Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

H2020

PJ01 EAD Report Summary

Project ID: 731864
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.4.7.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - PJ01 EAD (Enhanced Arrivals and Departures)

Reporting period: 2016-11-01 to 2017-12-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

PJ01 EAD addresses development of concepts, tools and procedures to increase the capacity of Extended TMAs (E-TMAs) to meet forecast traffic growth in a safe, cost-effective and environmentally sustainable manner. This will be achieved by taking advantage of the latest technological developments from both an airborne and a ground-system perspective and through secure sharing of data.

PJ01 EAD considers all types of European E-TMA environments. In the case of low to medium density/complexity E-TMAs the driver will be to exploit the environmental benefits achieved from Continuous Climb Operations, Continuous Descent Operations and improved arrival sequencing. For the capacity-constrained high-density/complexity E-TMAs, including multiple airports, the focus is to minimise delays and improve resilience alongside providing environmental benefits. This will be accomplished by enhancing arrival and departure management systems which support the dynamic use of Performance Based Navigation routes. Traffic flows will be optimised by greater interaction between the arrival and departure management systems and the systems that balance traffic demand and available capacity across the network and airports.

This work of Project PJ01 EAD provides a major contribution in the operational efficiency and environment areas from advances in Terminal Manoeuvring Areas (TMAs).

PJ01 EAD will focus on operational improvements to increase airspace capacity and cost efficiency, improve safety, predictability and punctuality and provide greater fuel efficiency and environmental sustainability. To progress these operational improvements, PJ01 EAD has the following overall objective:

• To undertake validation of operational improvements to provide evidence of the impact of the improvements on the key performance areas defined for SESAR 2020

This will be achieved through the development and validation of the concepts defined in the operational improvements to achieve a V2 or a V3 maturity level. The project has the following six objectives:

• Objective A: Investigation of Benefits of Extended Queue Management techniques
• Objective B: Investigation of Benefits of the use of Arrival and Departure information for Traffic optimisation within the E-TMA
• Objective C: Investigation of Benefits of Dynamic use of Routes within the E-TMA
• Objective D: Investigation of Benefits of Required Navigation Performance (RNP) for Parallel Approach Operations
• Objective E: Investigation of Benefits of better integration of Rotorcraft and General Aviation (GA) operations in the TMA
• Objective F: Investigation of Benefits of Airborne Sequencing and Merging and Assisted Visual Separation

The above objectives are being progressed through seven separate work packages (solutions).

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The work on PJ01 has progressed very much in line with the plan. The first formal maturity gate (WP3: PJ.01-03A) has been passed. All Project Management (WP7) and Ethics (WP8) deliverables to date (PMP & MSP Schedule, Ethics Requirements and Quarterly Project Reports) have been completed. The work in each of the technical work packages is on track. The specific progress made in each of these technical WPs is as follows:

WP1:
• Initial V2 OSED produced with further work performed towards the next update
• Initial V2 VALP produced with further work performed towards the next update
• Initial V2 TS/IRS started
• Collaboration established with PJ09 to establish common interests on interaction with E-AMAN and DCB concepts

WP2:
• Initial V2 OSED and Initial V2 VALP produced with further work performed towards the next update
• Initial V2 TS/IRS was produced with further work performed towards the next update
• V2 Fast Time Simulation (FTS); Initial results showing positive outcome
• Prototypes for the V2 Real Time Simulations (RTS) have been in development during this period
• Baseline EATMA model for PJ.01-02 was created

WP3:
• V1 OSED, V1 VALP and V1 VALR completed
• Two V1 RTS Validation exercises (Controller and Pilot)
• PJ.01-03A V1 Maturity Gate passed
• First draft of V2 VALP produced
• Prototyping sessions started in preparation of the V2 Simulations
• Preparation started for a FTS
• Performance and CBA task started

WP4:
• Initial V2 VALP produced
• Initial V2 OSED produced
• FTS was executed with promising results
• Simulation environment created for the Real Time Simulation and the RTS completed
• Monitored the developments of Standardisation of Flight Deck Interval Management through the Airborne Surveillance WG of the ICAO Surveillance Panel and WG-4 of RTCA Special Committee 186

WP5:
• Initial V3 OSED produced
• Initial V3 TS/IRS produced
• Initial V3 VALP produced
• Started the development of the prototype and platforms for the V3 exercises

WP6:
• Airspace User workshop prepared and held to refine the concepts towards OSED development
• Initial V2 OSED produced
• Initial V2 VALP produced
• Started work on V2 Mock-up development and Simulator development
• Supported the Standardisation in the frame of the RTCA Standardisation Group

WP9:
• Conceptual Note produced to define the baseline and ensure alignment with Objective C; Two workshops took place to validate the Conceptual Note
• Initial V2 OSED drafted
• Preparation of simulators interconnection and tool set-up for both V2 RTS and V2 FTS

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The impacts described in the current Grant Agreement number 731864 are still considered relevant and the results expected are in line with the progress achieved during this reporting period.

The project PJ01 EAD objectives include:
• Environmental Sustainability / Fuel Efficiency (Fuel Burn per Flight)
• Airspace Capacity (Throughput / Airspace Volume & Time)
• Airport Capacity (Runway Throughput Flights /hour)
• Predictability (Flight Duration Variability, against RBT)
• Cost Effectiveness (Direct ANS Cost/Flight)
• Safety (Total absolute number of fatal accidents with ATM contribution)

All types of European TMA environments are being considered. For low to medium density/complexity TMAs the driver is to exploit the environmental benefits achieved from Continuous Climb Operations, Continuous Descent Operations and improved arrival sequencing. For the capacity-constrained high-density/complexity TMAs, particularly including multiple airports, the focus is to minimise delays and improve resilience alongside providing environmental benefits. This is being achieved by enhancing arrival and departure management by the dynamic use of precision navigation routes. Traffic flows will be optimised by improving the integration of the management of arrivals with departures and by improving the capability to balance traffic demand and available capacity across the network and airports.

To provide increased resilience in poor weather and a reduction in go-arounds, investigations will assess the use of tools that display traffic information in the cockpit. This will help manage airborne spacing, sequencing and merging with other aircraft, under the overall control of Air Traffic Control in systemised airspace.

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