Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

H2020

UrBAN-WASTE Report Summary

Project ID: 690452
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.5.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - UrBAN-WASTE (Urban strategies for Waste Management in Tourist Cities)

Reporting period: 2016-06-01 to 2017-11-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The URBAN-WASTE project aims at developing eco-innovative and gender sensitive waste prevention and management strategies in cities with high levels of tourism in order to reduce the urban waste production and improve municipal waste management. These strategies are intended to facilitate the reintroduction of waste as a resource into the urban metabolism flows and to address waste management, risk prevention and land-use as an integral part of urban development.
In comparison with other cities, tourist cities have to face additional challenges related to waste prevention and management due to their geographical and climatic conditions, the seasonality of tourism flow and the specificity of tourism industry and of tourists as waste producers. These challenges threaten the preservation and conservation of those ecosystem services offered by tourist destinations, which are at the basis of the environmental survival of tourist cities and of their attractiveness.
The URBAN-WASTE project addresses main concern and challenges of tourist cities, which face particular constraints. In doing this, URBAN-WASTE relies on the adoption of an urban metabolism perspective and integrate it with a socio-economic analysis crucially informed by gender.

The general objective of the project is thus to reduce waste production, increase waste recycling and improve municipal waste management in tourist cities through urban eco-innovative strategies for waste prevention and management.
The URBAN-WASTE specific objectives are to:
- foster and structure a stakeholder participatory framework for policy-making in waste management;
- apply and integrate urban metabolic approach for waste urban policies;
- address gender in waste prevention and management.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The starting point of the project were the tasks implemented under WP2. The project has first performed a metabolic analysis of eleven paradigmatic tourist urban areas: Nice (FR), Lisbon (PT), Syracuse (IT), Copenhagen (DK), Kavala (GR), Santander (ES), Nicosia (CY) and Ponta Delgada (PT), Dubrovnik (HR) and Tenerife (ES) and Florence (IT). Through the analysis performed, the project has analyzed how tourism activities together with urban patterns, drivers, consumer behavior, lifestyles, culture, architecture and socio-economic issues can influence the metabolism of the cities. Once collected the data from all the pilots, a database template was developed and completed with the contribution of all pilots. The database allows to assess the baseline conditions of each pilot city: the quantification of the tourist waste production and the total urban production of waste before the implementation of the URBAN-WASTE strategies. On the other hand, the activities performed within WP3 (ongoing) deal with the active engagement of stakeholders in a transversal way throughout all project activities. Stakeholders has been involved in a situation and behavioral analysis to understand how lifestyles, cultural and socio-economic background and gender affect consumption and use of resource patterns. That analysis enriched the analysis performed within WP2. Gender differences in consumption, use of resources and waste production and management have been highlighted.
Within WP4, the outcomes of the urban metabolism analysis and the results of the participatory process have been adapted and integrated for the identification of eco-innovative, inclusive and gender sensitive waste prevention and management strategies, addressing three main target groups: citizens and tourists, citizens, tourism operators and service providers (hotels, restaurants and bars) and representatives of other industries. Within the implementation of WP4, project partners identified 22 waste management and prevention measures integrated with the ICT tools developed under WP5: An interactive mobile application (WasteApp), Interactive maps layers and a Food waste tracking device for food service.
Within WP6 the waste prevention and management strategies integrated will be implemented in the pilot case study cities. In order to optimize dissemination and exploitation of the results of URBAN-WASTE project, the project has foreseen two specific work packages (WP7 and WP8). The aim of WP7 is to assess the potential replicability of the strategies in other EU touristic cities.
Finally, through the implementation of WP8 (Dissemination and communication), a comprehensive dissemination strategy has been designed to reach at EU level all the different target groups addressed in the project and mobilized in WP3.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

To improve waste management in the tourist cities partners, URBAN-WASTE applies and integrates the metabolic approach in the policy-making approach that allows to consider the issue not only from the scope of waste, but also by considering production and consumption pattern. This will contribute to develop a circular economy approach that also addresses important issues linked with local development.

With respect to stakeholders, URBAN-WASTE has proposed an innovative approach which foresees the involvement of the stakeholders along the whole waste “value chain”. The project developed and is implementing participated and inclusive waste prevention and management strategies centered on the waste hierarchy principle, in which prevention, reuse and recycling are preferred options. The implementation of these strategies will create a concrete improvement in the complex mechanism of waste prevention and management in touristic cities.

The research activity performed – consisting of collecting and analyzing data on urban flows – produced a basis for further studies and research on urban metabolism and on its application to waste management. The knowledge produced in the project concerns mainly:
1) The operationalizing the urban metabolism approach – represented by the methodology and the database template developed under WP2;
2) The waste prevention and management strategies developed within WP4 that will be tested in the 11 pilot cities.

Regarding the URBAN-WASTE expected impact, overall the project aims at reaching around 30% of total tourists in EU by 2020, 50% by 2030 and 80% by 2035, through the replication of the URBAN-WASTE strategies. In particular, 20 million tourists are expected to be reached in the pilot areas. Regarding policy makers, apart from the associated partners from the project, at least 1.000 local and regional authorities will be reached. Furthermore, with the tasks foreseen in WP7, the project will analyse the replication potential of the strategies to provide evidence on the benefits for cities in adopting those.

This major impact will be strengthened by assessing of the environmental impacts, social and economic aspects of selected, innovative strategies; increasing of the skills of the staff from public authorities and other stakeholders and enabling the sharing of expertise among them; and by preparing the future exploitation of the project’s findings on urban metabolic analysis and waste prevention and management strategies as well as optimizing expertise sharing.
In order to optimize dissemination and exploitation of the results of URBAN-WASTE, two specific work packages (WP7 and WP8) include activities aimed at engaging potential users, showing them the benefits of the project and facilitating the transfer of experience and knowledge needed to implement the URBAN-WASTE approach.

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