Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


MULTIWEAVE — Result In Brief

Project ID: 508125
Funded under: FP6-SME
Country: Portugal

Textile manufacturing sees phenomenal innovations

Newly developed equipment that employs cutting-edge weaving techniques has proved successful in creating stronger textiles for use in boats, cars and planes. It has also proved useful in sports and military applications.
Textile manufacturing sees phenomenal innovations
Multiaxial fabrics feature different layering fabric techniques in multiple directions to create very strong, robust material that could be used in numerous industrial applications and in the clothing industry. The EU-funded project 'Weaving machine for producing multiaxial fabric' (Multiweave) looked at developing advanced equipment for producing multiaxial two-dimensional (2D) interlaced fabric. In technical terms, such fabric would require interlaced yarns at approximately 45 degrees between the weft and warp.

The project studied the principle behind insertion and interlacing of yarns in several directions, considering warp feeding, criss-cross insertion, bias yarn feeding, shedding, weft feeding, beating and other characteristics. After identifying the requirements of such a system and designing the machine, the project team built a prototype that incorporates conventional weaving elements with completely new mechanisms and ideas.

Multiweave then tested the prototype successfully and proved its feasibility, achieving high quality criss-cross stitching and producing excellent quality textiles. The test runs yielded different types of directionally oriented structures (DOS) using different yarn counts and fibres (polyester, aramide, carbon and glass).

The achieved increase in strength-weight ratio and ability to withstand severe stressing conditions could prove highly useful in the aircraft, car and shipbuilding industries. While much fine-tuning and several small issues remain to be solved, the overall success of the project is set to take textile strength to a whole new level. The expected result is more powerful and thicker textiles for industrial applications, as well as tear-resistant garments for use in protective clothing, sports and military applications.

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