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Unlocking European grid local flexibility trough augmented energy conversion capabilities at district-level


Experimental validation use case scenarios and deployment plan.

Includes a report that gives the refined use case scenarios and the detailed deployment plan.

Summary of PENTAGON experimental deployment.

A report that summarizes the deployment of the flexibility management platform.

Detailed specifications of PENTAGON conversion technologies.

Includes a report that gives the detailed specifications of all conversion technologies (power to gas and power to heat) targeted in PENTAGON to be developed in the subsequent WP

PENTAGON Smart Energy Grid Business Models II: Case Studies.

Final report on business model development.

Power-to-Gas technology validation report.

Includes a report that summarizes the tests performed on the Power-to-Gas technology (including control-command software) and the outcomes of the tests.

Targeted district configurations and flexibility management platform requirements.

Targeted district configurations and flexibility management platform requirements. Will allow an easy integration of Pentagon at district level.

Power-to-Heat technology integration strategies.

Includes a report that gives the outcomes of the critical assessment of building-level Power-to-Heat technologies and of the definition of optimal combination strategies. Will consider various European climates

PENTAGON Smart Energy Grid Business Models I: Vision

First report on business model opportunity development.

Power-to-Gas technology requirements and specification report

Requirements and specifications of the power to gas technology to be pushed to a higher TRL, making it compatible with Pentagon

Impact assessment methodology at low-voltage and medium-voltage level.

A public report that describes the methodology followed for wider impact assessment, including detailed validation scenarios and KPI definition. Methodological report that will be used as a reference in the validation activities and also publicly shared in order to allow for wider benchmarking (e.g. with other H2020 projects).

Governance structure, communication flow and methods.

This report will set up the Governance Structure, Communication Flows and Methods and elaborate a Work Plan to follow up the periodic project reports.

Outcomes of INES facilities preparation phase.

A report that details the activities lead to prepare the CEA INES facilities for the deployment of the PENTAGON platform.

Summary of the execution of validation scenarios.

A report that describes and comments the implementation of the validation scenarios on the simulation platform.

Experimental test result assessment.

A report that gives the outcomes of the tests performed in the INES facilities of the PENTAGON solution.

Project Webpage and Flipboard

Project webpage and separately an online “magazine” environment to aggregate relevant news articles and to increase project visibility/branding. Due M2 and updated along life of project.

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Trade-off designs and comparative exergy evaluation of solid-oxide electrolyzer based power-to-methane plants

Author(s): Ligang Wang, Johannes Düll, François Maréchal, Jan Van herle
Published in: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Issue 44/19, 2019, Page(s) 9529-9543, ISSN 0360-3199
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.11.151

Deep Highway Networks and Tree-Based Ensemble for Predicting Short-Term Building Energy Consumption

Author(s): Muhammad Ahmad, Anthony Mouraud, Yacine Rezgui, Monjur Mourshed
Published in: Energies, Issue 11/12, 2018, Page(s) 3408, ISSN 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en11123408

Predictive modelling for solar thermal energy systems: A comparison of support vector regression, random forest, extra trees and regression trees

Author(s): Muhammad Waseem Ahmad, Jonathan Reynolds, Yacine Rezgui
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 203, 2018, Page(s) 810-821, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.207

Integrated System Design of a Small-scale Power-to-MethaneDemonstrator

Author(s): Ligang Wang, Alberto Mian, Luiz C.R. de Sousa, Stefan Diethelm, Jan Van Herle, François Maréchal
Published in: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS, Issue vol 61, 2017, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/cet1761221

Operational supply and demand optimisation of a multi-vector district energy system using artificial neural networks and a genetic algorithm

Author(s): Jonathan Reynolds, Muhammad Waseem Ahmad, Yacine Rezgui, Jean-Laurent Hippolyte
Published in: Applied Energy, Issue 235, 2019, Page(s) 699-713, ISSN 0306-2619
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.11.001

Optimal design of solid-oxide electrolyzer based power-to-methane systems: A comprehensive comparison between steam electrolysis and co-electrolysis

Author(s): Ligang Wang, Mar Pérez-Fortes, Hossein Madi, Stefan Diethelm, Jan Van herle, François Maréchal
Published in: Applied Energy, Issue 211, 2018, Page(s) 1060-1079, ISSN 0306-2619
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.11.050

Performance assessment of a multi-source heat production system with storage for district heating

Author(s): M.N. Descamps, G. Leoncini, M. Vallée, C. Paulus
Published in: Energy Procedia, Issue 149, 2018, Page(s) 390-399, ISSN 1876-6102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.08.203

Holistic modelling techniques for the operational optimisation of multi-vector energy systems

Author(s): Jonathan Reynolds, Muhammad Waseem Ahmad, Yacine Rezgui
Published in: Energy and Buildings, Issue 169, 2018, Page(s) 397-416, ISSN 0378-7788
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.03.065

Tree-based ensemble methods for predicting PV power generation and their comparison with support vector regression

Author(s): Muhammad Waseem Ahmad, Monjur Mourshed, Yacine Rezgui
Published in: Energy, Issue 164, 2018, Page(s) 465-474, ISSN 0360-5442
DOI: 10.1016/

Unlocking European Grid Local Flexibility Through Augmented Energy Conversion Capabilities at District Level

Author(s): Marco Rocchetti, Juan Manuel Espeche, Zia Lennard
Published in: Proceedings, Issue 1/7, 2017, Page(s) 684, ISSN 2504-3900
DOI: 10.3390/proceedings1070684

An efficient co-simulation and control approach to tackle complex multi-domain energetic systems: concepts and applications of the PEGASE platform

Author(s): Mathieu Vallèe, Valèrie Seguin, Valery Vuillerme, Nicolas Lamaison, Michael Descamps, R.Bavière, Antoine Aurousseau
Published in: 2019

District Heating Energy Generation Optimisation Considering Thermal Storage

Author(s): Jonathan Reynolds, Muhammad Waseem Ahmad, Yacine Rezgui
Published in: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Smart Energy Grid Engineering (SEGE), 2018, Page(s) 330-335
DOI: 10.1109/sege.2018.8499509

Optimal selection of design points for power-to-methane system with solid-oxide electrolyzer swept by oxygen.

Author(s): Ligang Wang, Guillaume Jeanmonod, S. Diethelm, François Maréchal, Jan Van herle.
Published in: 15th Symposium on Modeling and Experimental Validation of Electrochemical Energy Devices, 2018

Investigation on Design of Power-to-Gas System via Solid-oxide Electrolyzer.

Author(s): Ligang Wang, Stefan Diethelm, Jan Van herle, Francois Marechal.
Published in: 1st International Conference on Electrolysis, Copenhagen, 2018

Optimal selection of design points for power-to-methane system with solid- oxide electrolyzer swept by oxygen.

Author(s): Guillaume Jeanmonod, Ligang Wang, François Maréchal, Jan Van herle
Published in: 10th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2018), 2018

Commodity chemical production using rSOC and power-to-X concepts

Author(s): Jan Van herle, Ligang Wang
Published in: 4th International Symposium on Solid-oxide Fuel Cells For Next Generation Power Plants 2018, 2018

Operational control of a multi-energy district heating system: comparison of model-predictive control and rule-based control

Author(s): Michal Descamps, Mathieu Vallèe, Nicolas Lamaison, R.Bavière
Published in: 2019