Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Incentives for improving the load rate in inner-city freight distribution transport

This project aims at designing and introducing incentives for increased load rates in the inner city of Göteborg. These incentives will be implemented as a pilot in the most central part of the already existing Environmental Zone.

The criteria for entering the inner city zone for distribution vehicles should be a combination of a 70 % load factor and the time comparison between stop time and running time. This is a complement to the demands on emission levels in the existing environmental zone (TELLUS project 5.7).

In the pilot project there will be ten vehicles involved for testing the system. Each vehicle will have a GPSinstalled for registration and control of the routes.

The most important and interesting part of this projectis that the actors are given positive incentives to encourage them to res pect the criteria for improvingthe load factor.

The proposed incentives are better accessibility by dedicated loading zones, less traffic congestion and possibility to use their time more efficiently by looking at the possibility to give access to certain public transport lanes.

The scheme started in December 2003 with 8 distribution vehicles in the inner city area. The vehicles are in different sizes (weight and volume capacity), with different customers and truckers to get a broad picture of the situation. During the first period of the scheme, there were no demands on load rate.

During this time measurements were made on current load rate, distribution routes, number of stops, etc.

The second step of the scheme will started in April 2004,with demands on load rate and measurements of this. For this part of the meassure an "electronic pen" was developed that records from the freight manifest and submits this information electronically for control of load factor and number of stops.

Next step is to work on the contacts with authorities concerning possible incentives (loading and unloading zones, using public transport lanes) for the second part of the scheme.

The final result of the pilot project will be a suggestion for how the load rate can
be measured and controlled in the best way, but also how the distribution vehicle owners are willing to work for an increased load rate and how much the accessibility incentives are helping those improvements.

The long term results of the project are expected to be a reduction of vehicles operating in the area and a reduction of NOx, SOx and PM emissions from the distribution vehicles in the area.

Reported by

TFK - Transport Research Institute
Vera Sandbergs Allé 8
412 96 Göteborg
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