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MAPPING Report Summary

Project ID: 612345
Funded under: FP7-SIS
Country: Netherlands

Periodic Report Summary 2 - MAPPING (Managing Alternatives for Privacy, Property and INternet Governance)

Project Context and Objectives:
Building on the results of several EU FP7 projects including CONSENT (covering on-line consent and privacy in social networks), SMART and RESPECT (which cover smart and on-line surveillance, etc.) MAPPING's goal is to create an all-round and "joined-up" understanding of the many and varied economic, social, legal and ethical aspects of the recent developments on the Internet, and their consequences for the individual and society at large.

MAPPING specifically investigates and debates the existing innovation policies, business models and legal framework related to the implementation of the Digital Agenda for Europe and the changes needed to set up an improved governance structure for the EU innovation ecosystem. More specifically MAPPING looks at current issues in Internet Governance, Privacy, Personality and Business Models and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in an online environment.

The key to MAPPING's success is its planned mobilisation of a wide spectrum of ICT-related stakeholders and social actors from both EU Member States and other important international players, including academics, law and policy makers, ISPs, international and EU Internet governance bodies, NGOs, corporations and civil society organisations. The project provides these actors with a forum for informed discussion of issues related to the digital transition, such as problems of personal data and IPR protection online, business models and e-government applications based on the use of personal data, economic exploitation of IPRs and open innovation.

MAPPING will move to create a Road Map and put forward workable policy guidelines based on a multidisciplinary perspective on the latest and foreseeable developments in ICTs taking into account conflicting interests, perceptions and practices of different societal actors that shape the EU's technological future. MAPPING significantly contributes to creating an enabling framework for completing the digital transition and improving the innovation climate in the EU.

The primary objectives of the MAPPING project are to:
1. Provide fora for stakeholders where research meets practice for better coordination and utilisation of knowledge
2. Foster and contribute to the debate in the three focus areas of the MAPPING project: Internet Governance, privacy, personality and business models and intellectual property rights
3. Map Internet Governance: describing status quo and offering a platform for discussions, including desirable developments from a EU perspective
4. Chart right to privacy considerations in the development of business models using personal data
5. Refresh intellectual property rights debate: balancing exclusive rights with the interests of growth and innovation
6. Ensure public engagement: bringing science closer to society
7. Determine a Road Map for further engagement and learning.

Project Results:
MAPPING is designed around three thrusts:
a) people dimension: netizens seek remedies to their legitimate grievances in cases of breach of privacy, defamation, ID theft etc. Entrepreneurs also require remedies when their investment is unreasonably infringed upon;
The following activities were carried out in the 2nd reporting period of MAPPING (RP2: 31 August 2015 – 28 February 2017):
• D2.2 Guidelines on management of Dialogue and Participation was delivered and D2.3 First Draft of the Road Map was delivered after it was presented at the First General Assembly (FGA), Hanover, September 2015. Together with the results from the Second General Assembly (SGA), Prague, 31 October – 2 November 2016, this contributed to a shared approach concerning the challenges of Internet/society relations among MAPPING partners and to the engagement of relevant stakeholders.
• The Policy Observatory -was updated regularly during RP2. The Observatory contains 1,075 news items sorted, categorized and published news out of 95,585 news entered into the system (4,200 unique visitors by February 2017). Preparations for the Workshop on Policy Watch activities in June2017 back to back with EURODIG are well underway.
• The FGA and SGA (see above) were organized, both bringing together over 120 stakeholders. While the Extraordinary General Assembly (in Rome, 2014) was organised in order to mobilize and map stakeholders and to share the basic project visions, the FGA was aimed to reflect on the work of MAPPING since the start. The SGA offered a series of privacy-centric and data protection keynotes and panels.
• Thematic workshops focused on the 3 main areas of MAPPING were organised (see below).

b) space dimension: MAPPING uniquely tackles this dimension by including a deliberate (but not exclusive) focus on "parallel universes" (WP4 Internet Governance) examining the feasibility and desirability of mobilization of resources to create a part of cyberspace which features privacy-by-design (WP5 Privacy, Personality and Business Models) and other European values built into innovative technical solutions (WP6 Intellectual Property Rights).
The broad and rich exchange with corporate and CSO stakeholders in WP4 led to a better understanding of the issues relevant to governmental surveillance. In order to deliver on these issues and facilitate the process of developing solutions, work was started on a “legal instrument” which might result in soft or hard law covering governmental surveillance activities. Also WP5 and WP6 continued capturing the views and experiences of different stakeholders during the course of RP2. The work in WP 5 concluded that future actions need to transcend the thinking of privacy as a legal and/or a compliance issue. Ways to guarantee privacy via IT-security, as was shown in the D5.4 app competition that was also organized and carried out in RP2 - will need further exploration, and subsequently support of European privacy policy.
In furtherance of this dimension, 9 thematic workshops where organized in RP2:.
WP4: in Washington, New York, Malta, Groningen, Miami and Fort Lauderdale, to discuss possible technical and legal solutions to ensure that European values and fundamental human rights are properly respected. The meetings brought together almost 100 technical and legal experts from all over the world.WP5: in Malta, Prague and Hanover, addressing bitcoin and future scenarios of personal data use in commercial and non-commercial settings.

c) time dimension: mobilization and mutual learning in people and space dimensions must take place within a concurrent discussion framework with one eye constantly fixed on the speed and impact of technological progress and business/netizen adoption of those technologies.
MAPPING tackles the time dimension by running all WPs in parallel and organising several thematic meetings per year, which jointly feed into focused General Assemblies.

Potential Impact:
The project expects to achieve a number of results, inter alia,
a. Massive engagement of stakeholders on the three thematic foci of the MAPPING project. Various actors are being consulted and engaged in order to define in detail a shared approach to dialogue and participation activities over the issues of the project. The practice of a holistic strategy here is important, since it will continue to involve also actors who have hitherto not been prominently involved in the discussion over Internet Governance but who could still have something important at stake. The efforts of bringing together stakeholders involved in the three thematic foci - Internet Governance, privacy and IPRs - allows for both a focusing on one of the single issues and also a better overview of how the three themes converge. The activities of these three WPs will be essential for promoting an effective governance of the Internet and society relations, since they will be aimed at producing, over substantive issues, more compatible and shared points of view.

b. Policy Observatory by which to track the effects of policies on people, rights and remedies. The observatory will help in the promotion of a more sounded discussion, and it will also form the basis for challenging the points of view of the different stakeholders that will be called to participate. The activities carried out in this WP are essential for producing impacts on the governance of the Internet sector because governance is the objective of policies. Without a wide knowledge and discussion over the current policies and approaches, it is virtually impossible to produce long-lasting effects on the ways in which Internet and society relations are managed.

c. Road Map - The Road Map will be the plan of action proposed by MAPPING to European interlocutors. The document will contain: a. a description of the main open questions about the relationship between the Internet and society (relative to the aspects which focuses MAPPING); b. specific operative indications; c. some methodological suggestions about the implementation of these indications. The sources of the Road Map will be the documents produced by the different WPs and Annual General Assemblies.

d. Policy brief and Legal Instrument on Surveillance. The legal instrument as addresses above earlier will tackle the issues with a fundamental rights approach, with such as privacy and freedom of expression at the centre. It tries to give answers on how to regulate crucial questions in the area of surveillance; for example what surveillance data is, how it can and should be used, what principles apply to governmental surveillance, how systems should be deployed and how their use should be monitored, what kind of remedies are necessary, etc. The MAPPING project is about to make a very useful contribution to give answers to one of the most important topics in the area of Internet Governance to date. There is increased need to create trust beyond national borders. This does not only demand states to respect, protect and promote the same sets of principles, it must also entail safeguards for individuals without borders and remedies across borders. It is to be expected that the success achieved in tackling these subjects will be crucial for the future development of the virtual space and that MAPPING is on the forefront of these developments driving the process.

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