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Root zone soil moisture Estimates at the daily and agricultural parcel scales for Crop irrigation management and water use impact – a multi-sensor remote sensing approach

Root zone soil moisture Estimates at the daily and agricultural parcel scales for Crop irrigation management and water use impact – a multi-sensor remote sensing approach

Objective

Sustainable water use is a growing concern in Europe. Nowadays, agriculture is an important pressure on water resources especially in Mediterranean countries where irrigation can represent up to 80% of the consumptive uses of water. Increasing water use efficiency in agriculture has been thus identified as one of the key themes relating to water scarcity and drought (EEA Report No 1/2012). It now becomes necessary to improve on-farm irrigation management by adjusting irrigation to crop water requirements along the growing season.

Modern irrigation agencies rely on in situ root zone soil moisture measurements to detect the onset of crop water stress and to trigger irrigation. However, in situ point measurements are generally not available over extended areas and may not be representative at the field scale. If remote sensing provides cost-effective techniques for monitoring broad areas, there is currently no algorithm dedicated to root zone soil moisture monitoring at the parcel scale.

REC proposes a solution to the need of root-zone soil moisture at the crop scale for irrigation management. It is based on an innovative operational algorithm that will allow for the first time to: 1) to map root zone soil moisture on a daily basis at the field scale and 2) to quantitatively evaluate the different components of the water budget at the field scale from readily available remote sensing data.

The methodology relies on the coupling between a surface model representing the water fluxes at the land surface atmosphere interface (infiltration, evaporation, transpiration) and in the soil (drainage), and remote sensing data composed of land surface temperature, and near-surface soil moisture retrieved from microwave radiometers and radars.

These estimates will be integrated in an irrigation management system that will be used to trigger irrigation. In addition, these estimates will allow making an impact assessment of the consumptive use of water and water footprint.
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Coordinator

ISARDSAT SL

Address

Congres 49 51
08031 Barcelona

Spain

Activity type

Other

EU Contribution

€ 387 000

Participants (3)

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UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER TOULOUSE III

France

EU Contribution

€ 274 500

CENTRO DE ASESORIA DOCTOR FERRER SL

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 180 000

INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT

France

EU Contribution

€ 54 000

Partners (1)

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UNIVERSITE CADI AYYAD

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 645642

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 March 2015

  • End date

    28 February 2019

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.3.

  • Overall budget:

    € 895 500

  • EU contribution

    € 895 500

Coordinated by:

ISARDSAT SL

Spain