Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


CARISMA Report Summary

Project ID: 642242
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.5.1.

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - CARISMA (Coordination and Assessment of Research and Innovation in Support of Climate Mitigation Actions)

Reporting period: 2016-08-01 to 2017-07-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Climate change mitigation consistent with the 1.5 or well below 2 degrees centigrade limits stipulated by the Paris Agreement requires major and coordinated efforts by a multitude of actors, in a world that in reality is deeply uncoordinated. For decades, the IPCC has been publishing widely-cited scenarios that show clearly that action needs to be taken sooner rather than later. The urgency is clear, but in practice, it is difficult to get climate mitigation going with the scope and at the speed needed. The question therefore is hardly which practices need to change or even which technologies ought to enter the mix. The question is how, in reality, we can get these mitigation options implemented.

The CARISMA project aims to, first, through effective stakeholder consultation and communication, achieve improved coordination and assessment of climate change mitigation options, to benefit research and innovation efficiency as well as international cooperation on research and innovation and technology transfer. Second, it seeks to assess policy and governance questions that shape the prospects of climate change mitigation options, and discuss the results with stakeholders and decision-makers to incorporate what can be learned for climate change mitigation.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The project started in February 2015. The first year and a half have been used to get methodologies in place, consult with other FP7 and Horizon 2020 projects to build an information platform on climate change mitigation research results from the EU that is to be continued beyond the CARISMA timeframe, and to consult with stakeholders and Policy and Business Advisory Board members on what are the most relevant current questions.

So far, the project has explored its objectives from five angles:

1) Research and innovation: Is EU and Member State research and innovation policy 2050-proof? Early results suggest that the top-3 technologies that the EU has funded in its R&D programmes since 2007 are bio-energy, CO2 capture and storage, and electric vehicles.
2) Assessment of technology: For key technologies for staying below the 1.5 degrees, what are the outcomes for technology assessment from an economic, life-cycle and social acceptance perspective? We look at bio-energy and CCS, Solar PV parks, offshore wind, smart grids and carbon dioxide removal through artificial trees.
3) Policy: What can telling case studies teach us on which policies work and which don’t? and how do policy-makers access information on policy? We present results of a survey on the use of policy databases.
4) Governance: What can decision-makers do to reduce or exploit the impact of contextual factors on the outcome of mitigation actions? Contextual factors include existing standards and regulation, cultural aspects, macro-economic environment. Decision-maker’s responses could be to make policies more robust to withstand potential negative impacts of such factors.
5) International cooperation: How can climate change mitigation benefit from international transfer of technologies and policies? R&D offshoring by EU companies could have positive and negative impacts on climate mitigation, but so far it seems like European companies implementing it are benefiting.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

An added aim of the CARISMA project is to assist other FP7 and Horizon 2020 projects in the field of climate change mitigation to disseminate their results more effectively, by giving them access to stakeholders, advising on events, and translating research results from these projects to decision-maker.

Moreover, after the Paris Agreement materialised in December 2015, the CARISMA project has reoriented some of its work on technology assessment and policy towards serving the policy and IPCC community looking into mitigation so that a 1.5 degrees limit can stay within reach.

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