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Final Report Summary - POPP (Policies to promote sustainable consumption patterns (POPP))

EUPOPP tackles the existing knowledge deficit in the policy arena of sustainable consumption and production (SCP) with regard to the effectiveness of sustainable consumption (SC) strategies and instruments. A focus is on policies in the need areas of housing and food.
EUPOPP is a collaborative research project, engaging partner institutions from all regions of the European Union:
- Coordinator: Öko-Institut e. V. – Institute for Applied Ecology, Germany (
- National Consumer Research Centre, Finland (
- University College London, UK ( ).
- Baltic Environmental Forum, Latvia (
- Ecoinstitut Barcelona, Spain (
- Institute for Social-Ecological Research, Germany (
- ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, European Secretariat, Germany (
EUPOPP is based on an overall conceptual framework for portraying the relationships between SC policies, consumption patterns and sustainability. Under this umbrella the following questions were addressed and transformed into research hypotheses:
- What are consumption / production trends and what are the respective sustainability potentials of SC policies – in general and in selected need areas?;
- How can impacts of policy instruments on sustainable consumption be assessed and how do they influence sustainable consumption – mainly in the need areas housing and food?;
- What are conditions of success or failure that promote or hamper the impacts of a SC instrument on consumption patterns?;
- What are options to enhance sustainable consumption policies and instruments? EUPOPP addressed these research questions with an innovative mixed-methods approach, linking policy analysis with in-depth empirical research and material flow analysis.
The main outputs of EUPOPP were:
- An all encompassing baseline on the state of SC related research and existing policies in the European Union, including an excursion paper on gender aspects of sustainable consumption.
- The compilation and thorough analysis of existing data on consumption trends in Europe, with a particular focus on the need areas of food and housing.
- An innovative impact evaluation methodology for SC policy instruments, which was applied to ten European case studies.
- Compilation of innovative SC instrument bundles and determination of their sustainability potentials through scenarios (time horizon 2030) for the need areas of food and housing.
- Brochure and Policy Brief with detailed advice on how the results of EUPOPP may inform SC policy making in the EU in the future.
All EUPOPP deliverables and outputs can be found on the project website:

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