Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

H2020

SafeShore Report Summary

Project ID: 700643
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.7.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - SafeShore (System for detection of Threat Agents in Maritime Border Environment)

Reporting period: 2016-05-01 to 2017-10-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The main objective of the SafeShore project is to cover existing gaps in coastal border surveillance, increasing internal security by preventing cross-border crime such trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of drugs. It is designed to be integrated with existing systems and create a continuous detection line along the border. One of the treats to the maritime coast are small Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) which can carry explosives or which can be used for smuggling drugs, boats and human intruders on the sea shore. The mini-RPAS can depart from maritime platforms such as yachts. Their low cost and very small signature makes them a favourite platform for smugglers and terrorists. The mini-RPAS Radar Cross Section (RCS) is too small to be detected by the regular costal radars, which is where SafeShore comes in. Another important maritime threat addressed is low attitude guided parachutes. Due to their low RCS, these parachutes are hard to detect by standard radars. They can be dropped from airplanes far away from the shore and can be used for deploying equipment or explosives. SafeShore will detect them when they cross the maritime border. The SafeShore core solution for targets that are flying in such low attitude is to use a 3D LIDAR that scans the sky and creates above the protected area a virtual dome shield. In order to improve the detection, SafeShore will integrate the 3D LIDAR with passive acoustic sensors, passive radio detection and video analytics. The boats and humans on shore will be detected by a 2D LIDAR integrated with video analytics. Those technologies can be considered as low cost and “green” technologies. It is expected that a combination of orthogonal technologies such as LIDAR, passive radio and acoustic and video analytics will become mandatory for future border control systems in environmentally sensitive areas. SafeShore will develop 3 well-equipped, mobile platforms. Each one of those platform will cover itself with a virtual detection shield, in a dome shape, creating a continuous virtual detection shield along the shore. Any attempt to penetrate to the virtual shield will yield an intruder alarm detection in the main control room.
The SafeShore objective will be to demonstrate the detection capabilities in the missing detection gaps of other existing systems such as costal radars. All detection capabilities will be demonstrated via a fast deployment mobile platform. Fusion and sharing of resources between separated platforms will be proven by spreading 3 mobile platforms along the shore and chaining them to the main command and control software. Another important SafeShore goal will be to ensure fusion of information and increasing the situational awareness and better implementation of the European Maritime Security Strategy based on the information exchange frameworks – EUROSUR and EUCISE 2020 while ensuring the privacy of the data and conformity to internationally recognized ethical issues concerning the safety of the information and the equipment subject of the project.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The activities and the results for the first period, between M1-M18, were:
- Administrative & Management WP1 & WP9 : Establishing collaborative working environment that includes: internal meetings for the partners (there were 5) and synchronization conference calls which took place once in every 2-3 weeks.
- Research was done in WP2 & WP3 during months M1-M6. WP2 activities were to study the current regulations prevalent in the European Union and individual countries of the Union and the standardization of the issues related to the maritime environment, which include handling of threats arising from the RPAS and mini drones to meet the technological challenges and to build such an integral system. In WP3, the focus was on defining and planning the different modules of SafeShore system including HW sensors, SW modules, mobile platform and local & command control units, which are the main computing systems of the project, as well as to define the user requirements and expected results of the SafeShore prototype system.
- The development activities were done in WP4 & WP5. In WP4, the partners developed the main hardware components of the SafeShore System. The HW sensors are: LIDAR (2D & 3D) sensors, Video Cameras (including thermal cameras & infra-red cameras), Radio Passive sensor and Acoustic Passive sensor. This WP also included the development of the mobile platform. In WP5, the focus was on the SafeShore software modules including the video analytics and the data fusion algorithms and software prototype modules that can be used for multimodal detection and tracking of RPAS. The development part ended in Task 6.1 The result of this task was an overall system prototype (hardware, software and communication) design, combining field units (platforms) and the management software in the control room.
- Dissemination & Exploitation – WP8: The SafeShore website is online. The SafeShore partners presented the project in different conferences and shows related to the subject. The business plan is completed, describing how the SafeShore product will be brought to the market by defining its sustainability strategy and the rights on final results that each partner in this project will have.
Almost all the development goals were reached on time. There were few changes in the design from the initial proposal and from the preliminary system design. Having said that, the project is on track and the integration phase was started as defined in M19.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

To enable detection of suspect RPAS, SafeShore aims to advance beyond the-state-of-the-art sensors by using innovative technologies like:
-New 3D LIDAR technology for mini drone detection – this system creates invisible laser dome around the system, detecting every mini drone that enters into the dome.
-New video analytics software with machine learning techniques for mini drone detection.
-New software data fusion engine, which gets as input, the data from hardware sensors, and processes it and decides about the threats.
-Advanced mobile platform development, which enables easy transfer of the SafeShore system from one place to another.
The project’s challenge was to identify a wider mix of sensors and technologies for the RPAS detecting systems, to optimize them in terms of performance-cost ratio, to tailor and focus them on typical scenarios, to integrate them into an open and flexible architecture, also based on standard links.
Impacts:
The drone market is exploding. From the time when the proposal was initiated in August 2015, the Global Aerial Drone market has increased from 7 Billion USD to more than 10 Billion USD in 2017, an increase of 43% in 2 years, and it has strong signs of further exponential increase.
This leads to more interests for SafeShore systems. Consequently, SMEs involved in this project will use the SafeShore system to enhance their business opportunities.
The impact on SMEs is high. The turnover will increase as well as the number of employees. The SafeShore prototype will be the base for development of several innovative systems, and each partner plans to use it to demonstrate its core capabilities, both on hardware sensors or on software modules.
Last but the least is the impact on the social and environment – the SafeShore system should help to secure people’s life and fight against terror and crime.

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