Wspólnotowy Serwis Informacyjny Badan i Rozwoju - CORDIS

A comprehensive scale applicable in mental health settings for recording the antecedents and consequences of violent behaviour

The International Violence and Aggression Form (IVAF) has developed the following definition of violence: "Any incident where staff are abused, threatened or assaulted in circumstances related to their work, involving an explicit or implicit challenge to their safety, well being or health.

The aggression may take one or more of the following forms:-
- Physical attacks (which may or may not cause injury).
- Threats and verbal abuse, including sexual and/or racial harassment which cause distress.
- Witnessing damage to or destruction of property.
- Witnessing violence involving patients/clients.

The IVAF has three elements:
- IVAF-V is to record verbal aggression.
- IVAF-P is to record physical aggression and aggression against property.
- IVAF-C is to record the consequences for those members of staff involved in such aggressive incidents.

IVAF-V (verbal)
This form should be completed by a member of staff each time he/she personally experiences verbal aggression, as defined above. However, if any one staff member is involved in more than one verbal incident from the SAME person, during ONE working day, he/she need complete only ONE IVAF-V, ticking all relevant boxes. Aggression from different individuals should, however. be recorded on separate forms. The IVAF-V should be completed as soon after the incident as possible, preferably by the end of the working day, and stored securely on the unit for the researcher to collect each week. Envelopes will be provided

IVAF-P (physical)
This form should be completed, following an incident of physical aggression or aggression against property, by the member of staff primarily affected by the incident. Where physical aggression is immediately preceded or accompanied by verbal aggression a further IVAF-V need not be completed. The IVAF-P should also be completed as soon after the incident as possible, preferably by the end of the working day and stored securely on the unit for the researcher to collect each week. Envelopes will be provided

IVAF-C
This form should be completed following an incident either of verbal or physical aggression. Its focus is to record the short and mid-term consequences of either physical or verbal aggression.

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Reported by

Mental health and Social Work Academic group
Middlesex University Archway Campus
N19 5SF London
United Kingdom
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