Servicio de Información Comunitario sobre Investigación y Desarrollo - CORDIS

Research exchange with NMS/NAS

Work package VI of BioNorm dealt with the national conditions of New Member States (NMS) and Newly Associated States (NAS) respectively, and their research exchange with the countries of EU 15. This work package is aimed to primarily increase the information flow between NMS/NAS and the pre-normative work of BioNorm. Therefore, country reports were prepared by the partners from the NMS/NAS (i.e. Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Hungary) with focus on solid biofuels as energy source, existing standards and guidelines, needs for standardisation as well as recommendations. Moreover, national platforms were established as an interface between project consortium and solid biofuel standardisation bodies and involved companies of the NMS/NAS.

The survey of the reported country situations has been revealed the following, which is true to a large extent for all the NMS/NAS considered within the BioNorm project:

(i) In general, it is required to boost the share of RES on the national primary energy consumption in order to increase the internal security of energy supply and be in line with respective European directives (e.g. climate change mitigation).

(ii) Major promising potentials for the energetic application of biomass (particularly solid biofuels such as agriculture and wood residues) within the RES have been identified. This is primarily linked to local conditions (e.g. characteristics of land use, energy consumption structure and power supply services, level of technologies for biomass application and present consumption).

(iii) Basically, increasing use of bioenergy is an item of national energy policies. However, for the broad biomass utilisation changes in national legislation systems are needed with regard to the harmonisation of laws and regularly documents with requirements of the EU (e.g. environment quality standards), the harmonisation of the taxes, prices and tariffs as well as requirements of external and domestic markets.

(iv) The current limited experience in utilisation of refined solid biofuels and R&D contributes to a lack of solid biofuels standards concerning measurements fuel properties and quality assurance guidelines. In turn this contribute to a further lack of solid biofuels classification and thus of information about solid biofuels prices on the national market. Consequently, it seems to be quite more difficult to develop a diversified solid biofuels market.

(v) Albeit, it is assumed an emerged market (i.e. mainly abroad) for more developed solid biofuels will stimulated the production of wood briquettes and pellets in many of the NMS/NAS.

Comprising, it was clearly stated by all NAS/NMS-partners as well as the members of the national working groups that common standards are urgently needed for increasing the market shares of solid biofuels in the NAS/NMS, particularly in terms of biofuels export. Moreover, the European standards currently being developed by CEN need to be quickly adopted by the NAS/NMS. This was expressed explicitly in all country reports. Today, several NAS/NMS used national standards of EU 15 countries, mainly the Swedish, German and Austrian pellets and briquettes standards. Finally, it was emphasised the importance to further cooperate with the European countries, where biomass is already used efficiently and the legislation as well as biofuels standards are harmonious developed.

Reported by

Institute for Energy and Environment
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