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LeanShips Report Summary

Project ID: 636146
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - LeanShips (Low Energy And Near to zero emissions Ships)

Reporting period: 2015-05-01 to 2016-10-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

• To put innovations into practice by means of 8 demonstration actions that combine the technological possibilities for efficient and less polluting new and existing vessels with end users’ needs and requirements.
• “Hard” evidence on green technology reliability, impact on energy use and on emissions, and the economic gains to compensate for the necessary investments.
• The successful completion of the demonstrators in terms of functioning, performance with respect to the existing benchmark, impact achievement and market replication realisation.
Due to the financial situation of the then Demonstrator lead (OFOIL), the Demonstrator has to be terminated with partners O-FOIL and Dutch Cargo withdrawing from the Project. a new Demonstrator was included in the project as part of 1st Amendment, thereby maintaining the scope and objectives of the outgoing demonstrator and the project as a whole.
Due to the fluctuating fuel prices, the demo lead of WP 06 – NAV, was not able to get an order for the LNG Carrier demonstrator. Unfortunately, it was decided to terminate the demonstrator as a whole from the Project. Hence, the scope of the LeanShips project were to be changed with means to validate the innovations with 7 demonstrators.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

WP 01 • Setting up the Project Management Tool – EMDESK
• Communication with the European Commission to inform on the change requests from Partners (1st and 2nd Amendment)
WP 02 • Templates for “Lessons Learned” were developed and collected from the Demonstrators.
• The “Guide to Innovation” Platform was developed and is online
• All the LeanShips Deliverables were quality checked by the “Technical Quality Assurance” group.
WP 03 • LeanShips Public Project Website ( is online
• LeanShips Project Flyer was printed
• Updated the Exploitation, Dissemination and Business Plans of the Demonstrators
WP 04 • The first conceptual design for the CNG tug with Twin Fin was developed
• Scaled Model Tests and CFD calculations for the Twin Fin were executed
• Test engines were installed in bench and bench tests were executed
• HAZID study was performed with BV and IL&T
WP 05 • Literature review on Alcohol Fuels in Dual fuel operation of Compression Ignition engines was performed and presented at CIMAC
• An engine was selected for the conversion and has been mounted on the test bench
• Necessary changes for the cooling and fuel systems for the testing of the engine with Dual Fuel operation were implemented
WP 07 • Within the Wagenborg fleet, ships were shortlisted for retrofitting
• A Monte Carlo Evaluation Tool was developed to assess the Operational Profile and thereby the feasibility for retrofit, within the selected ships
• A Hybrid Scrubber System was retrofitted to the B-borg vessel of the Wagenborg fleet, along with necessary HAZID analysis with WP 07 partners.
WP 08 • ESDs are shortlisted for the “Selection and Feasibility” study for CPP
WP 09 • Preliminary propeller and rudder size for a 25000 DWT vessel was defined
• With Computational methods and Open Water tests (ice and free flow), the hull design optimisation was started and will continue in 2nd Period
WP 10 • Ship Energy System performances in terms of cogeneration efficiency have been evaluated for the “Integrated Efficiency” Demonstrator
• 14 different operational conditions were considered for the evaluation of the Energy Systems supporting quantitative analysis to exergy qualitative analysis.
• The case study ship – Victoria I for the “Decision Support System” demonstrator, has been analysed of its monitoring systems on board
• Additional sensors and systems for the monitoring process were identified and majority of the sensors and systems are installed on board.
• A Graphical User Interface (GUI) was developed to display the interactive route management, energy evaluation, evaluation module and other functionalities defined for the “Decision Support System”
WP 11 • Hydro Thermal Oxidation (HTO) – A Waste Management System with the HTO concept to handle a waste of quantitiy 3m3/day was designed and optimised. Major equipment required for the assembly of the Demonstrator are bought and are in the process of installation by LLT in collaboration with STX Fr.
• Conditioning of Waste (COW) – The Pre-design of the COW was developed in close collaboration with the Ship Owners. The Detailed design and engineering of the Pre-design will be continued in the 2nd Period. The Conditioning steps and the drying processes of the different fractions of the waste, were carried out to further optimize handling of the waste with alternative waste treatment systems.
• Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) – A preliminary design of the 200 kWel output ORC system was established. The preliminary layout of the ORC system was also developed to evaluate the space requirement of the system on board.
• Energy Storage Systems (ESS) – Investigations were carried out on the two case study ships for the ESS – Expedition & Destination, dealing with producing steam at 175°C, 130°C and cold storage considering state of the art Phase Changing Materials (PCM). Both the ships have heating networks at low temperatures (50°C), high temperature (90°C) and heat recovery from exhaust gases to produce steam at 175°C.
• Solutions for Emission Reductions (SER) – A concept of affordable, off-the-shelf retrofit and new building solutions to reduce PM emissions from exhaust gases was conceived. A technical concept for the reduction of particulate matter in the exhaust gas of HFO engines and a simulation tool for better understanding of the involved process were developed.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The expected impact of LeanShips Project during the start of the project was to validate the innovative technologies with the 8 demonstrators as listed in Figure 27.
After the 1st Amendment, a demonstrator was defined under WP 08. The expected impact of the new demonstrator “ESD for CPP Ships” were updated and the expected impact of the LeanShips demonstrators were defined as per in Figure 28.
After the 2nd Amendment (in progress), the demonstrator no.6 – Efficient LNG Carrier has to be withdrawn from the project. With it, the updated expected impact of the LeanShips project with 7 demonstrators is listed in Figure 29.

The plan for dissemination of the project results is still up-to-date and meets the expectations and requirements of the LeanShips project. The dissemination plan is stepwise developed and in general follows the dissemination plan and communication strategy for external target audiences as described in the DoA. During the first period, a variety of dissemination activities was carried out by the project consortium to address the respective stakeholder groups that were identified as crucial for LeanShips.
As with the dissemination plan, the Exploitation and Business Plans are in the line with the description in the DoA. The demo case leaders with support from their demo case partners provided first exploitation and business plans for their individual demo cases. Further updates will be provided during the project when more results from the LeanShips demonstrators become available.

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