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Project ID: ICA4-CT-2001-10014
Financiado con arreglo a: FP5-INCO 2
País: Bolivia

Study on factors influencing the kinetics of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in the community

The interrelationship between human antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance was analysed taking into account influencing factors, including current pharmaceutical regulatory framework, quality of antimicrobials, agricultural and veterinary use of antimicrobials and bacterial contamination in water sources. In Bolivia, the national regulatory system was analysed by means of significant quality indicators. Based on the results, a draft to support an updated pharmaceutical regulatory framework was elaborated and is underway to be proposed to the government.

The document is entitled "National drug policy, pharmaceutical regulatory framework and rational use of antimicrobials". Moreover, the level of water contamination was assessed in a small field investigation performed in the study area. In Peru, a desk study to assess veterinary use of antimicrobials has been carried out in Iquitos (Departamento de Loreto), reporting information available in 2002 at the local University of Veterinary and the US Food and Drug Administration. The problems detected were disseminated and discussed during the educational meetings. Results included both the increased awareness regarding current drug regulations and knowledge on the high level of antimicrobials used for animal breeding and the bacterial contamination in water sources.

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