Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


CARTRE Report Summary

Project ID: 724086
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - CARTRE (Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe)

Reporting period: 2016-10-01 to 2017-09-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Automated Road Transport (ART) is seen as a key technology shaping our future mobility and quality of life. It encompasses passenger cars, public transport vehicles, urban and interurban freight transport and also extends to the road, IT and telecommunication infrastructure needed to guarantee safe and efficient operations of the vehicles.
CARTRE is accelerating development and deployment of automated road transport by increasing market and policy certainties. CARTRE supports the development of clearer and more consistent policies of EU Member States in collaboration with industry players ensuring that ART systems and services are compatible on a EU level and are deployed in a coherent way across Europe.
With more than 70 partner and associated partners, CARTRE aims to consolidate the current industry and policy fragmentation surrounding the development of ART through:
• Bringing together key stakeholders from different sectors at national, international and European level to reach common views on needs and challenges for deployment of ART;
• Fostering experience and knowledge sharing from past and ongoing ART activities at local, national, European and International levels;
• support expert community working on ART projects, pilots and FOTs, with methodologies and testing and exemption procedure information.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The project has organised two activities specifically involving Member States, so as to exchange information about ongoing and planned piloting activities on automated driving. The purpose was to get an understanding of common issues and challenges associated with public road tests, as well as to investigate how to compare initiatives across Europe.
CARTRE has organised three joint stakeholder workshops to harmonise ART approaches at European and international level, on the basis of a triple-helix approach, i.e. involving representatives of public sector, industry and research. CARTRE user representatives (FIA) and driver behaviour specialists (DLR, Leeds University) contribute with user needs, awareness, training and acceptance.
11 thematic areas were identified covering the most important issues and topics around ART. The thematic areas have helped to organise and focus the network and CARTRE activities on the key challenges to be tackled.
The first European conference on connected and automated driving, which was organised in Brussels on 3-4 April 2017, brought 580 policy, research and innovation stakeholders together. The discussions were articulated around nine of the thematic areas and it initiated a forum for collaboration and exchange within EU, but also beyond, as it included an international dimension, covering activities namely in the US, Japan, South Korea, Australia, China and Singapore.
International cooperation was achieved through the trilateral ART working group with US and Japan (now extended to Australia, Canada and Korea), which met four times to exchange information about ART programmes and identify future challenges and exchange best practice in e.g. standards, methodologies (impact), legal frameworks. Twinning activities, i.e. mirror projects between Europe and US, have also been initiated with the US Department of Transport (DOT) Joint Program Office.
CARTRE fosters information sharing between European research and demonstration activities, with the aim to centralise a knowledge base of related results. The project proposes to setup a platform for sharing and re-using data and experiences from different FOTs and pilots on automated driving carried out at national and European levels.
CARTRE has been providing training on the FESTA methodology through workshops and webinars while collecting the automated driving specific requirements towards a later revision of the FESTA handbook.
Moreover the dissemination tools developed by the project, including the website, but also newsletters, webinars, social media and printed materials have fostered the interaction with stakeholders. The website, namely, has become a focal point for reference information on connected and automated driving in Europe and beyond.
Finally, CARTRE has also worked on future deployment scenarios, potential impacts and research gaps in collaboration with the ERTRAC working group for Connected and Automated Driving. The different thematic area teams identified key challenges, drivers and influencing factors together with vision statements for 2040. This work served as a basis for the ERTRAC Roadmap document issued in May 2017 and will be further elaborated on during the second half of the project to support the ERTRAC Strategic Research Agenda.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

As an overall impact, CARTRE supports the development of automation in road transport, in view of optimising its contribution to the EU policy goals in terms of road safety, reduced congestion, energy efficiency and air quality as well as ensuring the leading role of European industry in the global market to boost sustainable growth and create jobs.
CARTRE is constituted to bring different stakeholders group closer and reach wider consensus and understanding across the groups; to leverage and boost engagement of industry and close the research and innovation divide.
CARTRE consolidates an ART Network for national authorities, industry and research stakeholders but also projects (Task 2.1, Task 3.2), which will continue when the action is completed. CARTRE has established a dialogue between key project members during all the different projects phases so that new projects can learn from the ongoing ones (Task 3.1).
CARTRE is working with EC and US on the twinning mechanisms to synchronize funding schemes (Task 2.2). CARTRE gives an overview of commonality and divergence in national plans (Task 2.4) and find common interests, policies and divergence between EU, US and Japan (Task 2.2). CARTRE investigates emerging market prospect (Task 2.3). CARTRE has organised an ART European conference and several workshops (in WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP6), as well as regular webinars and special interest network sessions at the ITS World Congress in Montreal, Canada. (Task 6.1, Task 6.2, Task 6.4)/
CARTRE promotes guidelines, best practices and codes of practice towards standardisation and emphasizes the business case behind standardisation of interfaces (Task 3.5).
Thematic position papers (Task 3.5) give a good overview of challenges to be overcome for accelerating the introduction of CAD.
CARTRE maintains a knowledgebase listing ART pilots, national tests, EU projects past and present (Task 3.2)
CARTRE fosters a common evaluation framework (Task 5.2) to re-use pilot data and evaluate impacts of AV.
CARTRE delivers data exchange principles and contribution to data format (Task 4.2)
CARTRE reports on the progress of the ART projects structured by “ART enablers” (Task 3.5).
CARTRE supports running pilots to understand national testing regulations (Task 3.4).
CARTRE increases visibility of National ART pilots at international level (Task 2.2, Task 6.1 but also with the Member States workshops organized in WP3 on 16 December 2016 and 18 May 2017)
CARTRE contributes to short and long term visions, key uncertainties and points of divergence (Task 5.1) and identify future research needs (Task 5.2). Initial evaluation of impact will help policy decisions (Task 5.2)

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