Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


TAIS Report Summary

Project ID: 696800

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - TAIS (TES App Issuing Software)

Reporting period: 2015-11-01 to 2016-10-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The overall objective of the TAIS project is to develop and demonstrate an efficient way for councils to manage and implement HandHelds in the normal day-to-day operations of their Civil Enforcement Officers, by using existing technology which is cheaper and more efficient than older style systems that councils currently use.

There is an increasing need to charge for parking in urban environments and the benefits include:

• Increase in space turnover leading to easier access to spaces.
• Reduces number of spaces required to meet demand, leading to less development cost.
• Encourages long-stay parking outside the Central Business Districts (CBD), helping to make town centres more attractive.
• Reduces other problems: congestion, pollution and energy consumption.
• Generating revenue to pay for space provision and road infrastructures or public transport.

The specific objectives (POs) of the project are to:

PO1. Identify and test the most suitable Mobile phone operating system with the longest battery life.
PO2. Identify and develop the best process for utilising the GPS on the phone to relay the signal on a minute by minute basis whilst reducing the battery consumption by 25%.
PO3. Use open cross-platform communication protocols to develop an API that will link into the Compliance Display Map (CDM).
PO4. Develop an Automatic Number Plate Reader that will allow real time look ups from a centralised database.
PO5. Develop an API that will link into Back Office of pre-existing suppliers with the minimum of effort and the lowest cost.
PO6. Identify and develop the best mechanism for robustness and ease of use that does not require the final users to have deep knowledge of the underlying IT infrastructure.
PO7. Develop a reporting algorithm that will monitor each transaction which will ensure accountability as well as Shortfalls where further training is required.
PO8. Develop a Control Panel usable by an Administrator which will ensure that all Data Protection issues are complied with and which can easily be exported to a third party in the event of an enquiry.
PO9. Reduce carbon footprint of “cruising vehicles” looking for parking by ensuring that over-stayers will vacate their parking bay on time due to possibility of enforceable action.
PO10. To increase the number of vehicles checked per hour by parking attendants by at least 300%.
PO11. To increase the accuracy of parking checks by attendants, thus reducing mis-reads by at least 30%.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

Workshops have been held with several local authorities that have registered an interest in using the technology. The events focused on understanding user requirements at all levels of use. Following this, the data was used to establish a set of end-user requirements which has guided the development of the technology.

Using the outputs from the workshops and reviews, a software specification was produced which details all the features and interface requirements. A test schedule for the software was completed which is designed to test the operation of the software at point of use and its interaction with other parts of the system. Refinements to this schedule are undertaken as appropriate following testing.

A Version 1 software package has been produced and tested using simulated data. The transmission times and monitoring of data accuracy has been undertaken and refined where necessary to ensure clarity of information and efficient system speed.

The system has been enhanced by the input of additional information from/to other data sources such as highway service departments who work closely with local authorities. This enables the sharing of information as issues arise resulting in much more efficient communications within local authorities and an increased efficiency in dealing with the issue.

A facility has been built into the system that checks for incorrect data and filters out mis-read data from APNR vehicles and prevents it reaching an operator assigned employed by authorities that process resulting fines. This addition ensures efficient use of an operator’s time.

A specification has been produced to ensure protection of the system through given protocols and various levels of security and security settings. The design of the application has been undertaken to show end-users how to navigate the system, in doing so, comments and feedback from end-users has been sought and modifications made where necessary.

A full test programme has been written to ensure a methodical and comprehensive assessment of the Version 1 system. This enables all users of the system to assess the functionality and provide sufficient feedback as to make further updates to the software. Subsequently the test programme has been followed and feedback received from the relevant stakeholders in the form of reports. All issues are minor and are in the process of being addressed. The changes will be released via an updated version of the software which will allow for the next course of development.

Particular attention has been given to the dissemination of the project. A dedicated website has been developed ( which gives an overview of the technology to interested parties. A schedule of dissemination at conferences and in relevant trade journals has been produced. The project has been presented at one major trade show (ParkEx) with significant interest shown by potential end-users. Press releases have been made and publications made in relevant trade journals.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The TAIS technology will fill several gaps in present technologies. In addressing these gaps, a technology will be delivered that allows integration with APNR enabled enforcement vehicles, take advantage of the latest communication platforms whilst remaining compatible with current operating systems, allow for real-time checks to virtual permit/cashless systems and allow total integration with back-office systems.

The TAIS technology will reduce the costs of devices by two-thirds. Data will be kept on a secure server, enabling download to replacement hand-held devices used by parking attendants.

The technology will be far more efficient than current soa devices resulting far greater speed and efficiency in vehicle checks by over 300%.

There will be improved parking compliance in districts using the technology. This will be achieved through a greater presence of enforcement officers who can process a far greater number of checks.

The average emissions level of a new car sold in 2014 was 123.4 g CO2/km4, older cars are higher than this. Over each year, cruising around to find parking spaces accounts to almost 3,000km per space5, resulting in related emissions of up to 0.4 tonnes CO2. Increased parking compliance can increase the availability of spaces, thereby saving significant amounts of emissions from vehicles in urban environments.

With an estimated 19 million on-road spaces in Europe, this accounts to 7.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year. Enforcing parking better will result in 20-30% additional availability of spaces, resulting in a potential saving of 1.9 million tonnes of CO2 per annum if TAIS was taken up in most EU cities. Finally, the COST report (COST Action 342 (2006) clearly concludes that unregulated free parking just results in places being occupied by workers for a long periods and not visitors, who have short term parking needs.

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