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Crop diversification and low-input farming across Europe: from practitioners engagement and ecosystems services to increased revenues and chain organisation


Report on the ring trial for biodiversity assays and derived recommendations

Some of the analytical methods that will be used in the analyses of samples will undergo to preliminary inter-laboratory ring tests with the aim of assuring high quality, comparable data.

Handbook on WP5 protocols for sampling, sample procedure and analysis

Handbook developed at the beginning of WP3 to provide standardization of protocols among partners for field and laboratory investigations, so that by applying the same methodology we can effectively compare the results. The different crops within each pedoclimatic area have different environmental

Document on integrated research methodology and protocol

Common research protocol for integrating results from (a) stakeholder analysis, (b) farm level economic analysis, (c) value chain level economic and socioeconomic analysis, as well as (d) available information on environmental impacts and field experimental data, and (e) non-market benefit-costs identified and estimated using existing studies and results from our valuation efforts. Rules and protocols are formulated for proper use and interpretation of the results and indicators utilised in the integrated analysis. Data is organised in a consistent and transparent manner to ease comparisons and evaluations case by case

Cross-case study comparative policy analysis

Deep analysis of the local rural development programs n order to find out which instruments are used to promote environmental and economic sustainability

Systematic overview (map) of main typologies of agri-food value chain in the EU as connected with crop diversification

Identification of existing typologies of downstream value chain configurations in the different pedoclimatic regions where the case studies will be based. This task will focus to detect whether cropping systems and agricultural practices in different pedoclimatic regions, as introduced in the past, may have affected existing value chain configurations.

Outcomes of the multicriteria model

Mathematical calculation of the aptitude of each alternative will be done by the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution. The multicriteria model will consist of a group of alternative crop associations/agricultural practices/strategies to be selected, and a group of criteria (perspectives), in which the performance of each alternative is measured. The approach is a Multicriteria Decision Method for the arrangement of preferences to an ideal solution by similarity. The basic principle is that the chosen alternative must have the shortest distance to the positive ideal solution. Within the model, and since several participants are consulted, a decision process is carried out separately for each participant, with the aim of studying the individual choice, to later proceed with the aggregation of the information. The outcome of the model will be the establishment of the order of preferences of all alternatives for each pedoclimatic region.

Farm level economic benefits, costs and improved sustainability of diversified cropping systems

Estimation of the economic impacts of sustainable soil, water, crop and farm management.

Description of the selected diversified cropping systems derived from the participatory workshop

UPCT will deliver the outcomes of task 2.4 to the Regional Coordinators, which will organise a participatory workshop with all partners and stakeholders in each country with case studies to present the results of the surveys and multicriteria decision making to open a plenary discussion. The final list of diversified cropping systems for each region will be the outcomes of this workshop. The Diverfarming project addresses the issue that the adoption of a single management practice could not be enough to face all the identified socioeconomic and environmental problems, taking into account economic costs, technical constraints and social acceptation, so the synergistic use of a few suitable agricultural practices and strategies combined within diversified cropping systems will be needed. After the selection of the diversified cropping systems with low-input agronomic practices, all partners will design the experimental setup for the WPs 3-6.

Selection of crop quality and nutritional indicators for each crop and region

Crop quality and nutritional properties selected will vary among pedoclimatic regions and crop types. For cereals, legumes and industrial crops, we will measure specific grain weight, flour yield, moisture content, ash content, oil content, protein content and starch content. For tree crops and vegetables we will determine fruit weight, fruit size distribution, flesh firmness, soluble solids, juice pH, titratable acidity and water content. There are many factors that can affect the nutritional quality of crops. In Diverfarming, some factors will be assessed, such as dietary fibre, mineral composition (i.e., Na, K, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, S, I) and trace elements (i.e. Se, Cl, Pb, Co, Cr, Cd). The nutrient selection will be based on the specific crop.

Guidelines showing the future pathways for agricultural machinery innovation in Europe adapted to crop diversification to increase global sustainability

Assessment of the benefits and limitation in terms of consumption of fuel, GHG emissions, soil disturbance and time of labour of available machinery. Results of surveys of farmers, policy makers and researchers to gather the actual needs and demands in agricultural machinery innovation

Handbook on WP4 protocols for sampling, sample procedure and analysis

An important output of WP4 will be the dissemination between the partners of methods and protocols and the consolidation of standard (or standardisable) protocols to efficiently compare and correlate the results. For this purpose, a workshop will be organised at UT at the beginning of WP4 (in coordination with WP10), dedicated to the sampling strategy, samples handling and shipping, standardisation of analytical approaches, plant diversity monitoring, and overall planning of WP4 field activities. The results will be depected in the Handbook with description of all protocols to be used

Report on non-market valuations

Result of regulating services valuations estimated using cost-based methods, such as stated preferences methods: contingent valuation or choice experiment

Research protocols on how to analyse the role of value chain conditions on adoption and diffusion mechanisms

Development of common protocols among partners on how to analyse the role of value chain conditions on adoption and diffusion mechanisms in all pedoclimatic regions to compare results

A toolkit of indicators for characterising productivity and sustainability

Proposal of a set of soil and crop indicators that determine sustainability of diversified cropping systems at field scale. We will focus on changes in potential productivity rather than calculate an absolute value. This will allow to estimate crop production risks associated with unsustainable management using only simple metrics for factors such as soil texture, SOC, nutrients or pH.

Development of routines to simulate C sequestration of diversified cropping systems

Simulation of C dynamics in the soil with field data from the Diverfarming case studies within the diverse pedoclimatic regions and agricultural practices included in the project

Searching for OpenAIRE data...


Enabling crop diversification to support transitions to sustainable agri-food systems: Joining forces to diversify European agriculture

Author(s): Messéan, Antoine; Karley, Alison; Justes, Eric; Aubertot, Jean-Noël; Iannetta, Pietro; Muel, Frédéric; Zornoza, Raúl
Published in: 2021
Publisher: Zenodo
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4804767

Goal frames and sustainability transitions: how cognitive lock‑ins can impede crop diversification

Author(s): Chiara Sophia Weituschat; Stefano Pascucci; Valentina Cristiana Materia; Peter Tamas; Ruth de Jong; Jacques Trienekens
Published in: Sustainability Science, 2022, ISSN 1862-4057
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/s11625-022-01156-5

Effects of Management and Hillside Position on Soil Organic Carbon Stratification in Mediterranean Centenary Olive Grove

Author(s): Jesús Aguilera-Huertas, Beatriz Lozano-García, Manuel González-Rosado, Luis Parras-Alcántara
Published in: Agronomy, 11/4, 2021, Page(s) 650, ISSN 2073-4395
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11040650

Modeling Soil Carbon Under Diverse Cropping Systems and Farming Management in Contrasting Climatic Regions in Europe

Author(s): Khadiza Begum; Raul Zornoza; Roberta Farina; Riitta Lemola; Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes; Marianna Cerasuolo
Published in: Frontiers in Environmental Science, 2022, ISSN 2296-665X
Publisher: Frontiers
DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.819162

Intercropping Practices in Mediterranean Mandarin Orchards from an Environmental and Economic Perspective

Author(s): Bernardo Martin-Gorriz, José A. Zabala, Virginia Sánchez-Navarro, Belén Gallego-Elvira, Víctor Martínez-García, Francisco Alcon and José Francisco Maestre-Valero
Published in: Agriculture, 2022, ISSN 2077-0472
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture12050574

Crop Diversification Effects on Soil Aggregation and Aggregate-Associated Carbon and Nitrogen in Short-Term Rainfed Olive Groves under SemiaridMediterranean Conditions

Author(s): Manuel González-Rosado , Luis Parras-Alcántara , Jesús Aguilera-Huertas and Beatriz Lozano-García
Published in: Horticulturae, 2022, ISSN 2311-7524
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/horticulturae8070618

Sources of Light Density Microplastic Related to Two Agricultural Practices: The Use of Compost and Plastic Mulch

Author(s): Benjamin van Schothorst, Nicolas Beriot, Esperanza Huerta Lwanga, Violette Geissen
Published in: Environments, 8/4, 2021, Page(s) 36, ISSN 2076-3298
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/environments8040036

Cocktails of pesticide residues in conventional and organic farming systems in Europe – Legacy of the past and turning point for the future

Author(s): Violette Geissen, Vera Silva, Esperanza Huerta Lwanga, Nicolas Beriot, Klaas Oostindie, Zhaoqi Bin, Erin Pyne, Sjors Busink, Paul Zomer, Hans Mol, Coen J. Ritsema
Published in: Environmental Pollution, 278, 2021, Page(s) 116827, ISSN 0269-7491
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116827

Forging Forms of Authority through the Sociomateriality of Food in Partial Organizations

Author(s): Stefano Pascucci; Domenico Dentoni; Jen Clements; Kim Poldner; William B. Gartner
Published in: Organization Studies, 42/2, 2021, ISSN 1741-3044
Publisher: SAGE
DOI: 10.1177/0170840620980232

Barriers and Opportunities for the Implementation of Sustainable Farming Practices in Mediterranean Tree Orchards

Author(s): Javier Calatrava, David Martínez-Granados, Raúl Zornoza, Manuel González-Rosado, Beatriz Lozano-García, Manuela Vega-Zamora, María Dolores Gómez-López
Published in: Agronomy, 11/5, 2021, Page(s) 821, ISSN 2073-4395
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11050821

Response of boreal clay soil properties and erosion to ten years of no-till management

Author(s): Henri Honkanen, Eila Turtola, Riitta Lemola, Jaakko Heikkinen, Visa Nuutinen, Risto Uusitalo, Janne Kaseva, Kristiina Regina
Published in: Soil and Tillage Research, 212, 2021, Page(s) 105043, ISSN 0167-1987
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2021.105043

A laboratory comparison of the interactions between three plastic mulch types and 38 active substances found in pesticides

Author(s): Nicolas Beriot; Paul Zomer; Raul Zornoza; Violette Geissen
Published in: PeerJ, 2020, ISSN 2167-8359
Publisher: PeerJ
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.9876

Evaluating Non-Market Values of Agroecological and Socio-Cultural Benefits of Diversified Cropping Systems

Author(s): Terhi Latvala, Kristiina Regina, Heikki Lehtonen
Published in: Environmental Management, 67/5, 2021, Page(s) 988-999, ISSN 0364-152X
Publisher: Springer Verlag
DOI: 10.1007/s00267-021-01437-2

Barriers and Opportunities for Sustainable Farming Practices and Crop Diversification Strategies in Mediterranean Cereal-Based System

Author(s): Claudia Di Bene; María Dolores Gómez López; Rosa Francaviglia; Roberta Farina; Emanuele Blasi; David Martínez Granados; Javier Calatrava
Published in: Frontiers in Environmental Science, 2022, ISSN 2296-665X
Publisher: Frontiers
DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.861225

Long-term impacts of organic and conventional farming on the soil microbiome in boreal arable soil

Author(s): Krista Peltoniemi, Sannakajsa Velmala, Hannu Fritze, Riitta Lemola, Taina Pennanen
Published in: European Journal of Soil Biology, 104, 2021, Page(s) 103314, ISSN 1164-5563
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2021.103314

Changes in Bacterial and Fungal Soil Communities in Long-Term Organic Cropping Systems

Author(s): Jessica Cuartero, Onurcan Özbolat, Virginia Sánchez-Navarro, Marcos Egea-Cortines, Raúl Zornoza, Loredana Canfora, Luigi Orrù, Jose Antonio Pascual, Juana-María Vivo, Margarita Ros
Published in: Agriculture, 11/5, 2021, Page(s) 445, ISSN 2077-0472
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture11050445

Application of a topographic pedosequence in the Villány Hills for terroir characterization

Author(s): Szabolcs Czigány, Tibor József Novák, Ervin Pirkhoffer, Gábor Nagy, Dénes Lóczy, József Dezső, Szabolcs Ákos Fábián, Marcin Świtoniak, Przemyslaw Charzyński
Published in: Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 69/3, 2020, Page(s) 245-261, ISSN 2064-5031
Publisher: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Geographical Research Institute
DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.69.3.2

Integrating Inventory and Transport Capacity Planning in a Food Supply Chain

Author(s): A. J. Freile, J. Mula, F. Campuzano-Bolarin
Published in: International Journal of Simulation Modelling, 19/3, 2020, Page(s) 434-445, ISSN 1726-4529
Publisher: DAAAM International Vienna
DOI: 10.2507/IJSIMM19-3-523

A first-year melon/cowpea intercropping system improves soil nutrients and changes the soil microbial community

Author(s): Jessica Cuartero, Jose Antonio Pascual, Juana-María Vivo, Onurcan Özbolat, Virginia Sánchez-Navarro, Marcos Egea-Cortines, Raúl Zornoza, Maria Martinez-Mena, Eloisa Garcia, Margarita Ros
Published in: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2022, ISSN 0167-8809
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2022.107856

Crop growth, carbon sequestration and soil erosion in an organic vineyard of the Villány Wine District, Southwest Hungary

Author(s): József Dezső, Dénes Lóczy, Marietta Rezsek, Roman Hüppi, János Werner, László Horváth
Published in: Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 69/3, 2020, Page(s) 281-298, ISSN 2064-5031
Publisher: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Geographical Research Institute
DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.69.3.4

Crop Diversification in Viticulture with Aromatic Plants: Effects of Intercropping on Grapevine Productivity in a Steep-Slope Vineyard in the Mosel Area, Germany

Author(s): Felix Dittrich, Thomas Iserloh, Cord-Henrich Treseler, Roman Hüppi, Sophie Ogan, Manuel Seeger, Sören Thiele-Bruhn
Published in: Agriculture, 11/2, 2021, Page(s) 95, ISSN 2077-0472
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture11020095

Deficit Drip Irrigation in Processing of Tomato Production in the Mediterranean Basin: A Data Analysis for Italy

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Claudia Di Bene
Published in: Agriculture, 9/4, 2019, Page(s) 79, ISSN 2077-0472
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture9040079

A rolling horizon simulation approach for managing demand with lead time variability

Author(s): Francisco Campuzano-Bolarín, Josefa Mula, Manuel Díaz-Madroñero, Álvar-Ginés Legaz-Aparicio
Published in: International Journal of Production Research, 2019, Page(s) 1-21, ISSN 0020-7543
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2019.1634849

Partnering for sustainability in agri-food supply chains: the case of Barilla Sustainable Farming in the Po Valley

Author(s): Barbara Pancino, Emanuele Blasi, Anne Rappoldt, Stefano Pascucci, Luca Ruini, Cesare Ronchi
Published in: Agricultural and Food Economics, 7/1, 2019, ISSN 2193-7532
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1186/s40100-019-0133-9

The impact of intercropping, tillage and fertilizer type on soil and crop yield in fruit orchards under Mediterranean conditions: A meta-analysis of field studies

Author(s): Alicia Morugán-Coronado, Carlos Linares, María Dolores Gómez-López, Ángel Faz, Raúl Zornoza
Published in: Agricultural Systems, 178, 2020, Page(s) 102736, ISSN 0308-521X
Publisher: Applied Science Publishers
DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102736

Carbon emissions and economic assessment of farm operations under different tillage practices in organic rainfed almond orchards in semiarid Mediterranean conditions

Author(s): Bernardo Martin-Gorriz, José F. Maestre-Valero, María Almagro, Carolina Boix-Fayos, María Martínez-Mena
Published in: Scientia Horticulturae, 2019, Page(s) 108978, ISSN 0304-4238
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108978

Diversified Arable Cropping Systems and Management Schemes in Selected European Regions Have Positive Effects on Soil Organic Carbon Content

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Claudia Di Bene, Lingtong Gai, Kristiina Regina, Eila Turtola
Published in: Agriculture, 9, 2019, ISSN 2077-0472
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agriculture9120261

Long-term effectiveness of sustainable land management practices to control runoff, soil erosion, and nutrient loss and the role of rainfall intensity in Mediterranean rainfed agroecosystems

Author(s): M. Martínez-Mena, E. Carrillo-López, C. Boix-Fayos, M. Almagro, N. García Franco, E. Díaz-Pereira, I. Montoya, J. de Vente
Published in: CATENA, 187, 2020, Page(s) 104352, ISSN 0341-8162
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2019.104352

Valuing diversification benefits through intercropping in Mediterranean agroecosystems: A choice experiment approach

Author(s): Francisco Alcon, Cristina Marín-Miñano, José A. Zabala, María-Dolores de-Miguel, José M. Martínez-Paz
Published in: Ecological Economics, 171, 2020, Page(s) 106593, ISSN 0921-8009
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106593

Diversification and Management Practices in Selected European Regions. A Data Analysis of Arable Crops Production

Author(s): Rosa Francaviglia, Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Claudia Di Bene, Lingtong Gai, Kristiina Regina, Eila Turtola
Published in: Agronomy, 10/2, 2020, Page(s) 297, ISSN 2073-4395
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10020297

Perennial alley cropping contributes to decrease soil CO2 and N2O emissions and increase soil carbon sequestration in a Mediterranean almond orchard

Author(s): Virginia Sánchez Navarro; Vajihe Shahrokh; Silvia Martínez Martínez; Jose A. Acosta; María Almagro; María Martínez Mena; Carolina Boix Fayos; Elvira Díaz Pereira; Raúl Zornoza
Published in: Science of the Total Environment, 2022, ISSN 0048-9697
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157225

Low density-microplastics detected in sheep faeces and soil: A case study from the intensive vegetable farming in Southeast Spain

Author(s): Nicolas Beriot, Joost Peek, Raul Zornoza, Violette Geissen, Esperanza Huerta Lwanga
Published in: Science of The Total Environment, 755, 2021, Page(s) 142653, ISSN 0048-9697
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142653

A General Outline of a Sustainable Supply Chain 4.0

Author(s): Héctor Cañas, Josefa Mula, Francisco Campuzano-Bolarín
Published in: Sustainability, 12/19, 2020, Page(s) 7978, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su12197978

How Tillage and Crop Rotation Change the Distribution Pattern of Fungi

Author(s): Luigi Orrù, Loredana Canfora, Alessandra Trinchera, Melania Migliore, Bruno Pennelli, Andrea Marcucci, Roberta Farina, Flavia Pinzari
Published in: Frontiers in Microbiology, 12, 2021, ISSN 1664-302X
Publisher: Frontiers Media
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.634325

Short-term impact of crop diversification on soil carbon fluxes and balance in rainfed and irrigated woody cropping systems under semiarid Mediterranean conditions

Author(s): María Martínez-Mena, Carolina Boix-Fayos, Efrain Carrillo-López, Elvira Díaz-Pereira, Raúl Zornoza, Virginia Sánchez-Navarro, Jose A. Acosta, Silvia Martínez-Martínez, María Almagro
Published in: Plant and Soil, 2021, ISSN 0032-079X
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-021-05101-w

Soil Productivity Degradation in a Long-Term Eroded Olive Orchard under Semiarid Mediterranean Conditions

Author(s): Manuel González-Rosado, Luis Parras-Alcántara, Jesús Aguilera-Huertas, Beatriz Lozano-García
Published in: Agronomy, 11/4, 2021, Page(s) 812, ISSN 2073-4395
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11040812

A comprehensive assessment of diversified cropping systems on agro-environmental sustainability in three Mediterranean long-term field experiments

Author(s): Vanino, Silvia; Di Bene, Claudia; Piccini, Chiara; Fila, Gianni; Pennelli, Bruno; Zornoza, Raúl; Sanchez-Navarro, Virginia; Álvaro-Fuentes, Jorge; Huppi, Roman; Six, Johan; Farina, Roberta
Published in: European Journal of Agronomy, 2, 2022, ISSN 1161-0301
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7014448

Long-Term Compost Amendment Changes Interactions and Specialization in the Soil Bacterial Community, Increasing the Presence of Beneficial N-Cycling Genes in the Soil

Author(s): Jessica Cuartero, Onurcan Özbolat, Virginia Sánchez-Navarro, Julia Weiss, Raúl Zornoza, José Antonio Pascual, Juana-María Vivo, Margarita Ros
Published in: Agronomy, 2022, ISSN 2073-4395
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy12020316

Handbook of plant and soil analysis for agricultural systems

Author(s): Jorge Álvaro-Fuentes, Dénes Lóczy, Sören Thiele Bruhn, Raúl Zornoza (Editors)
Published in: 2019, ISBN 978-84-16325-86-3
Publisher: Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2553445

First European Conference on Crop Diversification: Book of Abstracts

Author(s): Messéan, Antoine; Drexler, Dóra; Heim, Ildikó; Paresys, Lise; Stilmant, Didier; Willer, Helga
Published in: 2019
Publisher: DiverIMPACTS project
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3516329

Diverfarming General Brochure

Author(s): Silvia Márquez; Elena Lázaro; Raúl Zornoza
Published in: 2018
Publisher: Diverfarming consortium
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1404255