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COMBI Report Summary

Project ID: 649724
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.3.6.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - COMBI (Calculating and Operationalising the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency Improvements in Europe)

Reporting period: 2015-03-01 to 2016-08-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The COMBI project aims at quantifying the multiple non-energy benefits of energy efficiency together with the research partners University of Antwerp, University of Manchester, Copenhagen Economics and ABUD/Advanced Buildings and Urban Design, and is coordinated by the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. The multiple benefits of energy efficiency are gaining relevance in the research and the current policy discourse, but scientific evidence is yet scarce and scattered. Therefore, this project will gather existing approaches and evidence from the EU area, develop modelling approaches and come up with consolidated data on different benefits such as emissions (effects on health, ecosystems, crops, built environment), resources (biotic/abiotic, metals and non-metals), social welfare (disposable income, comfort, health), macroeconomy (labor market, public finance, GDP), and the energy system (grid, supply-side, energy security). Project reports and data will be accessible and customisable via an online tool. This requires the previous development of a synthesis/aggregation methodology. Finally, COMBI will apply findings for deriving policy recommendations.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

"State: October 2016

Report on the existing literature of methodologies and challenges of multiple benefits quantification (D2.1)
Elaboration of detailed list of (technical) energy efficiency improvement actions forming the basis for quantification (D2.2)
Input data (D2.3): extensive work on elaborating the necessary input data for WP3-7 impact quantifications. Draft available, finalisation and publication during November 2016.
Literature reviews on quantification methodologies for multiple benefit/impact categories (D#.1)
Quantification methodologies (D#.2): Drafts available from the project website.
Provision of quantified impacts (D#.3): internal drafts available, but still under development (not published)

Project communication & dissemination strategy (9.1): including main audiences, targeting strategy
Project identity developed (D9.2): Including project logo, fonts, colours, styles, templates
Project website online (D9.3):
Project newsletter (D9.4): Two project newsletters issued. Registration via project website
Publications (D9.7):

Widening the Perspective: An Approach to Evaluating the Multiple Benefits of the 2030 EU energy efficiency potential
Review article on COMBI methodologies in the proceedings of 2016 International Energy Policies & Programmes Evaluation Conference (IEPPEC)
Authors: Thema, J., Suerkemper, F., Thomas, S., Teubler, J., Couder, J., Mzavanadze, N., Bouzarovski, S., Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Chatterjee, S., von Below, D.

Measuring multiple impacts of low-carbon energy options in a green economy context
In: Applied Energy Special Issue ‘Toward a green energy economy: Choosing and assessing policy options targeting low-carbon energy systems’
Authors: Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Kelemen, A., Tirado-Herrero, S., Thomas, S., Thema, J., Mzavanadze, N., Hauptstock, D., Suerkemper, F., Teubler, J., Gupta, M., Chatterjee, S. (2016).

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The central final results of the COMBI project include an open-access online database with the quantified values of multiple benefits in Europe together with an online tool on the project website that will allow for their customised graphic display and analysis. This will be complemented by detailed reports on the research state (literature reviews), methodologies used for quantification and final results. As well, a policy report will draw on policy conclusions from the findings.

Impact on policy-making
Based on the quantification of multiple benefits for exemplary energy efficiency policies (e.g. based on a selected NEEAP, highly relevant policy instruments etc.), this project will provide a more comprehensive overview on effects of energy efficiency improvements and thus motivate policy-making authorities to design and implement more ambitious and cost-effective energy efficiency policies. As EU Member States will better understand macro- and microeconomic impacts of energy efficiency, this in turn may result in more effective energy efficiency policies in the future and help reaching the EU energy saving target.
In addition, in other than energy policy departments (e.g. health, economics, environment, social), interest in energy efficiency policy will be raised, as awareness of respective benefits increases.

Impact for research and evaluation
Today, the consideration of multiple benefits in policy evaluations is often not possible, due to highly complex modelling requirements and often limited resources devoted to evaluations and research. This project aims at deriving default values of the elasticities and other values to allow an easy estimation of multiple benefits for concrete measures. Respective data will be published open-access at the website for allowing further investigations of their implications for policy design or evaluation of existing policies by third parties. The methods and quantified values can be included in future evaluation models. The impact will be an increased consideration of multiple energy efficiency benefits in policy evaluations and impact assessments.

Impact on the public
For the interested public and especially NGOs and associations, the project provides valuable communication materials. These include reports and brochures with graphs, figures and rationales, as well as the website and online tool for customisable benefit assessments. The information will be useful for the public communication of multiple benefits and further advancement of energy efficiency improvements. The overall impact is a higher awareness and improved public image of energy efficiency and the respective policies.

Impact on industry/commerce
The project provides valuable information materials for the public communication of multiple benefits that will be useful for industry and commerce. The manufacturing industry of energy efficiency goods and services can use the materials for their public relation activities and for demonstrating the benefits. Furthermore, other industrial and commercial companies implementing energy efficiency measures in their facilities may be enabled to calculate the wider impacts of their investments and possibly improve their competitiveness.
In addition, research has shown that energy efficiency measures in commercial buildings can significantly raise productivity levels. This project will analyse this further and come up with respective figures. Enhanced knowledge on this issue can lead to increased awareness within commerce and further incentivise investments in the respective measures.
Other environmental and socially important impacts
This project explicitly focuses on environmental and social impacts of energy efficiency measures. Corresponding indicators include e.g. the material consumption, energy use for production and energy savings, pollution and eco-system impacts by technological measures. Social indicators include e.g. poverty alleviation, health effects and distributional issues. Considering the comprehensive environmental and social impacts, a more holistic view is created by the project.

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