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Rethinking coastal defence and Green-Energy Service infrastructures through enHancEd-durAbiLIty high-performance fiber reinforced cement-based materials.


Verification of sensitivity and reliability of ND methods and sensors

The deliverable reports the results of the verification of sensitivity and reliability of non-destructive sensors employed in measuring on-site the durability of UHDC for XS and XA exposure conditions and addresses choices for the use in the pilot in WP8. Related to Task 5.2.

Recommendation for the use of recycled UHDC elements as aggregates in new concrete.

The report, in a harmonized framework with existing national and international guidelines and standards, will contain information for the recyclability of UHDC disposed elements after exposure to different defined conditions. These include: determination of the characteristics of the recycled aggregate, with respect to physical and chemical properties.; measurement of rheological, mechanical and durability characteristics produced with recycled UHDC, definition of limits for recycled UHDC with respect to different indicators. The parameters and the limits defined, defined shall form the basis of new recommendations for recycled UHDC. Related to Task 4.5.

Particularisation of durability criteria for design of UHDCs to extend service life of infrastructures in XS and XA environments.

Composition and durability criteria for designing UHDCs that ensure the service life improvements of 100% in un-cracked state, 30% in cracked in XS and XA conditions. Related to Task 5.3.

Recommendation on the use of CA, nano-fibres and nano-cellulose for producing UHDC

The deliverable will contain information about crystalline admixtures, nanofibers and nanocellulose and the corresponding process parameters that will enable successful formulation and delivery of UHDC functionalized through the one-of-a-kind properties of the additives. Related to Task 4.1.

Definition and description of the scenarios for WP8 pilots

This document will collect and analyse case-study data provided by the industrial partners about durability concrete pathologies for the applications of interest, in order to establish the key factors for durability depending on the application: large-scale civil works in dock construction and enlargement, concrete application in geothermal plants, design and construction of precast elements for harbour services and coastal defence infrastructures and underground structures treated with local repairing interventions employing crystalline additives. Related to Task 3.2.

Consolidated modified MODA template and LCA formalism

These deliverables are aimed at updating the MODA template, taking also into account the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis and results, for the evaluation of the durability and sustainability performances of the proposed materials. The durability performance will be investigated through modeling activities, based on the investigation of the: 1) aging phenomena of UHDC, as modified by functionalizing constituents, including corrosion of reinforcement; 2) crack self-sealing/healing processes in UHDCs as also engineered through functionalizing constituents. Instead, the environmental performance will be analyzed through the: 3) Life Cycle Assessment methodology. In detail: - I version M30: The first version of the deliverable will describe the modelling activities to assess the aging of UHPFRC and its service-life prediction when exposed to extremely aggressive environments according to the MODA template workflow: • Identification and “importance weighing” of physical and chemical degradation processes originating from aggressive environments, taking into account the mineral matrix composition and its tailored functionalities, including self-healing, modifications due to micro-cracked conditions, the matrix/reinforcement/aggregate interfaces and the reinforcements based on successive outcomes of WP4; • Definition of serviceability limit states in each detected aspect of degradation and deterioration; • Compilation of modified MODA template. Moreover, in this deliverable an overview of the LCA will be also reported focusing on the first phase of the methodology: the Goal and Scope Definition phase, according to the ILCD Handbook and the ISO 14040 and 14044 standards. - II version M37: the second version of the deliverable will present the preliminary results of the LCA of the selected UHDC solutions (materials and components) using, for the Life Cycle Inventory phase, data and feedback coming from the other WPs (i.e. WP4, WP7 etc.). - III version M42: the final version of the deliverable will update and validate the results of the LCA of UHPC. Data for the LCA analysis will be updated on the basis of the results of demonstration and pilot activities (WP7). Related to Tasks 6.1 and 6.2.

Guidelines for mix-design formulation of functionalized UHDC and adaption to different application technologies

The deliverable demonstrates the fulfilment of SO1 and contains information on mix design concept and criteria for UHDCs finalized to different application technologies (including self consolidating, textile impregnated) and different exposure conditions. Related to Tasks 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4.

Verification of durability of UHDCs under XS and XA accelerated tests

The report summarizes the results and provides guidelines to check the durability of UHDC through accelerated exposure tests to the devised aggressive environments. It addresses measurement of the change of chemical composition and microstructures via SEM, EDS, TGA and XRD. Related to Task 5.1.

Definition of key durability parameters for each scenario

Report justifying durability Key Performance Indicators and their target values to be achieved by the designed UHDCs for each scenario, taking into account exposure conditions, type of structure and required application (new/retrofitting). Related to Task 3.1.

Key Performance Success Indicators, and common testing conditions.

Definition of the Key Performance Success Indicators for the pilots, specifying: success criteria, common and specific testing conditions and timing of monitoring for each scenario. - Monitoring and sensor systems type and location to be employed in pilot scale validation,. - Specification of the measurable goals, minimum target values, and success criteria to be used for the validation in real conditions. - Identification of common operating conditions to be applied during demonstration. Related to Task 8.1.

Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: LCA, LCC and SLCA

This deliverable is aimed at describing the global sustainability performance of developed solutions, (environmental, economic and social) compared to conventional technologies. The first version (M36) will describe the LCC and SLCA methodologies and summarize the preliminary economic and social results of the investigated solutions. This first version will also include update, if any, of D6.1 (submitted at M30). The final version (M51, which will be included in D2.5), using the data of D5.1 (M42) and updating and validating the results of the previous D6.1, will combine and integrate the outputs of LCA, LCC and SLCA into an eco-efficiency assessment (i.e. Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment), identifying the solutions (materials and components) with the best sustainability performance. Related to Tasks 7.1 and 7.2.

MOOC training schools

for professionals, PhD and researchers replicated also at month 48 Contents of the two events can be as follows: Event 1: focus on material production and mix-design composition, benefits achieved in terms of durability, preliminary DAD approach and demo designs; Event 2: present the report D5.3 with the code format (practitioner) version of the DAD and develop complete design examples taking from the pilot, at that time under solid validation stage. Related to Task 9.7.

project brochures

updated at months 28 and 38 Design, print and update of brochures to disseminate the project activities in the communication events organized (fairs, meetings, website, etc). The goal is maximizing the impact and reach potential future customers. The brochure will be market-oriented in order to support at medium term the commercialization of the technologies developed in the project. Related to Tasks 9.3 and 9.6.

DAD methodology description

led by STRESS LTP RINA Report on the description of the Durability Assessment based Design methodology (DAD) which will be adopted to formulate and develop the UHDC material and for the structural design of the intended application cases. Based on the previously identified structures and operational scenarios, and on the associated key performance indicators, a durability evaluation and modelling activity in real service conditions will be carried out. Results of the analysis developed in WP2 will be applied in the framework of the monitoring and validation activities of the pilot demonstrator, to be performed in WP7. The deliverable will be divided into two parts: 1) I version M18: Using the output of T2.2., relating to the identifications of key factors affecting material and structural durability, the general description of the DAD concept and methodology for the formulation of UHDC will be presented. The key factors will be also characterized through the preliminary analysis and the structural modelling at macro scale of the identified structures (T2.2), considering the case with or w/o the adoption of the UHDC. 2) II version M32: validation and updates of the DAD methodology will be provided through a continuous interaction with the activities and the results of others WPs; in particular, the DAD will be contextualized through its application on the pilot case studies (WP7). Related to Task 3.3.

UHDC retrofitting pilot report

The deliverable will include the activity dealing with the retrofitting of a r/c water tower in the Grand Harbour region in Malta. It will contain information about the design of the structure and of the monitoring system, integrated and designed for short term and long term monitoring, data collection, communicating and processing, the construction and implementation, the monitoring phase and data collection and the validation of the intervention and decommissioning. Appropriate choice of materials including UHDC mix based on the defined constituents and for the specific site and environmental exposure conditions will be detailed. It will be updated at months 40 and 46. Related to Task 8.5.

Data management plan

It contains information on the management of data generated by the project activities both during the 4years span of the project and after the project has been completed. It will be structured as follows: 0. Administrative data on the project and on the DMP; 1. Dataset description, generation and collection, including type of study, source and type of data, nature and format, amount and requirements for hardware and software, data reuse and integration and value of the data set; 2. Data management, documentation and curation, including storage access and backup policies, metadata and data standards, and quality; 3. DATA SECURITY AND CONFIDENTIALLY OF POTENTIALLY DISCLOSIVE INFORMATION, including identification of confidential and sensitive data, main risks to their security, ethics and legal compliance; 4. Data selection and preservation, including definition of the data which will be preserved and how and how long; 5. Data sharing, governance of access, roles and responsibility of users; 6. Responsibilities and resources 7. Any other relevant institutional policies for data sharing and securities. Related to Task 2.2 website

RDC will lead the creation and update of the project website (, which will be the main platform to upload the project contents and link the sources with additional information. On the site the project public results will be uploaded and updated, together with activities, newsletters, brochures, public reports and link to scientific papers. The site will be promoted in social networks, websites of the beneficiaries, brochures and fairs. The MOOC will be organized through this website. Related to specific aspect of Task 9.4.

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Mechanical properties and self-healing capacity of Ultra High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete with alumina nano-fibres: Tailoring Ultra High Durability Concrete for aggressive exposure scenarios

Author(s): Estefania Cuenca; Leonardo D'Ambrosio; Dennis Lizunov; Aleksei Tretjakov; Olga Volobujeva; Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Cement and Concrete Composites, Issue 5, 2021, Page(s) 1-17, ISSN 0958-9465
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.103956

Durability-Based Design of Structures Made with Ultra-High-Performance/Ultra-High-Durability Concrete in Extremely Aggressive Scenarios: Application to a Geothermal Water Basin Case Study

Author(s): Salam Al-Obaidi, Patrick Bamonte, Massimo Luchini, Iacopo Mazzantini, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Infrastructures, Issue 5/11, 2020, Page(s) 102, ISSN 2412-3811
DOI: 10.3390/infrastructures5110102

Crystalline Admixture as Healing Promoter in Concrete Exposed to Chloride-Rich Environments: Experimental Study

Author(s): Estefanía Cuenca, Stefano Rigamonti, Enricomaria Gastaldo Brac, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Issue 33/3, 2021, Page(s) 04020491, ISSN 0899-1561
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0003604

Synergy between crystalline admixtures and nano-constituents in enhancing autogenous healing capacity of cementitious composites under cracking and healing cycles in aggressive waters

Author(s): Estefania Cuenca, Alessandro Mezzena, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Construction and Building Materials, Issue 266, 2021, Page(s) 121447, ISSN 0950-0618
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121447

Meta-Analysis and Machine Learning Models to Optimize the Efficiency of Self-Healing Capacity of Cementitious Material

Author(s): Shashank Gupta, Salam Al-Obaidi, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Materials, Issue 14/16, 2021, Page(s) 4437, ISSN 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma14164437

Tensile behaviour identification in Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites: indirect tension tests and back analysis of flexural test results

Author(s): Francesco Lo Monte, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Materials and Structures, Issue 53/6, 2020, Page(s) 12, ISSN 1359-5997
DOI: 10.1617/s11527-020-01576-8

The effect of compatibility and dimensionality of carbon nanofillers on cement composites

Author(s): Amr Alatawna, Matan Birenboim, Roey Nadiv, Matat Buzaglo, Sivan Peretz-Damari, Alva Peled, Oren Regev, Raghu Sripada
Published in: Construction and Building Materials, Issue 232, 2020, Page(s) 117141, ISSN 0950-0618
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117141

Self-healing characterization of UHPFRCC with crystalline admixture: Experimental assessment via multi-test/multi-parameter approach

Author(s): Francesco Lo Monte, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Construction and Building Materials, Issue 283, 2021, Page(s) 122579, ISSN 0950-0618
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.122579

Innovative Design Concept of Cooling Water Tanks/Basins in Geothermal Power Plants Using Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete with Enhanced Durability

Author(s): Salam Al-Obaidi, Patrick Bamonte, Francesco Animato, Francesco Lo Monte, Iacopo Mazzantini, Massimo Luchini, Sandra Scalari, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 13/17, 2021, Page(s) 9826, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su13179826

Influence of Cracking on Oxygen Transport in UHPFRC Using Stainless Steel Sensors

Author(s): Ana Martínez-Ibernón, Marta Roig-Flores, Josep Lliso-Ferrando, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Manuel Valcuende, Pedro Serna
Published in: Applied Sciences, Issue 10/1, 2020, Page(s) 239, ISSN 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app10010239

Effects of Autogenous and Stimulated Self-Healing on Durability and Mechanical Performance of UHPFRC: Validation of Tailored Test Method through Multi-Performance Healing-Induced Recovery Indices

Author(s): Estefanía Cuenca, Francesco Lo Monte, Marina Moro, Andrea Schiona, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 13/20, 2021, Page(s) 11386, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su132011386

Performance Assessment of Ultra-High Durability Concrete Produced From Recycled Ultra-High Durability Concrete

Author(s): Ruben Paul Borg, Estefania Cuenca, Roberto Garofalo, Fabrizio Schillani, Milena Lozano Nasner, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Frontiers in Built Environment, Issue 7, 2021, Page(s) 20, ISSN 2297-3362
DOI: 10.3389/fbuil.2021.648220

Evaluation of the Self-healing Capability of Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete with Nano-Particles and Crystalline Admixtures by Means of Permeability

Author(s): Hesam Doostkami, Marta Roig-Flores, Alberto Negrini, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Pedro Serna
Published in: Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Improvements and Innovations - RILEM-fib International Symposium on FRC (BEFIB) in 2020, Issue 30, 2021, Page(s) 489-499
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-58482-5_45

Life Cycle Assessment on the Use of Ultra High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concretes with Enhanced Durability for Structures in Extremely Aggressive Environments: Case Study Analyses

Author(s): M. C. Caruso, C. Pascale, E. Camacho, S. Scalari, F. Animato, M. C. Alonso, M. Gimenez, L. Ferrara
Published in: Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning - Proceedings of ConcreteLife’20, Issue 26, 2020, Page(s) 121-125
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43332-1_24

Self-healing Stimulated by Crystalline Admixtures in Chloride Rich Environments: Is It Possible to Extend the Structure Service Life?

Author(s): E. Cuenca, E. M. Gastaldo Brac, S. Rigamonti, V. Violante, L. Ferrara
Published in: Concrete Durability and Service Life Planning - Proceedings of ConcreteLife’20, Issue 26, 2020, Page(s) 141-147
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43332-1_28

Predicting the long term performance of structures made with advanced cement based materials in extremely aggresive environments: current state of practice and research needs. The approach of the H2020 Project ReSHEALience

Author(s): Giovanni di Luzio; Liberato Ferrara; Maria Cruz Alonso y Alonso; Philip Kunz; Viktor Mechtcherine; Christof Schroefl
Published in: Proceedings Symposium on Concrete Modelling (CONMOD2018), 2018, Page(s) 467-477
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1438229


Author(s): PEDRO SERNA; Francesco Lo Monte; Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz; Estefania Cuenca; Viktor Mechtcherine; Michaela Reichardt; Alva Peled; Oren Regev; Ruben P. Borg; Alexej Tretjakov; Dennis Lizunov; Konstantin Sobolev; Stamatina Sideri; Kim Nelson; Enrico Maria Gastaldo Brac; Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 764-771
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2621369

An Overview on H2020 Project “ReSHEALience”

Author(s): Ferrara, Liberato; Bamonte, Patrick; Suesta, Cristina; Animato, Francesco; Pascale, Carmine; Tretjakov, Aleksej; Camacho, Esteban; Deegan, Peter; Sideri, Stamatina; Gastaldo, Enrico Maria; Serna, Pedro; Mechtcherine, Viktor; Cruz Alonso, María; Peled, Alva; Paul Borg, Ruben
Published in: "Proceedings of the IABSE Symposium ""Towards a Resilient Built Environment - Risk and Asset Management""", Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 174-181
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2631157

An experimental set up to assess the effects of crack sealing on the concrete-reinforcement bond in chloride environments

Author(s): Cuenca, E., Zaro, A., Ferrara, L.
Published in: Proceedings of the fib Symposium 2019: Concrete - Innovations in Materials, Design and Structures, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 274-281
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3244306


Author(s): A. Cibelli, G. di Luzio, L. Ferrara, G. Cusatis, Pathirage, M.
Published in: Proceedings 10th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures FraMCoS-X, 2019

Correlation Between “Very Early” Age Fracture Performance and Evolution of Rheological Properties of High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites with Adapted Rheology

Author(s): Francesco Lo Monte, Gabriele Zago, Marco Cucchi, Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Rheology and Processing of Construction Materials - RheoCon2 & SCC9, Issue 23, 2020, Page(s) 237-245
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22566-7_28

Concept of Ultra High Durability Concrete for improved durability in chemical environments: Preliminary results

Author(s): Estefanía Cuenca; María Criado; Mercedes Giménez; Enrico Gastaldo Brac; Stamatina Sideri; Alexey Tretjakov; Maria Cruz Alonso; Liberato Ferrara
Published in: Durable concrete for infrastructure under severe conditions – Smart admixtures, self-responsiveness and nano-additives, Issue 4, 2019, Page(s) 147-151
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3413756

" Textile-reinforced concrete to realise ultra high durability concrete (UHDC) in the framework of the EU H2020 project ""ReSHEALience"" "

Author(s): C. Schröfl; A. Peled; O. Regev; R. P. Borg; M. Reichardt; R. Sripada; V. Mechtcherine; P. Deegan; L. Ferrara
Published in: Durable concrete for infrastructure under severe conditions – Smart admixtures, self-responsiveness and nano-additives, Issue 4, 2019, Page(s) 24-27
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3405253

Effect of crack pattern on the self-healing capability in traditional, HPC and UHPFRC concretes measured by water and chloride permeability

Author(s): Alberto Negrini, Marta Roig-Flores, Eduardo J. Mezquida-Alcaraz, Liberato Ferrara, Pedro Serna
Published in: MATEC Web of Conferences, Issue 289, 2019, Page(s) 01006, ISSN 2261-236X
DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201928901006

Characterization of the Tensile Behaviour of Ultra-High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete

Author(s): Lo Monte, F.; Ferrara, L.
Published in: Proceedings of the 5th ACI Italy Chapter workshop on the New Boundaries of Structural Concrete 2020, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 45-54
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3938483

Use of nano-additions to improve the performance of UHPFRCs used in geothermal power plant infrastructures

Author(s): Cuenca, E.; Mezzena, A.; Ferrara, L.
Published in: Proceedings of the 5th ACI Italy Chapter workshop on the New Boundaries of Structural Concrete, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 65-74
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3938522