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H2020

HOT Report Summary

Project ID: 732894
Funded under: H2020-EU.1.2.2.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - HOT (Hybrid Optomechanical Technologies)

Reporting period: 2017-01-01 to 2017-12-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

A number of radically different technologies are currently on the horizon. Some, like quantum simulators, which are special-purpose computational devices that use one kind of quantum system to mimic the behaviour of a more complicated one, are likely to have a crucial impact in niche markets. Others, like improved inertial displacement sensors, which can be used to sense the movement of a device, could have significant mass-market appeal by augmenting the capabilities of the mobile devices we all take for granted. Bringing this promise to fruition requires developing new ways to translate between electromagnetic signals at widely different frequencies, e.g., between microwaves and optical signals. It requires the development of new on-chip components for signal processing that are compatible with the operating requirements of so-called superconducting quantum devices, which are crucial building blocks for producing quantum computers and other quantum technologies, and which operate close to absolute zero. It also requires the development of new techniques to sense displacements and tiny forces at the limit imposed by quantum mechanics.

To address these problems, HOT - Hybrid Optomechanical Technologies - will lay the foundation for a new generation of devices that harness the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and the motion of microscopic devices. In doing so HOT will creating a convergence between two of the most important technologies in recent decades: micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), which are ubiquitous and used in sensing and time-keeping devices, and photonic integrated circuits (PICs), which make possible direct interfaces between electrical computer chips and light-based communication systems. The operating principles of HOT devices are novel and will enable an entirely new family of uses for micro- and nano-mechanical systems that goes far beyond the state of the art.

HOT will explore these hybrid opto- and electro-mechanical devices for the conversion, synthesis, processing, sensing, and measurement of electromagnetic fields. It will use hybrid nano-scale opto-/electro-mechanical devices that are able to convert energy from one form to another, to give rise to new ways for two-way conversion between electrical and optical signals with increased efficiency. It will exploit the cooperative effects and new behaviours that arise when multiple electromagnetic fields and mechanical elements all interact together. Entangled quantum states, where the motion of two mechanical oscillators is linked so strongly that the two oscillators cannot be described as two independent objects, will make possible improved sensors. HOT will explore new materials and architectures to establish optomechanical interactions at ultra-high frequencies and bandwidths in integrated on-chip platforms. Most importantly, HOT includes a strong industrial component that will explore how the devices developed can be manufactured using standard processing techniques and packaging solutions.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

During its first twelve months of activity, HOT has:
- Demonstrated the principles behind an optical isolator, which allows light to flow in one direction but not in reverse, and which can be reconfigured at will.
- Produced two on-chip proofs-of-concept of microwave radiation circulators.
- Demonstrated quantum entanglement between two mechanical elements.
- Developed theoretical tools to allow simplified read-out of important characteristics without requiring full knowledge of the system.
- Proposed ways to generate artificial magnetic fields that act on sound, and to use these and similar advances to create devices that can manipulate sound and light but are resilient to imperfections.
- Taken the first steps towards adapting the production of opto-/electro-mechanical devices using conventional chip fabrication and packaging facilities.
- Made public 29 articles in major high-quality peer-reviewed journals and preprints currently under review. This includes 5 articles in Physical Review Letters, 2 in Nature Communications, and 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
- Published a viewpoint article on nano-opto-electro-mechanical systems in the highly visible Nature Nanotechnology.
- Generated increased visibility for the project’s results by giving talks at several international conferences.
- Increased the exposure of several publics to the concept of radiation pressure and the technological possibilities it enables.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The above shows that even during its first year, HOT has produced advances well beyond the state of the art in developing technologies that operate using the pushing force that electromagnetic radiation exerts on microscopic objects. HOT promises to impact several markets, ranging from communication and detection (e.g., high-speed data communication, and photonic frequency filters that are essential to telecommunications), science and technology (interfacing with superconducting quantum computing devices, and microwave photonics), sensing (for healthcare, and as Internet-of-things sensors), and fabrication processes.

More information about this project can be found at http://www.hot-fetpro.eu/, by following us on Twitter (@hot_h2020), and on our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/hot-fetpro).

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