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H2020

EU-MACS Report Summary

Project ID: 730500
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.5.1.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - EU-MACS (European Market for Climate Services)

Reporting period: 2016-11-01 to 2017-10-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

PURPOSE AND CONTEXT
To support further product development and effective widespread uptake of climate services, as a means to boost mitigation of and adaptation to climate change as well as capabilities to cope with climate variability, the European Commission has included several actions in its current research programme Horizon 2020 (H2020). Essentially these actions follow from the logic to implement the European Research and Innovation Roadmap for Climate Services. Climate services are defined as all informational services based on transformation of climate related data (observations and/or projections) – often together with other relevant information - into customized information products, offered as such or embedded in consultancy and/or education, with the eventual purpose of improving operational and strategic decision making and planning in public and private organisations as well as for private persons. Use of climate services should help to mitigate risks of climate change and climate variability and improve possibilities to benefit from opportunities created by climate change and climate variability.

SOCIETAL RELEVANCE
Public and private organisations will need climate services in order to more effectively deal with operational and strategic changes implied by climate change mitigation (greenhouse gas emission reduction) and climate change adaptation policies. The less such services are available and/or the poorer such services are tuned to the needs of prospective users, the less effective mitigation and adaptation efforts will be.

OBJECTIVES
To date in most economic sectors the uptake of climate services is still hesitant. The project EU-MACS (European Market for Climate Services) will analyze market structures and drivers, obstacles and opportunities from scientific, technical, legal, ethical, governance and socioeconomic vantage points. The analysis is grounded in economic and social science embedded innovation theories on how service markets with public and private features can develop, and how innovations may succeed. The project aims to provide insights and support to a better matching of supply of and demand for climate services, by means of protocols and tools meant for climate service providers and users, as well as by means of policy recommendations, policy briefs, and research reports addressed at policy makers, climate service developers, climate service providers, and climate service users and user groups. Even though a good part of the output will have a broader bearing, the focus sectors of EU-MACS are finance, tourism, and urban planning. EU-MACS cooperates closely with the twin project for climate service markets, named MARCO.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The project EU-MACS consists of seven Work Packages (WP), of which WP6 and WP7 concern Communication & Dissemination (WP6) and Project Management (WP7) respectively.
WP1: A review of current market conditions and innovation prospects in the markets for climate services
WP2: Exploring the climate services value chain cluster options in finance/ asset management
WP3: Exploring the climate services value chain cluster options in tourism
WP4: Exploring climate services supply chain cluster options in urban planning
WP5: Synthesis-implications-recommendations – the most promising policies, measures, instruments, innovations and business models to promote climate service market development

WP1 has been completed during the first 12 months of the project. All planned Deliverables (D1.1 - D1.5) are delivered.
The aim of WP1 is to assess and evaluate all basic information and insights necessary to identify political, economic, scientific-technological, ethical and legal / regulatory barriers and enablers for CS, to understand their interactions and conditional validity in order to conduct static and dynamic analysis of the CS market. Thus, WP 1 aims at conducting the static part of the analysis while also laying the ground for the dynamic assessments in WP2 to WP5.
This static assessment in WP1 includes analyses providing a snapshot of current barriers and enablers and their significance, includes – in brief – assessments of CS market structures (task 1.1), ways and levels of resourcing (monetary and human resources) (task 1.2), principles and practices of quality assurance (task 1.3) and the existing data infrastructures for CS (task 1.4). In addition, the analysis of innovation and market building dynamics (task 1.5) is a prelude to the dynamic market analysis exercised in WP2 to WP5. All this is culminating in the development of a suite of interactive formats through which business models for CS are probed from both providers’ and users’ perspective (task 1.6), to be carried out in WP2 to WP4.

In WP2 and WP3 the preparations for stakeholder engagement (Tasks 2.1 and 3.1) were carried out. The activities aimed at gathering background information on the sector by means of literature study and semi-structured interviews. The collected and synthesized information enables to map out key segments or players of the sector/region (tourism), as well as gather contacts and first inroads into the motivations of the sector around climate data and information.

The approach in WP4 is similar to WP2 and WP3, but the use of Living Labs and the emphasis on co-design necessitated and enabled a deeper digging assessment of the local stakeholder sub-structures in municipal organisations of Bologna and Helsinki, being the focus cities in WP4.
The activities carried out in WP4 during the reporting period had a twofold aim. On the one hand, T4.1 and T4.2 aimed at identify both technical and organizational barriers hampering the actual mainstreaming of CS in urban planning for climate adaptation.
T4.3 started the process aiming at involving both CS users and producers in a co-creative process for the adaptation/improvement of existing CS.

WP5 starts in Month 16 (February 2018), except for the Task 5.1, which deals with monitoring of synergies and complementarity between the projects EU-MACS and MARCO.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The assessment is carried out at two levels.
The two tier approach employing static and dynamic level analysis enables identification and coordination of
1. short(er) term policies and measures to reduce market failures based on static level analysis, and
2. long term policies and measures to better incite and orient innovations, based on dynamic analysis

The ambition of the study goes beyond the provision of a solid academic analysis. It also aims to illustrate how market matching and the initiation and uptake of innovations can be more effectively facilitated.
To this end search & matching protocols are explored and evaluated. The most effective ones will be made available for CS users, CS suppliers, and CS mediators, inter alia through dissemination from the project website.

The market exploration exercises in WP2, WP3, and WP4 not only can produce effective solutions, but are also by themselves meant to be replicated.
The creation and operation of collaborative market development frameworks at sectoral and/or regional level will be described in guidelines which will be available from the project website.

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