Wspólnotowy Serwis Informacyjny Badan i Rozwoju - CORDIS

Methodology for screening vulnerability

Future efforts will aim at more comprehensive testing the proposed tool. More verification is needed to reach an objective of broad operational use. Operational experiments carried out by first-users are currently in progress.

Already collected comments are mentioned below:
- The idea of building a wide indicator set is appreciated by the tester. The users can easily work on the pre-crisis and post-crisis management. The decision-makers and the stakeholders are encouraged and supported in the decision-making process.

- The comparison of the indicators within the tools was appreciated in particular for his flexibility. There was positive feedback of listing a large number of indicators, where the users can select the indicators for their case study.

- Some tester suggested increasing the number of indicators in order to increase the range of users, for the tool to be used for the diagnosis of vulnerability at the scale of each "element at risk". These methods already exist and will be mentioned in the tool (GC and MEDD 2004, LANGUMIER A. 2001), but the authors' intention is to work on urban scales instead element scales .

- It was proposed to add a post treatment towards decision-making support tools, but this next stage first requires a better validation of the set of indicators by end-users and needs to be fed by more case studies.

- Acquisition, management and updating of geographical information remain difficult but are essential for the evaluation of indicators. In the future development public participation and GIS should be coupled like "Public Participation Geographic Information Systems" (PPGIS) (JANKOWSKI P. and NYERGES T. 2001). These devices use geographic information or geographic technologies, developed partly by and for the public, with an aim of supporting the participation of the public in the local processes of territorial management (data, cartography, space analysis, territorial decision... etc) (EDWARDS G and LIGOZA G. 2004). Public participation GIS could be seen as the most popular and current solution.

Knowledge of the process of vulnerability identification represents a very important contribution to decrease and control the land damage caused by natural hazard. The purpose of the vulnerability study is to limit weakness and integrate flood risk into urban development. The vulnerability analysis tool creates an integrated vision of the risk for its users. The project aims at gathering various visions of vulnerability and show as well that the analysis of risk must not be disconnected from possible interactions with territorial identity.

Table of contents
1. Introduction
2. The context: Growing Interest in evaluation of vulnerability
2.1. Vulnerability: An unclear definition
2.2. A brief literature review of vulnerability evaluation
3. A new support tool for vulnerability analysis
3.1. Methodological aspects for indicator identification
3.2. Organisation and use of the indicators
3.3. Organisation of the tree and representation of interactions
4. Short description on indicator groups
4.1. Group of indicators: housing
4.2. Group of indicators: industry
4.3. Group of indicators: commercial activity
4.4. Group of indicators: territorial context
4.5. Groups of indicators: prevention
4.6. Group of indicators: crisis management
4.7. Group of indicators: post-crisis
5. Conclusion
6. References

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