a) Trials of various scales, depending on the target technology, in view of demonstrating that performance conforming to 5G PPP KPIs requirements are met in the context of specific vertical use cases. Target 5G technologies and architectures should also support specific performance requirements stemming from the considered vertical use case.
In addition, 5G technology and architecture trials are also targeting concurrent usage of resource by multiple verticals, addressing the 3 classes of ITU requirements[[See ITU Recommendation M2083]] (eMBB, mMTC, URLLC use cases). In practice, the 5G infrastructure (RAN, back/fronthaul, Core) will be shared among multiple verticals and applications, each asking for independent service guarantees and very different service requirements. Operations of one application in one vertical domain should not affect the performance of other domains/applications. The trials should hence demonstrate that 5G architecture and technologies (notably slicing and virtualisation) enabling multi domain management of resources, beyond the ETSI NFV Management and Orchestration (MANO) and with cross domain orchestration capabilities are in line with these concurrent performance requirements.
Trials leverage results of 5G PPP phases 1 and 2 and go beyond the proof of concepts of phase 2.
Vertical use cases may focus on those outlined in the 5G PPP White paper ""5G empowering vertical industries"" (Automotive, smart factories, energy, media, smart healthcare) though other may be considered (e.g. PPDR[[Public Protection and Disaster Relief systems beyond TETRA/TETRAPOL capabilities]]). High density location and very high data volumes applications should be covered, as typically encountered with media/content applications in large events.
Trials are preferably implemented over the 5G end to end platforms developed under ICT-17-2018, and may contribute to 5G demonstration in the context of large showcasing events.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of between EUR 10 and 15 million would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.
b. Coordination and Support Actions
5G PPP projects under ICT-17-2018, ICT-18-2018, ICT-19-2019, ICT-20-2019 are implemented as a programme through the use of complementary grants. The respective options of Article 2, Article 31.6 and Article 41.4 of the Model Grant Agreement will be applied. This requires cooperation of the implemented 5G Research and Innovation Actions (RIA) and Innovation Actions (IA) towards joint leveraging of results. The proposed CSA shall liaise with the 5G RIA and IA actions to exploit synergies for:
- Management and orchestration of 5G PPP project cooperation for horizontal issues of common interests (adherence to KPIs, security, energy efficiency, spectrum, standardisation, societal impact of 5G…) in support of the commitments of the 5G PPP contractual arrangement and mapping the strategic programme of the 5G industrial Association.
- Portfolio analysis, coverage, mapping and gap analysis, roadmaps for key PPP technologies and for experimental requirements and facilities, also taking into account national developments.
- Proactive support to key international co-operation activities with a proactive strategy to leverage relevant 5G PPP project outcomes in the context of key standard developments and of relevant spectrum related bodies.
- Organisation of stakeholder events, including reaching out to users and key verticals.
- Monitoring of the openness, fairness and transparency of the PPP process, including sector commitments and leveraging factor.
- Maintenance of the ""5G web site"".
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU up to EUR 2 million would allow this area to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.
The challenge is to get the European 5G Vision of ""5G empowering vertical industries[[5G PPP White Paper ""5G empowering vertical industries, see 5G-PPP.eu.]]"" closer to deployment with innovative digital use cases involving cross industry partnerships. It requires technological and business validation of 5G end to end connectivity and associated management from two perspectives: i) within the set of requirements specific from one application domain; ii) across all sets of heterogeneous requirements stemming from concurrent usages of network resources by different vertical domains.
a) Advanced Trials
- Validated core 5G technologies and architectures in the context of specific vertical use cases and deployment scenarios, from high to low density regions.
- Validated core technologies and architecture for differentiated performance requirements originating from eMBB, mMTC, URLL use cases, notably for end to end slicing and virtualisation.
- Viable business models for innovative digital use cases tested and validated across a multiplicity of industrial sectors, including demonstration of required network resource control from the vertical industry business model perspective.
- Impactful contributions towards standardisation bodies, involving vertical actors, for what concerns the second phase of 5G standardisation. Participation of key European industrial partners with high standardisation impact is desired.
- Validation of relevant KPIs[[See 5G PPP KPI definition in the cPPP Contractual Arrangement, www.5G-PPP.eu]] with services linked to specific vertical sectors.
- Europe 5G know how showcasing.
b) Coordination and Support Actions
- Organisation of the 5G PPP as a programme with clear links to the 5G Infrastructure Association.
- Maximised output and exploitation of 5G PPP project results in key domains (standardisation, spectrum) through managed projects cooperation on horizontal issues.
- Constituency building, stakeholder support, support to key international cooperation events; dissemination, support to core international cooperation activities, to relevant stakeholder events; definition of future R&I actions.