Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

H2020

STEER Report Summary

Project ID: 645694
Funded under: H2020-EU.1.3.3.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - STEER (Support Tool for Energy Efficiency pRogrammes in medical centres)

Reporting period: 2014-12-01 to 2016-11-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

"STEER originates from the need to address energy efficiency actions in hospitals with the strategic goal to support the process of forecasting the effects of actions aimed at reducing energy consumption. The overall structure of the project was build up in 5 phases:
1.Competence analysis, Dissemination and Communication (D&C) strategy definition, where we defined TOK (Transfer of Knowledge) teams and we started data collection on energy consumption in hospitals;
2.Model definition; academic entities worked together building a robust and suitable model describing the energy related issues in hospitals. Once identified the variables affecting the energy consumption, 2 different approaches have been followed for the modelling. The first was a physical approach: on one hand, we utilized EnergyPlus simulation environment, while, on the other hand, we produced a Matlab implementation of ISO 13790. The second approach was based on hospitals' available data, and a black box prediction model was created out of data correlations. To identify them we used auto-regressive models with external variables and machine learning techniques. We defined a methodology to verify and validate models.
3.Testing and validation of models; the modelling tools and testing methodologies so far discussed in phase 2, will be further refined.
4.What-if analysis; in the next 2 year we will deal with a what-if analysis of the modelling framework thus a sensitivity analysis will be carried out.
5.SW (software) development; finally, consortium will work to embed all the knowledge acquired in a user-friendly software prototype.
The intersectorial collaboration between organizations, helped the process of creating a model of standardised energy consumption at an international level and not affected by ""local"" factors. The TOK programmes have strengthened collaboration and information exchange in the following main topics:1.Dissection of energy bills and definition of variables influencing energy consumption;2.Test and validation of models;3.Sensitivity analysis;4.What-if analysis;5.Creation of SW based on the identified model.
Adopting the resulting model, hospitals will reduce energy consumption and meet the following needs:
1.Create energy efficiency plans;2.Compare energy efficiency level between similar entities;3.Plan energy efficiency investments;4.Acquire new technologies in the energy efficiency context."

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

STEER started with Kick off meeting in Milan in 2015. We defined a Board of D&C (D.1.1), a D&C Plan (D.1.3) and a refined secondments plan (D.1.2). After Kick Off, secondments and data collection started. We engaged 3 main hospitals in Italy, 2 in Greece and a modern and just built hospital in Spain. We defined a preliminary roadmap for collaboration between partners outlining further potential strategic research activities to be performed after the project. Specifically, in D.1.4 we presented:
-Secondments plan, outlining how private companies and universities has shared their knowledge
-D&C events
-A list of research projects proposed during the implementation of STEER.
In 2016 we started an amending process to add 2 new beneficiaries to STEER, due to their expertise and strategic location:in March 2016 the companies Meazon (GR) and Afeka Yissumim (IL) officially entered the consortium. Leveraging on this change, we defined a new secondments' table. In April we held Mid Term Meeting in Athens, where we presented to the P.O. (Project Officer) and the appointed expert, a progress report and the issues related to amendment, project management and D&C activities. In the last part of 2016 we completed data collection and we started analyzing raw data. First, we report in D.2.1 the list of models selected, then in D.2.2 we report the analysis of data collected, where we explained the Unified Hospital Energy Audit Form used to collect data and we summarized the information coming from hospitals. In October 2016 we submitted deliverable D.2.3. that was discussed in depth between the academic parties because of its crucial relevance for further steps. We described feasible modelling techniques to obtain hospitals' energy profiles estimation. Recently, we start WP3 submitting last deliverable (D.3.1) of the first reporting period: description of methodology for testing. In future steps we will refine the model and carry out what-if analysis focusing on variables that ESCOs (Energy service company) companies (Zephyro & Enertech) define relevant.
The milestones reached during this first period are:
- MS 1-Kick off meeting in Milan;
- MS 2-Definition of the TOK plan and of the preliminary R&D roadmap
- MS 3-First Workshop in Tel Aviv;
- MS 4-Data Collection activity.
Foe delays accumulated (related to data collection), MS 5 (TOK Workshop II) and MS 6 (Mid Term Workshop) has been postponed in 2017.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

Energy efficiency is a major tool to reach sustainable growth in Europe. It creates a win (for the energy consumer)-win (for the energy company)-win (for the environment and society) solution. STEER is step-by-step creating a unique European environment to analyse hospitals performance and import best practices from one to the other, having a significant impact in the ESCO market.
A first meaningful step, was to create an European format for data collection, showing the type of information that should be available in any medical centre in order to be comparable to others. This format actually offers a unifying approach derived from EU norms and national standards. At the moment, not all the information in the format could be retrieved from hospitals involved, which showed to the Consortium the part of information that in general is missing or is difficult to retrieve and which it should estimate through the models to be created.
As a by-product of this phase, the Consortium was able to understand the gap existing between data requirements by an average European ESCO and the requirements set by the legislations in various countries. The Consortium is thus able to give indication on omissions in different legislations in EU that should be filled in order for the different Authorities to get a reliable picture on the medical centre's actual energy consumption behaviour.
State of the art review performed in WP2 detailed the different modeling approaches followed in international literature with reference a) to relative hierarchical position of data inputs and the building sector (top down vs bottom up), b) the detail of required information (white box/physical, black box/statistical, grey box/hybrid) and c) energy data acquisition approach (calculation based methods, measurement based and hybrid). The consortium narrowed down into 3 approaches: bill based, monitoring based and dynamic simulations and defined a methodology for assessment, presenting progress beyond the state of art. Furthermore, work started in WP3 relevant to the hybridization of selected approaches moves beyond state of art.
ToK achieved in the first period enhanced research and innovation of human resources involved in the secondment plan. The right mix of academic and industry members of consortium contributed to the overall enhancement of research and innovation potential. Consortium members have built strong ties between them and have participated in several common proposals. Already achieved dissemination activities have spread the message of the project related to energy efficiency towards targeted entities.

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