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FP5

TENORMHARM Résumé de rapport

Project ID: FIGM-CT-2001-00174
Financé au titre de: FP5-EAECTP C
Pays: Poland

Measures directed towards mitigation of harm by improvement of work conditions and by remedial actions

The main aim of these works was to review the different methods applied for mitigation of potential radiation detriment caused by presence of TENORM at workplaces and preventive or corrective actions focused on improving the current state of areas polluted by waste and effluents from plants or factories affected by TENORM.

In order to receive an overview about all relevant TENORM industries each participant was obliged to prepare an overview of mitigation methods and/or remedial actions applied in particular branches of industry:
Poland – occupational risk in underground mines and environmental impact of radium bearing waters;
Czech Republic - TIP industry;
Hungary - CCPs (slag and ash), bauxite processing, uranium bearing waters;
Slovenia - CCPs external radiation, zirconium sand processing;
Romania - bauxite processing (alumina production);
Belgium - phosphates industry;
Germany - water works.

Countermeasures against detrimental effects caused by enhanced natural radioactivity presented can be generally divided into two groups: passive and active measures.

Passive methods generally consist in diminishing of radiation effects, whereas active ones are based on a possibility to influence the radiation source. Interventions in frame of active methods might reduce harmfulness of existing sources or change exposure pathways, while the passive ones are going to result in widely comprehended reduction of the number of individuals exposed. The countermeasures applied for reduction or elimination of TENORM’s negative effects might be presented as a function of their effectiveness and frequency of occurrence.

Reported by

Central Mining Institute
1 Plac Gwarków 1
40 166 Katowice
Poland
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