Laminar wings must be free of insect’s contaminations that can trigger turbulence. This project aims at understanding the properties of insects’ hemolymph during take-off and landing, and to understand the influence of surface type and environmental conditions on the modifications of hemolymph properties. Based on the results from this research, it will be possible to launch the development of new anti-contamination, low adhesion and post-contamination Cleaning Solutions to be flight tested. The developed solutions must be environmentally friendly. Please refer to the full topic descriptions document published in this call.