report Summary

Project ID: 646560

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Bin2Grid (Turning unexploited food waste into biomethane supplied through local filling stations network)

Reporting period: 2015-01-01 to 2016-06-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Each year around 2.7 billion tonnes of waste are generated in Europe (Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe). Consequently, turning waste into resource is one of the major goals for EU in time to come. On average, 500 million people living in the EU produce around half a tonne per capita of household waste (municipal solid waste) every year.
Compared to 2000, 4% less waste has been generated in 2010. Total generation of municipal waste in EU-27 (Eurostat 2000 and 2010) is presented in Figure 1. In the last 20 years EU waste policy has evolved and, by strict compliance with waste management hierarchy, development of long-term waste strategies is necessary.

In the EU alone, 90 million tonnes of food waste is produced every year or around 180 kg per person. Having in mind that around 40% of biowaste in the EU still goes to landfill (Future steps in biowaste management in European Union) and in some Member States that number is up to 100%, biogas from biowaste, food waste especially is promising renewable source of energy. The EU waste composition is presented in Figure 2 (Biowaste workshop, Brussels 2006).
Biowaste, by definition used in the Waste framework Directive (2008/98/EC) is: biodegradable garden and park waste, food and kitchen waste from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises and comparable waste from food processing plants. Thr Directive also emphasises separate collection of biowaste, but does not make it mandatory.
Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste (Landfill directive) postulates diversion of biodegradable municipal waste from landfills in 2016 to 35% of the amount of biowaste landfilled in 1995. Member States which relied heavily on landfill in 1995 have a four year extension period. The largest producers of biowaste by percentage are presented in the figure 3 (EUROSTAT 2006).
All EU members have adopted the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) which aims at achieving by 2020 a 20% share of energy from renewable sources in the EU's final consumption of energy and a 10% share of energy from renewable sources in each Member State's transport energy consumption.

It is estimated that about one-third of Europe`s 2020 goal for renewable energy in transport could be met by using biogas produced from biowaste and around 2% of the EU`s overall renewable energy target could be met if all biowaste were turned into energy. Therefore this project fits into the goals set by EU for renewable energy usage. Also, accent is on significant saving potential of greenhouse gas emissions by usage of biogas from organic waste as an energy source. Therefore, biogas from municipal organic waste in form of compressed natural gas results in 80% of typical greenhouse gas emission savings. In order to achieve the EU´s sustainability long-term goals, it is crucial to provide support and implement measures to enable continuous development of the number of compressed natural gas (CNG) refuelling stations, vehicles and upgrading units to produce and inject biomethane into the natural gas grid.

There were around 1.6 million CNG vehicles in Europe at the end of 2011 representing 0.38% of European market share ( Also, there are around 3,000 refuelling CNG stations in the EU ( The concept of energy utilisation of biowaste, proposed in the Bin2Grid project, could significantly increase the total production of renewable fuels in EU.

The aim of the project is to combine the potential of two different sectors: waste management and renewable energy production, where project activities are covering all chains of the proposed Food Waste to Biofeuel (FWtB) concept: supply (waste producers, waste management, and biofuel production), and demand (biofuel distribution through filling stations networks).
Different activities and events are foreseen in order to support the elaboration of FWtB concepts in the target cities. The FWtB value chain of the Bin2Grid project is presented in figure 4.

The overall objective of Bin2Grid project is to promote segregated collection of food waste as energy source, its conversion to biogas and upgrade to biomethane. Within Bin2Grid 4 European target cities are supported for the production and distribution of biomethane and its usage as a biofuel for transport:
• City of Zagreb (Croatia),
• City of Skopje (MK FYR),
• City of Malaga (Spain),
• City of Paris (France);

During the implementation of the project more than 100 events, including workshops, working group meetings, study tours and other dissemination activities will be implemented in order to elaborate four FoodWaste-to-Biofuel (FWtB) concepts for the target cities. The objectives of the Bin2Grid project are:
• 4 Feasibility studies on sustainable food waste management in the target cities
• Focus of the feasibility studies will be: Food Waste Assessment, Waste Management strategies, Technical Analysis, Management capability, Financial Analysis, Economic Impact and Conclusions and Recommendations
• 3 study tours in the WtB chain for representatives of the cities
• The target groups participating in the study tour are representatives of the target cities and the waste management companies as well as other stake holders and Bin2Grid partners and representatives of other European cities
• 24 Food Waste Working group meetings
• Working groups (WG) will be consisted of Bin2Grid city representatives and waste management companies
• 4 Concepts on food waste management in target cities
• 4 Case-studies on filling stations network in target cities
• Organisation of 4 training courses on food and beverage waste management as energy source
• In each target city a dedicated training course will be organised to train the stakeholders about opportunities to produce biogas/biomethane from food and beverage waste
• Implementation of 4 promotional campaigns in the target cities
• In cooperation with associations of the food and beverage sectors, as well as with national biogas associations, a promotion campaign of sustainable food and beverage waste management will be organised in each target city, but also on national level
• Organisation of 4 pilot projects in cooperation with restaurants associations and municipal companies
• For every target city determination of potential food waste separate collection will be achieved with the implementation of a pilot projects
• 8 awareness campaigns (2 in each target city) will be implemented to increase the awareness on the benefits of separate waste collection: one among catering services the other one among residents
• Reduction in CO2 emissions associated with current fossil fuel consumption by increase in biofuel consumption in transportation vehicles by 30% in target cities
• 100 key players from 7 member states trained via an intensive training program
• 120 policy makers on local, national and European level reached with relevant amendments to current regional and national legislation on a enhancing biogas plants fed with industrial and household wastes in 7 target countries
• 250 target group members out of 6 member states and FYR Macedonia sensitised and informed about technical and non-technical barriers and the way to overcome them

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The 1st Periodic Report of the Bin2Grid project covers activities from Month 1-18 (1 January 2015 – 30 June 2016). At the Kick-off-meeting the work programme was clarified, as well as the roles of the partners. The partners agreed on many technical issues: process of project coordination, steering group members, food waste working group members, common presentation and dissemination material, etc.
In the period between the Kick-off meeting and the 1st Periodic Report (M1-M18) the consortium was strongly involved in the promotion of the FWtB concept in the target cities. During the first reporting period focus of the most of the project activities was on the waste management, where partners have implemented all of the planned Working group meetings (WP2). Due to the various project activities, issues regarding the sustainability in waste and energy sector were raised in target cities.
Main focus of the work in this period was the development of the FoodWaste-to-Biofuel concept in the target cities. For example, the conference in Paris, besides of promoting sustainable biowaste management (WP3), was a great opportunity to discuss on the highest level the main topics on how to implement legal obligation for source-separation of biowaste.
Also, activities in Zagreb resulted in preparation of concrete action plan towards the increase of the collected food waste amounts from the citizens through the system of source separation.
Specific activities are listed below:
• Organisation of the project meetings (Kick-off, 1st and 2nd Progress Meeting),
• Organisation of one study tour in France (WP2)
• Organisation of the several Food Waste Working Group in target cities (WP2)
• Mapping of food and beverage waste producers in target cities (WP3)
• Organisation of the conference on sustainable biowaste management in Paris (WP3 – images attached)
• Promotion campaign and training on sustainable food beverage waste management (WP3)
• Awareness campaigns on sustainable food waste management (WP4)
• Creation of pilot projects for separately food waste collection in target cities (WP4)
• Public survey on sustainable waste management (WP4)
• Development of the concept of satellite filling stations network (WP6)
• Benchmark tool for WtB concepts in target cities and beyond (WP7)
• Development of national biomethane strategies on biomethane grid injection (WP7)
• Creation of Bin2Grid YouTube channel and social network platforms (WP7)
• Successful cooperation with other projects and initiatives (WP8)
• Continuous project presentation and dissemination (WP8)

More details regarding the performed work in 1st period of the project for each work package are part of the report D1.2.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The main impact of the Bin2Grid project is the increase of the renewable energy production through sustainable management of food waste in target cities. The novel concept of this project is focused on organic waste management, involving all waste producers (food and beverage industry, catering service, and citizens), as well as a waste management companies.
The project aims to combine the experience of parties involved and investigate the potential of a renewable energy production in different EU countries.
In this sense, potential impact of the project is on:
• Improvements in urban waste management practice
• Job creation in the waste management and energy sector
• Improvement in innovation capacity and integration of new knowledge
• Effect on EU legislation

This concept of the Bin2Grid project has a high social-economic impact. This innovative approach will include all stakeholders that are integrated in current waste collecting and energy production (e.g. citizens, waste management companies, gas operators and distributors, etc.). The project activities are going beyond current practices with citizens and waste producers through the implementation of pilot project in each target city, where key actors at city level were also included.
The ambition of the project is to develop new environmental solution which will enhance green economy in urban areas. The implementation of new management schemes for urban biowaste will create a market for the biowaste and have positive impact on local economy. The significant impact on municipal waste management in EU is also from non-economic incentives (awareness and promotion campaigns) in order to encourage citizens and communities on source-separation of waste.

The project also promotes technologies for environmental-friendly food waste management practices, enabling biogas production and creating awareness and trust in the technology, as well as the sensibility on biogas/biomethane as a reliable energy source. Biomethane utilisation as a transportation fuel will have one of the crucial impact due to its significance and large number of benefits it provides.

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