Wspólnotowy Serwis Informacyjny Badan i Rozwoju - CORDIS

Report 4c: Large Housing Estates in Budapest and Nyiregyhaza, Hungary, Opinions of residents on recent developments

The objective of this report is to find out who profits from the developments and policies and who experiences clear disadvantages in the case study areas in Budapest and Nyiregyhaza, Hungary.

This report contains the following sections:
- Introduction
- The estates: a brief overview
- The survey: methodological issues and some characteristics of respondents and dwellings
- Positive and negative aspects of the estates
- Effects of policies
- The future of the estates
- Conclusions

This structure is similar to the other reports in the series 4 of the project, so the outcomes can be easily compared. In general the survey pointed out that in spite of the fact, that experts foresaw a decline in the status of the housing estates, residents do not experience such a tragic trend. Although they also see the deplorable status of public spaces, still, would like to rely on municipal and state interventions mainly in connection with renewing physically their building.

The survey added very vital pieces of information to the already well-known characteristics of the estates. It turned out that slowly Jósaváros is becoming the place for families that start their lives , while Havanna is becoming a place for households that do not have a choice but to move there. Accordingly, households in Havanna estate turned out to be more cost sensitive, than those of Jósaváros. We also found that residents of Jósaváros are more attached to their estate than their counterparts in Havanna. Interestingly the first and second most critical problems were the same in both places: dirt on the streets and the condition of building. We also found out that in case of both estates one-fourth of the population moved in during the last four years, which proves that the mobility rate in housing estates is significantly higher than the Hungarian average. The survey made the assumption stronger that there are very few ethnic minorities living in the housing estates. The only ethnic minority, which is visible in both cases, is the Roma population, but they mostly consider themselves Hungarian so they simply did not appear in the questionnaire.

The main topic of the survey would have been to analyse the affect of policies that were implied in order to improve the living conditions in the estates. The difficulty here was that there were only few actions implemented in these estates. Even with these few measures it was found out that effect of the few implemented policies were often hardly known by the residents. We were surprised to note that even in case of the most visible projects - such as the instalment of CCTV - half of the people had no idea about its existence. Which implies that for any successful regeneration project better communication skills are necessary from the local governments.

Finally, it was interesting to compare the problems that were mentioned with the suggestions people made for the improvement of the estates. This comparison gave hints where future policies should put the emphasis on. In Havanna the renovation of buildings is high on the agenda, which occupies an important place both in the problem and in the suggestion hierarchy of the inhabitants. In Jósaváros, where the social composition is better, the renovation of public spaces is the first priority besides the renewal of the buildings. As a problem the scarce employment possibilities were also mentioned, but as a policy suggestion it turned to be less relevant, as people feel that municipalities have limited influence on employment questions.

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Reported by

Metropolitan Research Institute
Lonyay utca 34
H-1093 Budapest
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