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H2020

PLEIADES Report Summary

Project ID: 715775
Funded under: H2020-EU.3.4.5.5.

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - PLEIADES (Project to Lead Ecodesign Integration with Aerospace Development and Engineering Systems)

Reporting period: 2016-08-01 to 2018-01-31

Summary of the context and overall objectives of the project

The primary industrial objective of the PLEIADES project is to enable an integrated approach for the eco-design of aerospace products.
• Combining engineering, environmental, sustainability, and business considerations, particularly through the linking role of materials and processes.
• Integration and use of available primary and secondary data throughout the process.
• Better consistency, interoperability, and understanding of uncertainty across different levels of LCA.
• Integrating with engineering workflows to enable practical eco-design.

A second objective is to enable Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to provide more useful input and guidance to the product development process. This includes using LCA to reduce uncertainties in early-stage eco design as well as to improve compliance with certain reporting requirements. A prerequisite for using LCA in this way is to improve its inter-operability with the development process. Therefore, PLEIADES will systematically remove the main barriers for cost-effective use of Full LCA in the product development process.

The PLEIADES project directly addresses Topic JTI-CS2-2015-CFP02-ENG-03-01 ‘Industry focused eco-design’ which sits within the Engines ITD, with Rolls-Royce PLC as a key stakeholder in the project. The call topic specifically addresses the requirement for industry focused eco-design tools to enable the evaluation of the environmental and sustainability impacts of a product during its design. The delivery of industry focused software tools, knowledge infrastructures and workflows needed for industrial eco-design is the explicit focus of the PLEIADES project.

The project sits at the intersection of the Engines ITD and the Eco-Design TA of the Clean Sky 2 Joint Technical Programme where eco-design activities are coordinated in order to create additional benefit for the Programme through increased coherence, common tools and methods as well as shared know-how for the life cycle optimization of technologies, components and vehicles.

The project will create entirely new tools and data structures, building upon the existing commercially available solutions of the partners to deliver a more advanced eco-design capability for the aerospace sector to support the longer-term objectives of Rolls-Royce, ACARE, the Clean Sky 2 JTI and its stakeholders.

Work performed from the beginning of the project to the end of the period covered by the report and main results achieved so far

The project successfully completed Requirements Capture and Methodology Development stages and delivered the first working demonstrators.

The work performed allowed the partners to participate at the following international events:
- SETAC Europe, Brussels, 7th May 2017
- ISIE Conference, Chicago, 25th June 2017
- Life Cycle Management 2017, Brussels, 3rd-6th September 2017
- Aerotech Congress and Exhibition, Fort Worth, 26th-28th September 2017
- AIRTEC International Congress, Munich, 24th-26th October 2017
- 25th CIRP Conference, 30th April – 2nd May 2017, Copenhagen

The outcome of the first 18 months can be summarized as follows:
• Analysis of the requirements for generating and improving existing tools for eco-design and Full LCA to better fit aerospace industrial design workflows. A series of interviews and workshops with Rolls-Royce stakeholders assisted the identification and definition of the main actors of the design process, the data sources used and their current status of knowledge. This was instrumental for outlining the requirements for the subsequent methodology and software development;

• The methods, data exchange and the assessment of uncertainty from data sources were investigated in via the creation of several case studies aiming at challenging the industrial stakeholders, providing insights into the real day-to-day activities that can effectively influence design decisions. In this context the data requirement definition to support the eco design was also finalized. Outcomes were translated into requirements to support software development in the ongoing tasks.

• Software components for Demonstrator 1 were delivered incorporating proprietary data gathered from Rolls-Royce. A core focus of the demonstrator was the incorporation complex data structures representative of the manufacturing complexity observed in aerospace manufacturing and the support of supplier data. These will form an integral component of future demonstrators within the project.

• “LCA on demand” capabilities, and the data transfer mechanisms between Granta Eco-design tools and Thinkstep Full LCA tools were explored and mechanisms agreed. Process and product model databases were also developed for specific case studies relevant to the project and will be expanded as the project progresses.

• The consortium was active in the communication and exploitation activities, participating in 6 international conferences, 1 full scientific paper has been accepted for publication. The project outputs were also translated in a series of IPs as recorded in the dedicated register. These consist of a series of data schemas, exchange tools, sustainability and uncertainty assessment methodologies that will be exploited by the partners during the continuation of the project.

Progress beyond the state of the art and expected potential impact (including the socio-economic impact and the wider societal implications of the project so far)

PLEIADES is working towards two main objectives, that are:

• To enable an integrated approach to the industry focused eco-design of aerospace products as part of existing engineering development workflows.
• To bridge the current disconnect between the tools used for eco-design and for extensive LCA.

The project has delivered the first demonstrator showing prototype of tools, data schema and data exchange workflows to fulfil these objectives. The user stories, data structures and methodologies developed in the project will be delivered via demonstrator components:

• Data importers and schema to manage supplier data according to the IPC1754 Standard.
• Management of reference data for the early design stages assessing the uncertainty of the reference information at material selection phase.
• Connecting eco-design to Full LCA data modules and tools via dedicated data export to trigger LCA on demand and Full LCA solutions.
• Creation of a reference framework of solutions based on the existing industrial workflows and communication data systems.

By the end of the project we expect to have developed a suite of demonstrator tools for industry focussed eco-design, including:

• Combining engineering, environmental, sustainability, and business considerations, particularly through the linking role of materials and processes.
• Integration and use of available primary and secondary data throughout the process.
• Better consistency, interoperability, and understanding of uncertainty across different levels of LCA.
• Integrating with engineering workflows to enable practical eco-design.

We also expect to be able to demonstrate the effective removal of barriers to the use of Full LCA in the early design stages of product development through enhanced interoperability and data exchange between Granta and Thinkstep tools.

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