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Crop diversification and low-input farming across Europe: from practitioners engagement and ecosystems services to increased revenues and chain organisation

Deliverables

Report on the ring trial for biodiversity assays and derived recommendations

Some of the analytical methods that will be used in the analyses of samples will undergo to preliminary inter-laboratory ring tests with the aim of assuring high quality, comparable data.

Handbook on WP5 protocols for sampling, sample procedure and analysis

Handbook developed at the beginning of WP3 to provide standardization of protocols among partners for field and laboratory investigations, so that by applying the same methodology we can effectively compare the results. The different crops within each pedoclimatic area have different environmental

Document on integrated research methodology and protocol

Common research protocol for integrating results from (a) stakeholder analysis, (b) farm level economic analysis, (c) value chain level economic and socioeconomic analysis, as well as (d) available information on environmental impacts and field experimental data, and (e) non-market benefit-costs identified and estimated using existing studies and results from our valuation efforts. Rules and protocols are formulated for proper use and interpretation of the results and indicators utilised in the integrated analysis. Data is organised in a consistent and transparent manner to ease comparisons and evaluations case by case

Cross-case study comparative policy analysis

Deep analysis of the local rural development programs n order to find out which instruments are used to promote environmental and economic sustainability

Systematic overview (map) of main typologies of agri-food value chain in the EU as connected with crop diversification

Identification of existing typologies of downstream value chain configurations in the different pedoclimatic regions where the case studies will be based. This task will focus to detect whether cropping systems and agricultural practices in different pedoclimatic regions, as introduced in the past, may have affected existing value chain configurations.

Outcomes of the multicriteria model

Mathematical calculation of the aptitude of each alternative will be done by the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution. The multicriteria model will consist of a group of alternative crop associations/agricultural practices/strategies to be selected, and a group of criteria (perspectives), in which the performance of each alternative is measured. The approach is a Multicriteria Decision Method for the arrangement of preferences to an ideal solution by similarity. The basic principle is that the chosen alternative must have the shortest distance to the positive ideal solution. Within the model, and since several participants are consulted, a decision process is carried out separately for each participant, with the aim of studying the individual choice, to later proceed with the aggregation of the information. The outcome of the model will be the establishment of the order of preferences of all alternatives for each pedoclimatic region.

Description of the selected diversified cropping systems derived from the participatory workshop

UPCT will deliver the outcomes of task 2.4 to the Regional Coordinators, which will organise a participatory workshop with all partners and stakeholders in each country with case studies to present the results of the surveys and multicriteria decision making to open a plenary discussion. The final list of diversified cropping systems for each region will be the outcomes of this workshop. The Diverfarming project addresses the issue that the adoption of a single management practice could not be enough to face all the identified socioeconomic and environmental problems, taking into account economic costs, technical constraints and social acceptation, so the synergistic use of a few suitable agricultural practices and strategies combined within diversified cropping systems will be needed. After the selection of the diversified cropping systems with low-input agronomic practices, all partners will design the experimental setup for the WPs 3-6.

Selection of crop quality and nutritional indicators for each crop and region

Crop quality and nutritional properties selected will vary among pedoclimatic regions and crop types. For cereals, legumes and industrial crops, we will measure specific grain weight, flour yield, moisture content, ash content, oil content, protein content and starch content. For tree crops and vegetables we will determine fruit weight, fruit size distribution, flesh firmness, soluble solids, juice pH, titratable acidity and water content. There are many factors that can affect the nutritional quality of crops. In Diverfarming, some factors will be assessed, such as dietary fibre, mineral composition (i.e., Na, K, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, S, I) and trace elements (i.e. Se, Cl, Pb, Co, Cr, Cd). The nutrient selection will be based on the specific crop.

Handbook on WP4 protocols for sampling, sample procedure and analysis

An important output of WP4 will be the dissemination between the partners of methods and protocols and the consolidation of standard (or standardisable) protocols to efficiently compare and correlate the results. For this purpose, a workshop will be organised at UT at the beginning of WP4 (in coordination with WP10), dedicated to the sampling strategy, samples handling and shipping, standardisation of analytical approaches, plant diversity monitoring, and overall planning of WP4 field activities. The results will be depected in the Handbook with description of all protocols to be used

Report on non-market valuations

Result of regulating services valuations estimated using cost-based methods, such as stated preferences methods: contingent valuation or choice experiment

Research protocols on how to analyse the role of value chain conditions on adoption and diffusion mechanisms

Development of common protocols among partners on how to analyse the role of value chain conditions on adoption and diffusion mechanisms in all pedoclimatic regions to compare results

A toolkit of indicators for characterising productivity and sustainability

Proposal of a set of soil and crop indicators that determine sustainability of diversified cropping systems at field scale. We will focus on changes in potential productivity rather than calculate an absolute value. This will allow to estimate crop production risks associated with unsustainable management using only simple metrics for factors such as soil texture, SOC, nutrients or pH.

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Publications

Handbook of plant and soil analysis for agricultural systems

Author(s): Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Dénes Lóczy, Sören Thiele Bruhn, Raúl Zornoza (Editors)
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2553445

First European Conference on Crop Diversification: Book of Abstracts

Author(s): Messéan, Antoine; Drexler, Dóra; Heim, Ildikó; Paresys, Lise; Stilmant, Didier; Willer, Helga
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3516329

Diverfarming General Brochure

Author(s): Silvia Márquez; Elena Lázaro; Raúl Zornoza
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1404255

Deficit Drip Irrigation in Processing of Tomato Production in the Mediterranean Basin: A Data Analysis for Italy

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Claudia Di Bene
Published in: Agriculture, Issue 9/4, 2019, Page(s) 79, ISSN 2077-0472
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture9040079

A rolling horizon simulation approach for managing demand with lead time variability

Author(s): Francisco Campuzano-Bolarín, Josefa Mula, Manuel Díaz-Madroñero, Álvar-Ginés Legaz-Aparicio
Published in: International Journal of Production Research, 2019, Page(s) 1-21, ISSN 0020-7543
DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2019.1634849

Partnering for sustainability in agri-food supply chains: the case of Barilla Sustainable Farming in the Po Valley

Author(s): Barbara Pancino, Emanuele Blasi, Anne Rappoldt, Stefano Pascucci, Luca Ruini, Cesare Ronchi
Published in: Agricultural and Food Economics, Issue 7/1, 2019, ISSN 2193-7532
DOI: 10.1186/s40100-019-0133-9

The impact of intercropping, tillage and fertilizer type on soil and crop yield in fruit orchards under Mediterranean conditions: A meta-analysis of field studies

Author(s): Alicia Morugán-Coronado, Carlos Linares, María Dolores Gómez-López, Ángel Faz, Raúl Zornoza
Published in: Agricultural Systems, Issue 178, 2020, Page(s) 102736, ISSN 0308-521X
DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102736

Carbon emissions and economic assessment of farm operations under different tillage practices in organic rainfed almond orchards in semiarid Mediterranean conditions

Author(s): Bernardo Martin-Gorriz, José F. Maestre-Valero, María Almagro, Carolina Boix-Fayos, María Martínez-Mena
Published in: Scientia Horticulturae, 2019, Page(s) 108978, ISSN 0304-4238
DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108978

Diversified Arable Cropping Systems and Management Schemes in Selected European Regions Have Positive Effects on Soil Organic Carbon Content

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Claudia Di Bene, Lingtong Gai, Kristiina Regina, Eila Turtola
Published in: Agriculture, Issue 9, 2019, ISSN 2077-0472
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture9120261

Long-term effectiveness of sustainable land management practices to control runoff, soil erosion, and nutrient loss and the role of rainfall intensity in Mediterranean rainfed agroecosystems

Author(s): M. Martínez-Mena, E. Carrillo-López, C. Boix-Fayos, M. Almagro, N. García Franco, E. Díaz-Pereira, I. Montoya, J. de Vente
Published in: CATENA, Issue 187, 2020, Page(s) 104352, ISSN 0341-8162
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2019.104352

Valuing diversification benefits through intercropping in Mediterranean agroecosystems: A choice experiment approach

Author(s): Francisco Alcon, Cristina Marín-Miñano, José A. Zabala, María-Dolores de-Miguel, José M. Martínez-Paz
Published in: Ecological Economics, Issue 171, 2020, Page(s) 106593, ISSN 0921-8009
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106593

Diversification and Management Practices in Selected European Regions. A Data Analysis of Arable Crops Production

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Claudia Di Bene, Lingtong Gai, Kristiina Regina, Eila Turtola
Published in: Agronomy, Issue 10/2, 2020, Page(s) 297, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10020297