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  • Periodic Reporting for period 1 - MADFORWATER (DevelopMent AnD application of integrated technological and management solutions FOR wasteWATER treatment and efficient reuse in agriculture tailored to the needs of Mediterranean African Countries)
H2020

MADFORWATER Report Summary

Project ID: 688320
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.5.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - MADFORWATER (DevelopMent AnD application of integrated technological and management solutions FOR wasteWATER treatment and efficient reuse in agriculture tailored to the needs of Mediterranean African Countries)

Reporting period: 2016-06-01 to 2017-11-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Mediterranean African Countries (MACs) are characterized by a major water crisis. MADFORWATER focuses on 3 MACs - Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia - representative of the Mediterranean African Region in relation to their population, GDP and produced wastewater.
MADFORWATER aims at developing technological and management instruments for the enhancement of wastewater (WW) treatment, treated WW reuse for irrigation and water efficiency in agriculture in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.
This overall goal is translated into the following specific objectives:
1. improving the identification and understanding of the water vulnerabilities in the 3 target countries;
2. developing and adapting to the local context technologies for WW treatment and treated WW reuse for irrigation;
3. promoting business opportunities in the target countries for the project SMEs as well as for EU and North African water & irrigation enterprises;
4. developing basin-scale water and land management strategies, related to the project’s technologies;
5. increasing the level of capacity building in the target countries in relation to the proposed solutions and the social acceptance of treated WW reuse in agriculture;
6. enabling the adaptation of the project outcomes to other basins of the target Mediterranean African Countries.
The MADFORWATER concept is represented in Fig. 1.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The first specific objective of MADFORWATER is to improve the identification and understanding of the vulnerabilities in terms of water quantity and quality in in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. In relation to this, WP1 is focusing on the analysis of the entity and consequences of water stress and vulnerability in these countries. For each target country, a large amount of data on water stress and vulnerability was collected at local and basin level, and the use of these data to develop water vulnerability indicators is in progress. The mapping of water stress, water vulnerability and of their effects on food security is in progress.

The second specific objective of the project is to develop a technological toolbox for wastewater (WW) treatment, irrigation efficiency and treated WW reuse in agriculture. In relation to this, WP2 set up and adapted to the local context of Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt, technologies for the treatment of different WW types, aiming to obtain a treated WW quality suitable for reuse in irrigation. The targeted WWs are: municipal WW, water of drainage canals in the Nile delta, agro-industrial WWs and textile WW. The most promising treatment trains were preliminarily identified for each WW type. WP3 developed and adapted to the local context of the 3 target countries 6 technologies suitable for irrigation with treated WW: plant growth promoting bacteria, new-generation tensiometer, low-pressure mini-sprinkler, calibrated nozzle, replacement of open irrigation canals with gated pipes and decision support system to optimize irrigation schedules and nutrient supply. These technologies proved effective for a safe and efficient use of treated WW in agriculture. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) of the proposed WW treatment and irrigation technologies are in progress. During the next reporting periods, selected technologies will be tested in the target countries at field scale, through the construction and operation of 4 demonstrator plants of integrated WW treatment and agricultural efficient reuse.

In order to promote business opportunities in the target countries for the MADFORWATER SMEs as well as for EU and North African water and irrigation companies in general (third objective), a preliminary Exploitation Plan was developed. A dedicated exploitation seminar indicated that – apart from individually exploitable results - combined sets of technologies and tools could increase the possibilities of successful market entry.

The fourth objective of MADFORWATER is to decrease water vulnerabilities in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia through the development of integrated water & land management strategies. A model-based decision support tool was developed to integrate technological solutions and related economic instruments into water management strategies. This tool was adapted to the 3 hydrological basins targeted by the project: Souss-Massa in Morocco, Cap-Bon and Miliane in Tunisia, North-Eastern Nile Delta in Egypt. A review of the economic instruments and policies currently in place for water management in the target countries indicated that a mix of mutually strengthening economic instruments should be combined to sound sectorial and economic policies to ensure a sustainable water management.

The fifth objective of the project is to increase the level of capacity building in the target countries in the field of water management and social acceptance of treated WW reuse. A stakeholder analysis was conducted, and stakeholder consultation workshops were organized in Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt to gain information on the suitability of the proposed solutions in relation to the local context. The dissemination activities performed so far include the project website (www.madforwater.eu), a promotional video, a project’s poster and leaflet, the first newsletter, the production of 3 scientific articles and the participation to 36 scientific conferences. Various dissemination materials we

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

MADFORWATER reached during the first reporting period a relevant advancement beyond the state of the art in several fields: analysis of international cooperation agreements on water management and of water vulnerability in MACs; adaptation to the MAC context of technologies for treating a wide range of WWs and allowing an efficient reuse of treated WW for irrigation.
MADFORWATER is expected to achieve until the end of the project the following results:
• a set of freely available GIS maps on water stress, water vulnerability and their effects on food security in the target MACs;
• a framework to assess the effectiveness of integrated water management strategies;
• identification and optimization of an optimal treatment train for each targeted WW type;
• development and adaptation to the target countries of 6 technologies for increasing water efficiency and reuse in agriculture;
• design, construction, operation and optimization of 4 field pilot plants of integrated WW treatment and water reuse in agriculture;
• a set of activities aimed at increasing capacity building in the target countries in the field of water;
• integrated strategies for WW treatment and agricultural water management, targeted to the selected basins in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia;
• policy recommendations for the effective implementation of the proposed water management solutions in the 3 target MACs.
The expected MADFORWATER impact is graphically illustrated in Fig. 2. The project is expected to lead, 10 years after its conclusion, to the following impacts in the 3 target countries:
- consistent increase of the treated WW reused for irrigation;
- relevant increase of land irrigated with efficient technologies suitable for WW reuse;
- strong water saving in agriculture;
- increase in agricultural production and food security;
- increased income and employment potential of the water treatment and agricultural sectors;
- decrease of the overall costs associated to water vulnerability;
- decrease in the overexploitation of aquifers.

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