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WADI Report Summary

Project ID: 689239
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.5.4.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - WADI (WADI)

Reporting period: 2016-10-01 to 2017-09-30

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

Water scarcity is a worldwide concern. In some places of Europe, as much as 50% of water resources are being lost before they reach the tap due to relevant losses in water transmission systems. Detection of leakages in large diameter mains, which represent a high share of the total water losses, is key, but it has been poorly addressed due to the challenges it faces, such as less frequent access to pipe, quickly attenuated high frequency noise, multiple travel paths. Moreover, a major factor hampering the market uptake of innovative solutions in the field of water leak detection in large mains is the lack of real scale demonstration of their long-term viability.

The WADI project proves the feasibility of an airborne water leak detection surveillance service, aimed at providing water utilities with adequate information on leaks in water infrastructure outside urban areas, thus enabling prompt and cost-effective repairs.

WADI’s service feasibility will be tested in an operational environment in two pilot sites, in France and Portugal, different for infrastructure type and age, water uses, accessibility, soil plant cover type etc.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

In the first year of the project, the following activities and related results have been achieved.

In WP1 “Project Management” WADI set up the project governance structure and procedures for project progress monitoring, decision-making, results reporting, internal communication, and potential conflicts resolution. A specific task was performed on the innovation management process, which aims to provide a link between individual WADI work packages that reflect key stages of getting ideas to market.

WP2 “End user requirements and mission plan” has already achieved its main expected results, namely: a thorough revision of the state of the technologies and services that are relevant for the competitive positioning of WADI, as well as the definition of end users’ requirements. This WP produced all the elements necessary to support the WADI service development: end users requirements, including the kind of information and the way of its presentation for decision-making.

WP3 “Demonstration of airborne innovative techniques” has achieved the objectives related to Task 3.1 “Definition of optimal wavelength and cameras” for service provision. Under this WP, the most suitable cameras have been selected and other components necessary for the system airborne use, such as on-board computing, inertial platform, and integration console have been defined and supplied.

As far as WP4 “Smart data processing and standardization” is concerned, the work started only at M11 and so far WADI has mainly set the pipeline path for homogenization and implementation of processes and algorithms. The first steps have been the specification and design of the on-board processes.

The activities of WP5 and WP6 have not started yet in the first reporting period.

WP7 “Analysis of the results and societal benefits” has to date developed a word-based questionnaires sent to the End-users involved in the project (SCP and EDIA). Task 7.2 “Ecosystem benefits” has started some preliminary data gathering activities and a preliminary identification of areas based on the use of water.

WADI has also established the framework and started the activities aimed at delivering a well performing and efficient WADI service. This includes the following achievements:

In WP8 “Legal and regulatory aspects analysis”, the development of the legal and regulatory framework, with the aim to provide the consortium with adequate legal guidance. In the first year this WP has performed the analysis of the legal and regulatory framework, with the definition of the regulatory state of play of leak management.

WP9 “Market analysis and exploitation” released the first Market Analysis at M9, which defines the market for the WADI innovation based on a presentation of WADI objectives, an overview of water resources in Europe and their use, and the main motivations for pursuing leakage detection activities. It provides a primary market focus with the potential customers, an overview of the leakage detection market, a detailed analysis of on-going complimentary actions and existing competing technologies and the main service level parameters that WADI should seek to achieve in order to meet end-user requirements and expectations.

WP10 “Communication and Dissemination” sets up and manages an effective communication and dissemination strategy to guarantee the coverage of the project results and enables smooth communication and knowledge sharing among the partners. During the first year the project released lots of communication and dissemination material to open a first channel between the project and the community of stakeholders, customers and the general public. The project website has been online since March 2017. It has recorded 1,918 user sessions and 4,135 page views.

WP11 “Ethics requirements” issued the first deliverable on Data protection, which is the framework of security measures designed to guarantee that data are handled in such a mann

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

The project is well on track as far as the deployment of activities is concerned. Although it is still too early for assessing the expected scientific, technological and societal impacts, the progress of activities is already remarkable.

The consortium set the basis for adaptation, integration, and assessment of the proposed innovative WADI technique as well as its subsequent validation and demonstration in project pilot sites. Based on the first measurement campaigns, detecting high moisture areas as induced by water leaks is easier when using thermal infrared data as compared to reflectance data alone, from visible up to 2,5µm. For improving the detectability, the best option seems to be to combine thermal infrared data with visible and near infrared data. However, this implies that the outcome is highly dependent on the environmental conditions, i.e. meteorological conditions. It is pretty sure is that the proposed airborne remote sensing method will be more affected by past conditions (e.g. rain) than would be a method based on pure reflectance measurements. Altogether, the airborne surveillance service will certainly not be an “all weather” service. This restriction will have to be scrutinized more deeply in the near future in order to more accurately assess the overall performance of the method and, more generally, its socio-economic impact.

On the other hand, the task devoted to the wavelength selection revealed that those wavelengths in the reflective spectrum that most suitably combine with the thermal infrared data for providing the requested normalized signal are in the visible and near infrared. Many cameras can be found to operate in this spectral area, which makes this part of the instrumentation readily available and inexpensive. Undoubtedly, this will foster the uptake of the proposed innovation and the development of a surveillance service at a competitive price.

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