Innovation for responsible EU sourcing of primary raw materials, the foundation of the Green Deal (RIA) Actions should develop new knowledge and conceptual models, supported by innovative technologies to strengthen and secure the EU’s supply of primary raw materials by: Generating better geological understanding (i.e. characterization, modelling, mapping) of known mineral deposits to identify critical minerals resources and inform discovery of new resourcesDeveloping new genetic models for ore deposit types that host critical minerals in order to identify areas for exploration, especially in previously overlooked regionsDeploying innovative geological, geophysical, geochemical, and data analysis approaches including modelling techniques (e.g. data analysis, remote sensing) to elucidate the geological history and structure and models of targeted spatial areas of targeted areas and to guide more environmentally friendly exploration for critical minerals, limiting impacts on biodiversity. Actions should also map EU and third countries’ primary and secondary raw materials potential and raw materials production and refining capacities in a harmonised form, using UNFC (United Nations Framework Classification for Resources) and UNRMS (United Nations Resource Management System). Actions should also contribute to improving the awareness of the general public across the EU about:the importance of raw materials for a successful transition to a climate-neutral and digitised economy and society; andthe ensuing need for a secure, sustainable, and responsibly-sourced supply of raw materials, including from domestic sources to strengthen EU open strategic autonomy and reduce over-dependence on third countries. All the data and information generated through these actions should be shared in open formats on a free of charge basis with the European Commission, for its own use and for publication.Actions should envisage clustering activities with other relevant selected projects for cross-projects co-operation, consultations and joint activities on cross-cutting issues and share of results as well as participating in joint meetings and communication events. To this end proposals should foresee a dedicated work package and/or task, and earmark the appropriate resources accordingly. In this topic the integration of the gender dimension (sex and gender analysis) in research and innovation content is not a mandatory requirement.