2D-material-based composites, coatings and foams (IA) Proposals should address 2D materials (2DM) composites, aero-gels and foams that can bring the full nanoscopic functionality of 2DM from nano- and microscale into the macroscopic world. They should target in particular the development of 2D materials and technologies mainly addressing environmental issues including e.g. energy consumption reduction in transport, oil spill removal from water, water purification with low energy consumption and improved water desalination. They should also target the development of next generation, lightweight, recyclable composites and coatings endowed with key functionalities like e.g. high temperature performance, structural health monitoring, and as enablers for, e.g. structural batteries or hydrogen storage. They should also address Metal-2DM composites enabling ultralow friction surfaces, reducing energy loss in sliding mechanical and electrical parts and the development of 2DM foams enabling hydrogen economy through catalytic hydrogen generation and storage. Proposals should also integrate the value chain and incorporate the relevant manufacturing technologies necessary to bring the developed devices towards the market. Proposals must implement from the very beginning life cycle assessment (LCA) and end-of-life (EOL) materials management to fully capture the advantage and develop greener materials and processes.Proposals should include activities aiming at facilitating future exploitation of results.Proposals should aim at demonstrating by the end of the project fully functional material systems and prototype applications operating in relevant environment conditions (TRL 6-7).The proposal should also cover the contribution to the governance and overall coordination of the Graphene Flagship initiative.In this topic the integration of the gender dimension (sex and gender analysis) in research and innovation content is not a mandatory requirement.