Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


X2Rail-1 Report Summary

Project ID: 730640
Funded under: H2020-EU.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - X2Rail-1 (Start-up activities for Advanced Signalling and Automation Systems)

Reporting period: 2016-09-01 to 2016-12-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

X2RAIL-1 addresses the S2R-CFM-IP2-01-2015 “Start-up activities for Advanced Signalling and Automation System” call issued by the Shift2Rail (S2R) Joint Undertaking as part of the Innovation Programme 2 “Advanced Traffic Management & Control Systems”.

The overall objective of Shift2Rail projects is to contribute to a more competitive and resource-efficient European transport system with a view to addressing major societal issues such as rising traffic demand, congestion, security of energy supply and climate change.
Hence, Shift2Rail activities focus on these three top level objectives:
-Create the Single European Railway Area.
-Enhance the attractiveness and competitiveness of the European railway system.
-Help the European rail industry to retain and consolidate its leadership on the global market.
The expected outcomes of the Shift2Rail activities aim to improve services and customer quality, increase capacity, increase reliability, reduce lifecycle costs, enhance interoperability and simplify business processes for all four rail market segments: high-speed and intercity passenger rail, regional passenger rail, urban/suburban passenger rail and rail freight.

The Shift2Rail Innovation Programme 2 (IP2) focuses on control, command and communication systems and tackles the aforementioned Shift2Rail objectives. These include evolving requirements for new functionalities and to expand the level of standardization in an increasingly challenging economic climate. Thus, the overall IP2 challenge is to increase functionalities of the existing signalling and automation systems and related design and validation processes providing a more competitive, flexible, real-time, intelligent traffic management and decision support system, whilst addressing all four market segments and maintaining backward compatibility to the existing European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) and especially its European Train Control System component (ETCS).

X2RAIL-1 addresses the first six out of eleven research and development work streams within the Shift2Rail IP2 in line with the Shift2Rail Multi Annual Action Plan (MAAP).

The X2Rail-1 project aims to research and develop six selected key technologies to foster innovations in the field of railway signalling and automation systems, as part of a longer term Shift2Rail IP2 Strategy towards
a flexible, real-time, intelligent traffic management and decision support system. The actions to be undertaken in the scope of X2Rail-1 are related to the following specific objectives:
 To overcome the limitations of the existing communication system by adapting radio communication
systems which establish the backbone for the next generation advanced rail automation systems.
 To improve the usable track capacity by introducing more Automatic Train Operation (ATO) systems and
Moving Block systems.
 To innovate the signalling architecture towards a more decentralized and less cost intensive system by
incorporating Moving Block systems and Smart Wayside Objects.
 To minimize energy consumption and to improve train punctuality through more extensive use of
Automatic Train Operation (ATO) systems.
 To increase innovation in the field of lab testing by developing architectures for new lab test systems and
simulations for control, command and communication systems in order to reduce costs.
 To increase security among all connected signalling and control systems by developing new cyber security
systems dedicated to railways.
 To ensure the backward compatibility of ERMTS/ETCS technologies, notwithstanding of the required
functional enrichment of the future signalling and control systems.

Future IP2 projects will start additional research and development work streams taking the results of this present
X2Rail-1 project and expand into further fields such as Traffic Management. These future projects will also allow
concepts developed in the phase of this X2Rail-1 project to be further implemen

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The Project was successfully launched.
The Coordinator acted as the intermediary for all communications, in the name of other X2RAIL-1 beneficiaries. The first deliverable was submitted to the JU: D1.1 Quality and Risk Plan.
Collaboration Agreements have been prepared for the signature with Open Call projects and other Shift2Rail projects.
The initial functional architecture for X2RAIL-1 has been prepared.
Regarding the Adaptable Communication System, the work has progressed on user requirements and the business model. Also, the specification of the Communication System started.
X2RAIL-1 has progressed also on the specification for ATO over ETCS solution with Grade of Automation (GoA) 2 based on an updated version of the Operational Requirements; and started the feasibility analysis and preliminary specification for a GoA3/4 solution.
An agreement on the scope of the Moving Block system were initiated:
• Systems based on Full Moving Block and on Fixed Virtual Blocks
• Systems with and without Trackside Train Detection
Agreement was also found on an approach by using Scenario Descriptions, followed by System Engineering modeling.
For Zero on-site testing, a questionnaire has been prepared and reviewed with the aim of assessing the status quo in field test benchmarking. A first draft of the system boundaries for the definition of the test process was prepared.
Within the WP Smart Wayside Objects, first analyses of existing lines, economic models, railway requirements and standards were drafted.
In the scope of Cyber Security, the security assessment started, including the identification and comparison of the different standards. Also, first activities were conducted on threat Detection, Prevention and Response as well as the definition of the scope and functional specification of the “Cyber Security System” demonstrator and the selection of the “security-by-design” standard.
The project identity, containing elements such as a project logo, templates for presentations and reports, as well as a brochure presenting the project have been created.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)


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